楼主: kktt

[新概念武器] 俄罗斯高超声速试验飞行器

DF21 发表于 2016-10-31 11:08 | 显示全部楼层
haojiang77 发表于 2016-3-19 04:44

haojiang77 发表于 2016-11-30 22:09 | 显示全部楼层
http://vpk.name/news/169109_v_ro ... dalnei_aviacii.html
俄媒体认为这次Tu-22M试射的可能是约于2011年开始研发的3M22 「Tsirkon」(锆石)超音速反舰飞弹,他应该会在2010年代末期服役,除用于飞机,也用于949AM 、885、885M潜舰、1144基洛夫级巡洋舰,以及新的Lider级舰艇。
haojiang77 发表于 2017-4-16 05:25 来自航空航天港手机版! | 显示全部楼层

23:25 2017年04月15日
(更新 00:13 2017年04月16日)
0 182106
俄罗斯超音速反舰导弹 - “锆石”在试验时的速度达到声速的8倍。4月15日,RT电视台援引一家国防工业新闻通报了这一消息。


据消息确切指出,“锆石”导弹能够从万能发射装置 — ZS-14发射器中进行发射。

此外,“锆石”导弹将预计在2018年进入军队服役。这些导弹将代替此前的重型反舰导弹 — P-700“Granit”导弹。
haojiang77 发表于 2017-4-20 00:06 来自航空航天港手机版! | 显示全部楼层
ssizz 发表于 2017-4-20 10:48 | 显示全部楼层
haojiang77 发表于 2017-4-20 00:06
凤凰洗地酸文:锆石8马赫有硬伤,土鳖不羡慕.主要硬伤 ...

langge945 发表于 2017-4-20 23:02 | 显示全部楼层
俄副总理:俄美在研发高超音速武器方面并驾齐驱 © Sputnik/ Sergei Mamontov
21:47 2017年04月20日(更新 21:50 2017年04月20日) 缩短网址 0 11832
俄罗斯卫星通讯社莫斯科4月20日电 俄罗斯副总理罗戈津对媒体有关“锆石”高超音速巡航导弹的报道发表评论说,俄罗斯正在进行高超音速武器的研发工作,在这一领域,我们与美国并驾齐驱。


Lsquirrel 发表于 2017-6-4 15:02 | 显示全部楼层
Last week, National Interest contributor Kris Osborn wrote that the US Air Force expects to receive its first hypersonic weapons starting in the mid-2020s, and that by the mid-2040s, the Pentagon may have a hypersonic strike platform at its disposal. Russian military analyst Vladimir Tuchkov explains why these estimates may be a tad overoptimistic.

In his piece, Osborn recalled that that the US isn't resting on its hypersonic laurels, with a recent Air Force Studies Board report confirming that the Pentagon is fully aware that the US are not the only ones engaged in creating weapons platforms capable of moving at speeds exceeding Mach 5. Furthermore, the report indicated that these US competitors, including Russia and China, are already engaged in testing of hypersonic weapons.
Commenting on Osborn's piece, Russian military journalist and Svobodnaya Pressa contributor Vladimir Tuchkov suggested that the optimistic mood about the US developing hypersonic weapons in the near future, followed by hypersonic strike platforms after that, may be just a tad bit overoptimistic.
"In reality," Tuchkov wrote, "American scientists and engineers will have to strain every nerve just to avoid lagging too far behind Russia in this area."

For instance, the analyst noted, while US engineers are still conducting experiments on their experimental 'flying laboratories', "in Russia, the testing of actual weapons is already underway. Specifically, we are talking about the Zircon hypersonic anti-ship missile."In an interview with Osborn last month, US Air Force chief scientist Geoffrey Zacharias said that the US was engaged in development work on multiple fronts. "Right now we are focusing on technology maturation so all the bits and pieces, guidance, navigation control, material science, munitions, heat transfer and all that stuff," he said.
Reading Zacharias's statement closely, Tuchkov noted that the fact that the chief scientist did not name efforts to perfect the scramjet engine as one of the key scientific and engineering details to work on is indicative. "It can be assumed that the Americans are quite satisfied with what has been achieved in this area and implemented in the Boeing X-51A scramjet aircraft. Its trials began in 2010. Its estimated speed is between Mach 6 and Mach 7."

The analyst recalled that three test launches of this prototype vehicle have been carried from aboard B-52 bombers. The first, taking place in May 2010, ended with the engine speeding up the scramjet to Mach 5.1 after 210 seconds in operation, rather than the planned 300 seconds. After that, the self-destruct command was ordered, because the rocket's behavior became unpredictable.
In August 2012, a second test vehicle disintegrated over the Pacific Ocean 15 seconds into its flight.

Finally, in May 2013, a B-52 lifted the X-51A to an altitude of 15 km before launch. In 26 seconds, the vehicle accelerated to Mach 4.8. Having climbed to 18 km, facing less air resistance, a speed of Mach 5.1 was recorded.The 2013 test was the final test in the $300 million program, started in 2004, and seen by the Pentagon as 'proof of concept' project demonstrating that a scramjet engine could go hypersonic following launch from onboard an aircraft.
However, Tuchkov stressed that "in the creation of a hypersonic aircraft, there are many equally difficult problems that must be solved, including flight-control, the exchange of information with a command point, the ability to maneuver, and targeting."
In fact, the analyst noted, "the results that the Americans reached in 2013 were achieved, and even exceeded, by the Soviet Union a long time ago."
"In the 1970s, the Raduga Design Bureau began research and development work on a project whose purpose was to study the possibility of building a cruise missile capable of reaching a speed of Mach 5. At the time, this problem had seen practically no study. The US X-15 hypersonic aircraft of the 1960s proved a failure, due to the fact that it used a liquid-fueled jet engine. It was good for space flight, but for flights in the atmosphere, a scramjet engine was required, which would use as its oxidizing material air from the atmosphere, rather than liquefied oxygen from tanks."

Tuchkov recalled that in the 1980s, Raduga was able to create several prototypes of a hypersonic cruise missile meeting this criteria, known as the Kh-90. The cruise missile, with a planned speed of Mach 5, weighed 15 tons, had a length of 9 meters, a wingspan of 7 meters, and an estimated range of 3,000 km.
"Several test flights were carried out, during which speeds from Mach 3 up to Mach 4 were gradually achieved. But in spite of these results, the project was canceled in 1992 due to the cancellation of funding."
"The same fate also befell the work of the Baranov Central Institute of Aviation Motor Development," Tuchkov recalled. "In 1979, scramjet R&D work known as project 'Kholod' ('Cold') was begun, using cryogenics technology. On the basis of a 5B28 anti-aircraft missile from the S-200 air defense system, engineers created a flying laboratory, with several variants of a scramjet tested. The best results were achieved in 1998, when a speed of Mach 6.5 was reached."

At that point, engineers began research work on Kholod-2, whose technical plans called for reaching speeds up to Mach 14 (the theoretical ceiling of a scramjet is Mach 20). "But this was limited to the construction of a mockup model, shown at the Moscow MAKS airshow in 1999, and was also terminated due to 'lack of funds'."
The journalist emphasized that "the Russian engineers helped the Americans, who at that time called us their 'friends', tremendously. All the test results from the Kholod flying laboratory had been sold to the US. The last test, conducted in 1998, was conducted using US funding. In other words, they received access to the program's priceless documentation."
Nevertheless, Tuchkov added that documentation or not, US engineers haven't been able to match the Kholod program's record, with the X-51A clocking in a top speed of 'only' Mach 5.1.
"It's interesting," Tuchkov wrote, "that Russia is mentioned only in the title of Osborn's National Interest article," with no mention made of Russia's specific programs – particularly the Zircon anti-ship missile. There is simply no way that the American military expert doesn't know about it, he added.
The 3M22 Zircon was developed in the Moscow-region city of Reutov at the NPO Mashinostroyeniya rocket design bureau. Testing began in 2015, with five successful launches achieved so far.

Tuchkov recalled that "in the last of them, a speed of Mach 6 was recorded (it should be noted that information reported in April about speeds of Mach 8 have been refuted by developers). But given the possibility of maneuvered flight, a speed of Mach 6 is more than enough of a guarantee to overcome any anti-missile system. This includes not only systems that exist today, but those expected to appear over the next two decades. Different sources place the Zircon's range between 500 and 1,000 km."

The journalist noted that at the moment, "the Zircon is classified as an anti-ship missile. It is expected to be installed aboard two Project 1144 heavy missile cruises, the Peter the Great and the Admiral Nakhimov, replacing the Granit and Onyx missile systems. Another carrier for the hypersonic missile is planned – the prospective fifth generation Husky-class submarine, work on which is progressing at the St. Petersburg Marine Engineering Bureau."In the long run, air- and ground-based modifications of the Zircon will be created, with work on these also in progress, Tuchkov added.
"Zircon is a ready weapon in the testing phase," the expert stressed. "It is expected to be added into Russia's arsenal between 2018 and 2020. The US intends to respond to the Russian hypersonic missile in the mid-2020s. However, even these plans raise doubts."
"As mentioned above, the X-51A is not a concrete project that requires fine-tuning, but a flying laboratory. The US military industrial complex is developing a missile on the basis of the data obtained during the X-51A's tests. And developers are only at the very beginning of the road, as Russia was after the closure of the Kholod-2 program," Tuchkov concluded.

ssizz 发表于 2017-6-4 16:35 | 显示全部楼层
Lsquirrel 发表于 2017-6-4 15:02
Last week, Nat ...

纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 10:57 | 显示全部楼层
ssizz 发表于 2017-6-4 16:35

ssizz 发表于 2017-6-5 12:11 | 显示全部楼层
纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 10:57

纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 16:13 | 显示全部楼层
ssizz 发表于 2017-6-5 12:11

ssizz 发表于 2017-6-5 16:33 | 显示全部楼层
纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 16:13
不过也确实能吹一下,毕竟是第一个实现 ...

纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 16:39 | 显示全部楼层
ssizz 发表于 2017-6-5 16:33

中华土鸡 发表于 2017-6-5 20:57 | 显示全部楼层

haojiang77 发表于 2017-6-6 18:53 来自航空航天港手机版! | 显示全部楼层
纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 16:13
不过也确实能吹一下,毕竟是第一个实现 ...

haojiang77 发表于 2017-6-6 18:56 来自航空航天港手机版! | 显示全部楼层
纸飞机 发表于 2017-6-5 16:39
另外,有小道消息说锆石实际上是 ...

langge945 发表于 2017-7-22 15:44 | 显示全部楼层
“目前正对潜射导弹风暴进行升级改造,参数需要进行修正,同时它们被列入到了2018-2025年新版武器装备计划中”。该型导弹用于毁伤水上目标。能够装备舰船、潜艇。有效射程7km,水下发射深度达30m,战斗部质量210kg,直径543.4mm,长度8.2m,质量2700kg。(北京海鹰科技情报研究所  武坤琳)

丙辰之龙 发表于 2017-7-31 12:25 | 显示全部楼层
hu14 发表于 2018-1-17 16:49 | 显示全部楼层

俄新社莫斯科1月16日电 - 纳希莫夫海军上将号导弹巡洋舰前指挥官弗拉基米尔·瓦卢耶夫海军上将透露,俄罗斯海军重型核导弹巡洋舰将在六个月内安装3M22“锆石”反舰导弹。它的速度能够加速到5至10马赫,并能击中300-500公里范围内的目标。相比之下,目前俄罗斯海军装备的反舰导弹最多只有2-2.5马赫。他指出,2.5马赫的速度是现代防空装备的极限,而5马赫以上的导弹将是任何潜在的敌人无法防御的。
QGP! 发表于 2018-1-17 19:38 | 显示全部楼层
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