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[新概念武器] 俄罗斯高超声速试验飞行器

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DF21 发表于 2016-10-31 11:08 | 显示全部楼层
haojiang77 发表于 2016-3-19 04:44
俄罗斯首次试射第五代潜艇用“锆石”新型高超声速巡航导弹
2016-03-18

哈士奇级核潜艇。。。这是在逗么
haojiang77 发表于 2016-11-30 22:09 | 显示全部楼层
http://vpk.name/news/169109_v_ro ... dalnei_aviacii.html
俄军方消息来源向纽带网(Lenta.ru)表示,俄军已在Tu-22M试射高超音速飞弹。这是远程航空兵所用的飞弹,速度5~6马赫,预计2020~2021服役。军方消息指出,这个高超音速飞弹是一个大型的高超音速飞行器研发计画的一环,该计画要为空天军、海军、战略核武部队发展高超音速飞行器,其中一些已经可以量产,一些还在研究。
俄媒体认为这次Tu-22M试射的可能是约于2011年开始研发的3M22 「Tsirkon」(锆石)超音速反舰飞弹,他应该会在2010年代末期服役,除用于飞机,也用于949AM 、885、885M潜舰、1144基洛夫级巡洋舰,以及新的Lider级舰艇。
haojiang77 发表于 2017-4-16 05:25 来自航空航天港手机版! | 显示全部楼层
媒体:俄罗斯“锆石”导弹在试验时速度达到声速的八倍

俄罗斯
23:25 2017年04月15日
(更新 00:13 2017年04月16日)
缩短网址
0 182106
俄罗斯超音速反舰导弹 - “锆石”在试验时的速度达到声速的8倍。4月15日,RT电视台援引一家国防工业新闻通报了这一消息。

据悉,在实验过程中确认,“锆石”导弹的坦克可达到8马赫,不同的飞行高处时,声速的计算也不同。

据消息确切指出,“锆石”导弹能够从万能发射装置 — ZS-14发射器中进行发射。

此外,“锆石”导弹将预计在2018年进入军队服役。这些导弹将代替此前的重型反舰导弹 — P-700“Granit”导弹。
http://sputniknews.cn/russia/201704151022370195/
haojiang77 发表于 2017-4-20 00:06 来自航空航天港手机版! | 显示全部楼层
http://news.ifeng.com/a/20170419/50965128_0.shtml
凤凰洗地酸文:锆石8马赫有硬伤,土鳖不羡慕.主要硬伤是毛子格洛纳斯系统残缺不全,另目测锆石不能机动,航母可躲避。
ssizz 发表于 2017-4-20 10:48 | 显示全部楼层
haojiang77 发表于 2017-4-20 00:06
http://news.ifeng.com/a/20170419/50965128_0.shtml
凤凰洗地酸文:锆石8马赫有硬伤,土鳖不羡慕.主要硬伤 ...

主要硬伤在智力上,凤凰本身也有这毛病,所以他不好意思在这方面说毛粉。
langge945 发表于 2017-4-20 23:02 | 显示全部楼层
俄副总理:俄美在研发高超音速武器方面并驾齐驱 © Sputnik/ Sergei Mamontov
军事
21:47 2017年04月20日(更新 21:50 2017年04月20日) 缩短网址 0 11832
俄罗斯卫星通讯社莫斯科4月20日电 俄罗斯副总理罗戈津对媒体有关“锆石”高超音速巡航导弹的报道发表评论说,俄罗斯正在进行高超音速武器的研发工作,在这一领域,我们与美国并驾齐驱。


罗戈津说:"我们以前就说过,在高超音速武器课题领域,我们的工作和美国是可以相提并论的,我们在发展自己的系统。但我不想对国防工业体消息人士或者国防部消息人士泄漏的信息加以评论。研发工作正在进行,并且是由发展前景的,因为高超声速武器实际上是完全新一代的导弹武器,可有效克制导弹防御系统"。
俄罗斯国防部网站发布消息表示,新一代超音速武器,智能机器人以及基于新物理学原理的武器2025年前将装备俄罗斯军队。值得注意的是,2018-2025年国家军备计划实施将吸引科学界参与,因为需要解决一系列技术问题。   

http://sputniknews.cn/military/201704201022418318/
Lsquirrel 发表于 2017-6-4 15:02 | 显示全部楼层
https://sputniknews.com/military/201705291054102534-russia-us-china-hypersonic-race/
Last week, National Interest contributor Kris Osborn wrote that the US Air Force expects to receive its first hypersonic weapons starting in the mid-2020s, and that by the mid-2040s, the Pentagon may have a hypersonic strike platform at its disposal. Russian military analyst Vladimir Tuchkov explains why these estimates may be a tad overoptimistic.

In his piece, Osborn recalled that that the US isn't resting on its hypersonic laurels, with a recent Air Force Studies Board report confirming that the Pentagon is fully aware that the US are not the only ones engaged in creating weapons platforms capable of moving at speeds exceeding Mach 5. Furthermore, the report indicated that these US competitors, including Russia and China, are already engaged in testing of hypersonic weapons.
Commenting on Osborn's piece, Russian military journalist and Svobodnaya Pressa contributor Vladimir Tuchkov suggested that the optimistic mood about the US developing hypersonic weapons in the near future, followed by hypersonic strike platforms after that, may be just a tad bit overoptimistic.
"In reality," Tuchkov wrote, "American scientists and engineers will have to strain every nerve just to avoid lagging too far behind Russia in this area."

For instance, the analyst noted, while US engineers are still conducting experiments on their experimental 'flying laboratories', "in Russia, the testing of actual weapons is already underway. Specifically, we are talking about the Zircon hypersonic anti-ship missile."In an interview with Osborn last month, US Air Force chief scientist Geoffrey Zacharias said that the US was engaged in development work on multiple fronts. "Right now we are focusing on technology maturation so all the bits and pieces, guidance, navigation control, material science, munitions, heat transfer and all that stuff," he said.
Reading Zacharias's statement closely, Tuchkov noted that the fact that the chief scientist did not name efforts to perfect the scramjet engine as one of the key scientific and engineering details to work on is indicative. "It can be assumed that the Americans are quite satisfied with what has been achieved in this area and implemented in the Boeing X-51A scramjet aircraft. Its trials began in 2010. Its estimated speed is between Mach 6 and Mach 7."

The analyst recalled that three test launches of this prototype vehicle have been carried from aboard B-52 bombers. The first, taking place in May 2010, ended with the engine speeding up the scramjet to Mach 5.1 after 210 seconds in operation, rather than the planned 300 seconds. After that, the self-destruct command was ordered, because the rocket's behavior became unpredictable.
In August 2012, a second test vehicle disintegrated over the Pacific Ocean 15 seconds into its flight.

Finally, in May 2013, a B-52 lifted the X-51A to an altitude of 15 km before launch. In 26 seconds, the vehicle accelerated to Mach 4.8. Having climbed to 18 km, facing less air resistance, a speed of Mach 5.1 was recorded.The 2013 test was the final test in the $300 million program, started in 2004, and seen by the Pentagon as 'proof of concept' project demonstrating that a scramjet engine could go hypersonic following launch from onboard an aircraft.
However, Tuchkov stressed that "in the creation of a hypersonic aircraft, there are many equally difficult problems that must be solved, including flight-control, the exchange of information with a command point, the ability to maneuver, and targeting."
In fact, the analyst noted, "the results that the Americans reached in 2013 were achieved, and even exceeded, by the Soviet Union a long time ago."
"In the 1970s, the Raduga Design Bureau began research and development work on a project whose purpose was to study the possibility of building a cruise missile capable of reaching a speed of Mach 5. At the time, this problem had seen practically no study. The US X-15 hypersonic aircraft of the 1960s proved a failure, due to the fact that it used a liquid-fueled jet engine. It was good for space flight, but for flights in the atmosphere, a scramjet engine was required, which would use as its oxidizing material air from the atmosphere, rather than liquefied oxygen from tanks."

Tuchkov recalled that in the 1980s, Raduga was able to create several prototypes of a hypersonic cruise missile meeting this criteria, known as the Kh-90. The cruise missile, with a planned speed of Mach 5, weighed 15 tons, had a length of 9 meters, a wingspan of 7 meters, and an estimated range of 3,000 km.
"Several test flights were carried out, during which speeds from Mach 3 up to Mach 4 were gradually achieved. But in spite of these results, the project was canceled in 1992 due to the cancellation of funding."
"The same fate also befell the work of the Baranov Central Institute of Aviation Motor Development," Tuchkov recalled. "In 1979, scramjet R&D work known as project 'Kholod' ('Cold') was begun, using cryogenics technology. On the basis of a 5B28 anti-aircraft missile from the S-200 air defense system, engineers created a flying laboratory, with several variants of a scramjet tested. The best results were achieved in 1998, when a speed of Mach 6.5 was reached."

At that point, engineers began research work on Kholod-2, whose technical plans called for reaching speeds up to Mach 14 (the theoretical ceiling of a scramjet is Mach 20). "But this was limited to the construction of a mockup model, shown at the Moscow MAKS airshow in 1999, and was also terminated due to 'lack of funds'."
The journalist emphasized that "the Russian engineers helped the Americans, who at that time called us their 'friends', tremendously. All the test results from the Kholod flying laboratory had been sold to the US. The last test, conducted in 1998, was conducted using US funding. In other words, they received access to the program's priceless documentation."
Nevertheless, Tuchkov added that documentation or not, US engineers haven't been able to match the Kholod program's record, with the X-51A clocking in a top speed of 'only' Mach 5.1.
"It's interesting," Tuchkov wrote, "that Russia is mentioned only in the title of Osborn's National Interest article," with no mention made of Russia's specific programs – particularly the Zircon anti-ship missile. There is simply no way that the American military expert doesn't know about it, he added.
The 3M22 Zircon was developed in the Moscow-region city of Reutov at the NPO Mashinostroyeniya rocket design bureau. Testing began in 2015, with five successful launches achieved so far.

Tuchkov recalled that "in the last of them, a speed of Mach 6 was recorded (it should be noted that information reported in April about speeds of Mach 8 have been refuted by developers). But given the possibility of maneuvered flight, a speed of Mach 6 is more than enough of a guarantee to overcome any anti-missile system. This includes not only systems that exist today, but those expected to appear over the next two decades. Different sources place the Zircon's range between 500 and 1,000 km."

The journalist noted that at the moment, "the Zircon is classified as an anti-ship missile. It is expected to be installed aboard two Project 1144 heavy missile cruises, the Peter the Great and the Admiral Nakhimov, replacing the Granit and Onyx missile systems. Another carrier for the hypersonic missile is planned – the prospective fifth generation Husky-class submarine, work on which is progressing at the St. Petersburg Marine Engineering Bureau."In the long run, air- and ground-based modifications of the Zircon will be created, with work on these also in progress, Tuchkov added.
"Zircon is a ready weapon in the testing phase," the expert stressed. "It is expected to be added into Russia's arsenal between 2018 and 2020. The US intends to respond to the Russian hypersonic missile in the mid-2020s. However, even these plans raise doubts."
"As mentioned above, the X-51A is not a concrete project that requires fine-tuning, but a flying laboratory. The US military industrial complex is developing a missile on the basis of the data obtained during the X-51A's tests. And developers are only at the very beginning of the road, as Russia was after the closure of the Kholod-2 program," Tuchkov concluded.

ssizz 发表于 2017-6-4 16:35 | 显示全部楼层
Lsquirrel 发表于 2017-6-4 15:02
https://sputniknews.com/military/201705291054102534-russia-us-china-hypersonic-race/
Last week, Nat ...

98年那次达到6.5马赫的实验里,冲压发动机点火前,靠助推器达到了多大的速度?
纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 10:57 | 显示全部楼层
ssizz 发表于 2017-6-4 16:35
98年那次达到6.5马赫的实验里,冲压发动机点火前,靠助推器达到了多大的速度?

6.4X,冲压发动机基本没提供加速,就保持了一下
ssizz 发表于 2017-6-5 12:11 | 显示全部楼层
纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 10:57
6.4X,冲压发动机基本没提供加速,就保持了一下

那毛子面对X-51A哪来的优越感啊
纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 16:13 | 显示全部楼层
ssizz 发表于 2017-6-5 12:11
那毛子面对X-51A哪来的优越感啊

本来就是嘴炮呀,那玩意工作了不到10秒,和X-51差距肯定是巨大的
不过也确实能吹一下,毕竟是第一个实现正推力
ssizz 发表于 2017-6-5 16:33 | 显示全部楼层
纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 16:13
本来就是嘴炮呀,那玩意工作了不到10秒,和X-51差距肯定是巨大的
不过也确实能吹一下,毕竟是第一个实现 ...

那锆石的6马赫看着是大火箭发动机加速到6马赫,然后超燃发动机用来维持速度?突破点就是维持时间长?
纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 16:39 | 显示全部楼层
ssizz 发表于 2017-6-5 16:33
那锆石的6马赫看着是大火箭发动机加速到6马赫,然后超燃发动机用来维持速度?突破点就是维持时间长?

冷计划都是20年前的东西了,现在怎么样谁知道……
锆石也未必全程高速
另外,有小道消息说锆石实际上是弹道滑翔,不带动力
中华土鸡 发表于 2017-6-5 20:57 | 显示全部楼层
国内5月文献中出现一个长至少25m,高4.3-4.5米的液氢燃料,最大10马赫超燃发动机设计
此外2030年前后要试飞水平起降的重复动力飞行器似乎也越来越清晰,
长36m(这个长出现很多次了)机身高6米,鸭翼,气动变形设计(为了全域起降)
起飞重量应该130-150t

文献来源单位不是学校了
haojiang77 发表于 2017-6-6 18:53 来自航空航天港手机版! | 显示全部楼层
纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 16:13
本来就是嘴炮呀,那玩意工作了不到10秒,和X-51差距肯定是巨大的
不过也确实能吹一下,毕竟是第一个实现 ...

冷计划最长得一次发动机工作了77秒吧。
haojiang77 发表于 2017-6-6 18:56 来自航空航天港手机版! | 显示全部楼层
纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 16:39
冷计划都是20年前的东西了,现在怎么样谁知道……
锆石也未必全程高速
另外,有小道消息说锆石实际上是 ...

你这小道消息不会是来自华语世界吧哈?!
langge945 发表于 2017-7-22 15:44 | 显示全部楼层
俄罗斯战术导弹集团将于年底完成新型航空炸弹KAB-250研制工作
2017-07-22
【根据俄新社2017年7月20日消息】战术导弹集团总经理鲍里斯.奥布诺索夫在2017年莫斯科航展对媒体披露,航空炸弹KAB-250制造工作将于今年年底完成。该炸弹带有激光导引头和高爆战斗部,用于毁伤各种武器装备、防御工事、仓库等基础设施。
人工智能导弹
鲍里斯.奥布诺索披露,俄罗斯正将人工智能技术运用到导弹上,过几年俄罗斯将会出现人工智能导弹。早些时候空军司令维克多·邦达列夫曾说过,俄罗斯航空力量将接收带有人工智能组件的导弹,这种导弹能够分析空气和雷达情况,并自动决定飞行高度、飞行速度以及飞行方向。
高精度巡航导弹
鲍里斯.奥布诺索还表示,战术导弹集团计划到2020年研制出高精度巡航导弹,新型导弹的工作正在进行中,这型导弹类似于美国的Jassm。
高超声速无人机
鲍里斯.奥布诺索披露,到2020年俄罗斯将出现高超声速无人机,“即使是以6-7马赫的速度飞行也是很困难的,我认为到2020年无人机会实现高超声速飞行。目前这项工作正在开展,发动机、材料、系统等方面的工作都是很复杂的。”
潜射导弹“风暴”的升级
“目前正对潜射导弹风暴进行升级改造,参数需要进行修正,同时它们被列入到了2018-2025年新版武器装备计划中”。该型导弹用于毁伤水上目标。能够装备舰船、潜艇。有效射程7km,水下发射深度达30m,战斗部质量210kg,直径543.4mm,长度8.2m,质量2700kg。(北京海鹰科技情报研究所  武坤琳)

http://www.dsti.net/Information/News/105672
丙辰之龙 发表于 2017-7-31 12:25 | 显示全部楼层
俄罗斯国防部副部长鲍里索夫称俄军计划在2020-2022年列装空射型高超声速导弹
2017-07-27
【据俄罗斯塔斯社2017年7月18日报道】在2017莫斯科国际航展上,俄罗斯国防部副部长鲍里索夫周二在接受记者采访时公开宣称,俄罗斯国防部计划在2020-2022年间装备空射型高超声速导弹。
鲍里索夫称,“我们正在考察评估全球科技研发成果,我们没有发现我们在哪方面有落后。在(科研)这个领域,我们处于世界前列。我可以在这公开我们准备在2020-2022年间转化一大批高新技术的计划,这其中首当其冲的就是空射型高超声速导弹武器。我们的航空航天制造商,尤其是联合飞机集团公司,都有计划要研制各种型别的空射型高超声速武器。现在主要的障碍在工业部门,而在军方。我们希望能拿到这类武器。”(中国航空工业发展研究中心廖孟豪)
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