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2015年11月17日14:33,俄新一代预警卫星EKS-1从普列谢茨克成功发射

发布者: wsl2005 | 发布时间: 2014-7-21 10:31| 查看数: 9288| 评论数: 81|帖子模式

任务简报
发射时间: 2015-11-17/ 14:33:41.171(GMT+8)
运载工具: Soyuz-2.1b/Fregat-M
有效载荷(国籍): EKS-1/COSMOS-2510【产品代号 14F142】(俄罗斯)
发射场(国籍): 普列谢茨克(俄罗斯)
工位: LC-43/4
状态: 发射成功
轨道类型及参数: 闪电轨道HEO
备注:

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本帖最后由 wsl2005 于 2015-11-18 15:58 编辑

http://rt.com/news/174076-early-warning-satellite-russia/

​‘Doomsday sputnik’: Russia said to launch new missile-attack warning satellite
        Published time: July 19, 2014 14:02       Edited time: July 20, 2014 20:14

After years of delay, Russia plans to deploy this year the first satellite of its new constellation replacing the space component of the early warning system, Russian media reported. It will also double as an emergency communication satellite.
The satellite was developed for the military, so naturally little is known about it. Identified by disambiguation ‘product 14F142’, it is expected to be launched in the fourth quarter of 2014, according to Kommersant newspaper.
The spacecraft will be the first in a constellation, aimed to replace the old Oko-1 early warning system, which allows Russia survey countries possessing nuclear-capable ballistic missiles and detect possible launches.
Oko-1 is currently in bad shape. To be fully operational, it needs four 73D6 satellites in placed in a highly elliptical orbit, dubbed ‘Molnya’ (lightning) orbit, to provide full-time coverage of the area of interest, and an additional backup satellite in a 71X6 geosynchronous orbit. Russia lost the last of the 71X6s in April this year and has not launched replacements for the 73D6s since 2008, with only two still operational.
The Russian military assured that the ground-based network of early warning radar stations, which the country considerably upgraded in the past years, is robust enough to compensate for the blind spot in the space component, but they may not be completely earnest.
A replacement for Oko-1, the EKS (Unified Space System), has been in development since at least 2000 and was initially expected the star space tests in 2009. But the project faced a set of delays and a round of public bickering and a court battle between the Defense Ministry and Energia space corporation, which builds the platforms for the satellite. Now Kommersant says all the disputes and setbacks are in the past, with the spacecraft almost ready for launch.
The 14F142 is to be launched by a Soyuz-2.1b rocket and a Fregat third stage to a Tundra orbit – a highly elliptical orbit similar to Molnya, but with twice its period. The newspaper source says the instruments build by Kometa Corporation will be able to detect launches of submarine-launched ballistic missiles and launches of some cruise missiles.
In addition to detecting a launch, the spacecraft will be able to calculate the projectile’s flight parameters, which will be handy for ground radar stations locking on it. It will also provide communication functions for the military, allowing commands for a retaliatory nuclear strike to be transmitted, should things really go that far south, Kommersant said.
Amid preparation for the launch the military are upgrading Oko-1 ground station in Serpukhov-15 to take control of the 14F142.





最新评论

Lsquirrel 发表于 2014-7-21 10:39
千呼万呼始出来,犹抱琵琶半遮面
不过库存最后的Oko已经打上去了,卫星又总是失灵,再不发射就真的晚了
shaolin1254 发表于 2014-7-21 13:02
本帖最后由 shaolin1254 于 2014-7-21 19:53 编辑

Tundra orbit?wikipedia上的解释如下
a type of highly elliptical geosynchronous orbit with a high inclination (usually near 63.4°) and an orbital period of one solar day. A satellite placed in this orbit spends most of its time over a chosen area of the Earth, a phenomenon known as apogee dwell. Synchronization with the solar day ensures that the satellite, viewed from a point on the ground, describes a predictable trajectory in the sky at the same time day after day, and moves at a moderate angular speed over the area of interest. The ground track of a satellite in a tundra orbit is a closed "figure-eight".

这不和QZSS的轨道一样了么,不知道这颗要重点看哪里?参考QZSS轨道图




点评

朝鲜?天朝?还是抵近发射的三叉戟?  发表于 2014-7-21 19:17
wsl2005 发表于 2014-10-8 10:36
wsl2005 发表于 2014-11-4 08:35
wsl2005 发表于 2014-10-8 10:36
推迟到2015年发射。http://bbs.9ifly.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=13984&from=portal

10月30日的一个报道说,2014年度有可能发射。http://itar-tass.com/armiya-i-opk/1542113
------------------------------
Тогда военные отметили, что из шести аппаратов, работающих на высокоэллиптической орбите, осталось лишь два, из-за чего они могут выполнять свои задачи лишь три часа в сутки. Тем не менее в ракетно-космической отрасли заявили, что утрата спутника не повлияет на эффективность системы предупреждения о ракетном нападении, опирающейся в основном на наземные радиолокационные станции. Тогда же специалисты заявили, что первый спутник этой системы будет запущен на орбиту до конца года.
------------------------------
Then the military said that of the six units operating on highly elliptical orbit, there are only two, because of what they can accomplish their tasks, only three hours a day. Nevertheless, in the space industry said that the loss of the satellite will not affect the effectiveness of the system of missile warning, relies mainly on ground radar. At the same time experts have stated that the first satellite of this system will be launched into orbit before the end of the year.

wsl2005 发表于 2015-3-20 09:07
替代眼睛1”统一空间系统” (EKS),至少从2000年以来一直在发展,最初预计在2009年进行星空间测试。但是该项目先后经历了一系列的延迟、一轮公开争论以及国防部和Energia航天公司之间的一场官司,Energia航天公司负责为卫星建造平台
14F142卫星将由联盟2.1b/Fregat”运载火箭发射至苔原轨道”——闪电轨道相似的高椭圆轨道,但在轨时间是后者的两倍。
报纸信息称,由彗星公司建造的设备能够探测潜射弹道导弹和一些巡航导弹的发射,除了探测导弹的发射,卫星还能够计算弹丸的飞行参数,这将方便地面雷达站锁定弹丸。如果情况紧急,它还提供军事通信功能,允许传输报复性核打击的命令。
在准备发射的过程中,军方在升级眼睛1”位于谢尔普霍夫 - 15的地面站,便于控制14F142
wsl2005 发表于 2015-4-3 22:06
下半年发射,一颗EKS相当于5~6枚“眼睛”,够强大的。
http://tass.ru/kosmos/1875093
wsl2005 发表于 2015-6-12 09:37
普列谢茨克最近一直在进行技术升级。

EKS系统计划2015~2018四年内部署10颗卫星,有点不切实际吧,,,?

Первый этап системы будет развернут в 2015 году, а к 2018 году в нее войдут десять спутников.

http://ria.ru/science/20150611/1069462943.html#ixzz3co8Xk4ZL

wsl2005 发表于 2015-6-12 10:11
5月31日的报道提到了本次任务。

На космодроме Плесецк планируется начать летно-конструкторские испытания первого космического аппарата системы ЕКС.

wsl2005 发表于 2015-6-21 10:26
发射准备工作差不多了,,,
http://function.mil.ru/news_page/country/more.htm?id=12041712@egNews

В рамках создания Единой космической системы (ЕКС) в настоящее время на северном космодроме завершены работы по созданию наземной инфраструктуры для подготовки к запуску космических аппаратов ЕКС. С целью совершенствования космического эшелона системы предупреждения о ракетном нападении в 2015 году с космодрома Плесецк планируется осуществить запуск первого космического аппарата ЕКС.

wsl2005 发表于 2015-6-30 08:35
推迟到11月发射,,,
http://tass.ru/armiya-i-opk/2079973

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wsl2005 发表于 2015-7-2 22:29
本帖最后由 wsl2005 于 2015-7-2 23:11 编辑

论坛相关帖子也提到了EKS系统。
回顾俄罗斯“眼睛”系列导弹预警卫星发展历程
http://bbs.9ifly.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=3006&pid=368513&page=1&extra=#pid368513

已经失效的HEO“眼镜”系列预警卫星COSMOS 2422和COSMOS 2446都是周期12小时,为何EKS-1要采用24小时周期“苔原轨道”,,,?
wsl2005 发表于 2015-10-4 09:04
feynfan 发表于 2015-11-11 12:47
NSF论坛上,企鹅援引Anik的消息说,发射时间在12月17日,可能是Ariane 5之后的下一次发射~
ps: 终于搜索到了,顶到前排来,还有六天~
wsl2005 发表于 2015-11-13 22:39
G4472/15 - ATS RTE SEGMENTS CLSD: A222 PILAN - LETBA, A303 AGUKI - RATLU, A333 RILOM - LADOG, B200 SOTIS - ROKUT, G355 SOTIS - ANEPA, G375 KUGON - LETBA, R355 OGEMI - AGUKI, R360 RINOV - GIMET. SFC - UNL, DAILY 0100-1700, 17 NOV 01:00 2015 UNTIL 20 NOV 17:00 2015. CREATED: 13 NOV 09:11 2015

G4464/15 - ATS RTE SEGMENTS CLSD: A303 SORIG - KUMEN, A491 SOTER - UKHTA VORDME (UHT), A834 AKADA - GISAN, B152 NEROL - GAPRA, B154 SONIB - BAMON, B486 AKADA - MEDER, R822 GUBIR - TITKO. SFC - UNL, DAILY 0600-0800, 17 NOV 06:00 2015 UNTIL 20 NOV 08:00 2015. CREATED: 13 NOV 07:33 2015
wsl2005 发表于 2015-11-14 10:01
and for 2nd stage debris:
E2202/15 - ATS RTE W256 SEGMENT ROMEV-TOBOLSK NDB (NH) CLSD. SFC - UNL, DAILY 0600-0800, 17 NOV 06:00 2015 UNTIL 20 NOV 08:00 2015. CREATED: 13 NOV 13:26 2015
E2197/15 - ATS RTE SEGMENTS CLSD: G356 TOBOLSK NDB (NH) - ROGEB P865 LERPI - INKOR R211 TOBOLSK NDB (NH) - NIKUL R372 PIRED - TOBOLSK NDB (NH) R717 TOBOLSK NDB (NH) - RISIR. SFC - UNL, DAILY 0600-0800, 17 NOV 06:00 2015 UNTIL 20 NOV 08:00 2015. CREATED: 13 NOV 07:50 2015

and 3rd stage debris:
F8122/15 - ROCKET LAUNCH FROM RUSSIA WILL TAKE PLACE FLW RECEIVED FROM GOVERNMENT OF RUSSIA: THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE OF RUSSIA PLANS TO LAUNCH MISSILE IN THE SPACE AND TO SINK ITS FRAGMENTS IN THE WATERS OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN. CHARACTERISTICS OF IMPACT AREA: S55 12.0 E162 28.0 S44 50.0 E146 43.0 S44 17.0 E147 40.0 S54 30.0 E163 26.0 S55 12.0 E162 28.0. SFC - UNL, PRIMARY LAUNCH DATE 20151117 ALTERNATE TIMES DAILY 0600-0800, 17 NOV 06:00 2015 UNTIL 20 NOV 08:00 2015. CREATED: 09 NOV 10:04 2015

WESTERN SOUTH PACIFIC.
SPACE DEBRIS.
DNC 05. DNC 06.
1. HAZARDOUS OPERATIONS 0600Z TO 0800Z DAILY
17 THRU 20 NOV IN AREA BOUND BY
44-17S 147-40E, 54-30S 163-26E,
55-12S 162-28E, 44-50S 146-43E.
2. CANCEL THIS MSG 200900Z NOV 15.//

Authority: NAVAREA XIV 96/15 122030Z NOV 15.




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wsl2005 发表于 2015-11-14 10:39
Industry delivered first satellites for the EKS early-warning system
According to the deputy minister of defense, the industry has delivered the first two satellites of the new-generation early-warning system known as EKS. The first launch of a new satellite is expected to take place in November-December 2015, very much as announced this summer.
The EKS system has been in the works for quite a while - the first report that mentioned the system appeared in 2007. The complete system is said to include 10 satellites, which are expected to be deployed by the end of 2018. However, given the history of delays, it is safe to assume that the deployment will take longer. The satellites have been referred to as Tundra.
At the moment, Russia has no functioning early-warning satellites in orbit. The last two satellites stopped working some time in the fall of 2014.




haojiang77 发表于 2015-11-14 11:12
提示: 作者被禁止或删除 内容自动屏蔽
ximig 发表于 2015-11-15 09:11
wsl2005 发表于 2015-11-14 10:01
and for 2nd stage debris:
E2202/15 - ATS RTE W256 SEGMENT ROMEV-TOBOLSK NDB (NH) CLSD. SFC - UNL, D ...

往南射?万一失败,岂不是会砸到我天朝人民?
wsl2005 发表于 2015-11-15 09:37
G4481/15 - AIRSPACE CLSD WI AREA BOUNDED BY COORD: 625500N0470000E-624500N0484500E-622500N0484500E- 623000N0470000E-625500N0470000E. SFC - 1500M AMSL, DAILY 0600-0800, 17 NOV 06:00 2015 UNTIL 20 NOV 08:00 2015. CREATED: 13 NOV 13:32 2015

G4479/15 - AIRSPACE CLSD IN AREA WI COORD: 623400N0512700E-622400N0523500E-620200N0521900E- 621100N0511100E-623400N0512700E. SFC - 1500M AMSL, DAILY 0600-0800, 17 NOV 06:00 2015 UNTIL 20 NOV 08:00 2015. CREATED: 13 NOV 13:12 2015

G4475/15 - AIRSPACE CLSD WI AREA BOUNDED BY COORD: 640800N0553900E-640500N0560800E-631300N0564500E- 630700N0555000E-640800N0553900E. SFC - 500M AMSL, DAILY 0530-1330, 17 NOV 05:30 2015 UNTIL 22 NOV 13:30 2015. CREATED: 13 NOV 11:18 2015
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