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[专题专项] 中国航天对外合作交流:中国和俄罗斯将兼容北斗-Glonass导航系统

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 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-10-1 13:18 | 显示全部楼层

俄航天署:俄罗斯不反对中国参与国际空间站合作

2010-09-29

俄新网RUSNEWS.CN莫斯科9月29日电 俄罗斯联邦航天署署长阿纳托利·佩尔米诺夫在国际航天会议上表示,中国未必愿意参与国际空间站建设和开发计划。

佩尔米诺夫说:“我赞成中国参与国际空间站计划。但是,考虑到中国今天的经济发展及其在载人航天领域的宏伟计划,我想中国是不会参与的。”

在周一举行的世界主要航天署领导人会议上讨论了其他国家可能参与国际空间站合作的问题,比如印度和中国。
shibuguo2 发表于 2010-10-2 07:57 | 显示全部楼层
真的有可能合作?双方应该都是很明白的吧
hkhtg090201 发表于 2010-10-8 15:19 | 显示全部楼层
美国航天局长(查尔司.伯尔登)计划这个月访问中国.

U.S. Lawmaker Balks at NASA Chief’s China Visit

By Amy Klamper
   ShareThis


WASHINGTON — NASA Administrator Charles Bolden’s plan to visit China this month for high-level talks about possible cooperation on human spaceflight has prompted a senior Republican appropriator to request a security briefing on the trip before it happens.

In an Oct. 5 letter to the NASA chief, Rep. Frank Wolf (R-Va.) said he strongly opposes any partnership with Beijing that involves human spaceflight, including efforts to involve China in the international space station.

“I need not remind you that no such planning or coordination has been approved by the Congress,” wrote Wolf, the ranking member on the House Appropriations commerce, justice, science subcommittee that oversees NASA spending. “In fact, several recent NASA authorization bills have explicitly sought to place strict limitations on coordination with China.”

Wolf, an outspoken China critic, is likely to return to the chairmanship of the NASA appropriations subcommittee next year if Democrats lose control of the House in upcoming November elections.

In his letter to Bolden, Wolf cited a Sept. 27 Aviation Week and Space Technology report that revealed details of the trip, currently planned for Oct. 16-21, and an Oct. 1 NASA white paper the lawmaker said downplays the trip’s significance.

“It should go without saying that NASA has no business cooperating with the Chinese regime on human spaceflight,” Wolf wrote. “China is taking an increasingly aggressive posture globally, and their interests rarely intersect with ours. The U.S. intelligence community notes that China’s attempts to spy on U.S. agencies are the most aggressive of all foreign intelligence organizations. China’s aerospace industry for decades has provided missile technologies and equipment to rogue regimes like Iran and North Korea.”

According to the Oct. 1 white paper, Bolden’s visit will involve “initial discussions with the China Manned Space Engineering Office” and site visits to human spaceflight facilities.

“This will be introductory and will not include consideration of specific proposals for human space flight cooperation,” the white paper states, adding that Chinese government officials are expected to pay a visit to NASA facilities in November.

The United States and China agreed to the reciprocal visits last November during President Barack Obama’s visit to Beijing.

Bolden would not be the first NASA administrator to visit China. His predecessor, Mike Griffin, led a NASA delegation there in 2006 to meet with Chinese space officials.

The NASA white paper says potential engagement with China in the area of human spaceflight would be conditioned on the transparency of the communist country’s space activities. The white paper also says bilateral cooperation is consistent with new guidance contained in the U.S. national space policy issued by the White House in June. The policy called for NASA to “expand international cooperation on mutually beneficial space activities to: broaden and extend the benefits of space; further the peaceful use of space; and enhance collection and partnership in sharing of space-derived information.”

In his letter, Wolf reminded Bolden of written testimony provided to the subcommittee earlier this year in which the NASA administrator assured lawmakers the agency had not had “any human spaceflight-related discussions” with China.

Wolf called for a briefing to the Congress on the nature of the planned discussions with Chinese officials and asked that Bolden respond in writing to clarify the scope of the “introductory” discussions scheduled to take place.

“Specifically, please provide a summary of information about the U.S. human spaceflight program that will be provided to the Chinese government, including non-public technical, operational or strategic information,” Wolf wrote. “I would appreciate a detailed list of the NASA facilities that Chinese officials will be invited to visit, including a summary of the security precautions that will be put in place to protect sensitive spaceflight information.”
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-10-11 14:42 | 显示全部楼层

初步探讨载人航天领域合作的可能性是NASA局长Charles Bolden访华会谈的内容之一

Human Spaceflight on Agenda for Bolden’s China Trip


:: 10.10.2010


As NASA Administrator Charles Bolden prepares to depart for China for talks about possible Sino-U.S. cooperation in areas including human spaceflight, agency and White House officials are taking care to temper expectations about what the discussions might yield.

Damon Wells, a senior space policy analyst in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, cautioned that numerous legal and policy challenges must be addressed before the United States can forge a cooperative partnership in human spaceflight with the Chinese. During a two-day meeting of the U.S. Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee here Oct. 6-7, Wells made no mention of Bolden’s travel plans, but said in response to a committee member’s question that inviting Beijing to participate in the international space station program is “a very complex issue” here and in China.

“Those challenges touch issues like the need for more transparency in the Chinese program, nonproliferation questions — there’s a wide swath of issues that make this a very complex problem,” Wells said in response to a question from a committee member. “I don’t know when we’d be far enough along the path for that to make sense and where we’d make enough progress on those issues for that to make sense. I see the arena and I see the challenges and I just don’t know how to answer your question beyond that.”

Wells’ comments came just over a week before Bolden’s scheduled Oct. 16-21 visit for introductory talks with officials in the Chinese space agency. The talks were called for in a joint U.S.-China statement issued by the White House last fall following the official state visit to Beijing by U.S. President Barack Obama.

“The United States and China look forward to expanding discussions on space science cooperation and starting a dialogue on human space flight and space exploration, based on the principles of transparency, reciprocity and mutual benefit,” the document states. “Both sides welcome reciprocal visits of the NASA Administrator and the appropriate Chinese counterpart in 2010.”

But it remains unclear whether Bolden is making his trip at the behest of the White House or on his own initiative. White House spokesman Nicholas Shapiro declined to comment on Bolden’s China visit and referred media queries to NASA. When asked about Bolden’s trip NASA spokesman Michael Cabbage referred to last November’s joint U.S.-China communique that calls for expanded discussions on human spaceflight cooperation.

Cabbage said the trip “is being coordinated with all appropriate government agencies,” even as a senior Republican lawmaker requested a security briefing on the visit before it happens.

In an Oct. 5 letter to Bolden, U.S. Rep. Frank Wolf (R-Va.) said he strongly opposes any partnership with Beijing that involves human spaceflight.

“I need not remind you that no such planning or coordination has been approved by the Congress,” wrote Wolf, the ranking member on the House Appropriations subcommittee that oversees NASA spending. “In fact, several recent NASA authorization bills have explicitly sought to place strict limitations on coordination with China.”

Wolf, an outspoken China critic, is in position to become chairman of the subcommittee next year if Democrats lose control of the House in the November elections.

“It should go without saying that NASA has no business cooperating with the Chinese regime on human spaceflight,” Wolf wrote.

Cabbage said NASA is currently preparing a response to Wolf’s letter.

During a U.S. visit in April, a top Chinese space official said Beijing has established a good working relationship with space agencies in Russia, France, Germany and other countries, and that China looks forward to working with the United States in space science and manned exploration efforts in the future.

Citing the 2009 joint U.S.-China statement, Wang Wenbao, head of China’s Manned Space Engineering Office, said China is looking forward to a visit from Bolden later this year.

“This forms an important foundation for both sides to carry out manned space cooperation,” he said.

According to an Oct. 1 NASA white paper detailing Bolden’s trip, the visit will involve “initial discussions” with Chinese human spaceflight officials and site visits to human spaceflight facilities.

This will be introductory and will not include consideration of specific proposals for human spaceflight cooperation,” the paper states, adding that Chinese government officials are expected to pay a visit to NASA facilities in November.

The white paper also asserts that engagement with China in human spaceflight would be tied to the transparency of the communist country’s space activities.

Bolden would not be the first NASA administrator to visit China. His predecessor, Mike Griffin, led a NASA delegation there in 2006 to meet with Chinese space officials. Griffin said discussions during the trip with his then-Chinese counterpart, Sun Laiyan, provided insight into the Chinese space program.

“One of the most important aspects of our trip is the opportunity to gain better transparency and trust,” Griffin said in a statement posted on NASA’s website following his visit.

In an Oct. 8 e-mailed response to a Space News query, Griffin said his trip to China was “both very valuable and very enjoyable. Our team planted the seeds for scientific cooperation, and allowed each side to gain a bit of insight into the other’s perspective. Overall, it was well worth the effort.

We were not able to make any significant progress toward working together in human spaceflight. Indeed, our request to tour China’s human spaceflight facilities was declined. I hope that this subsequent visit by a new Administrator will prove more fruitful in that respect.”
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-10-13 16:13 | 显示全部楼层

美国议员反对航空航天局长访问中国

2010年10月12日    记者: 美国之 音 | 华盛顿

美国国会众议员约翰·克伯森反对美国航空航天局局长这个星期访问中国,他说他对中国的太空计划感到严重关注。克伯森是决定美国航天局预算的一个国会小组委员会的成员。

来自德克萨斯州的共和党众议员约翰·克伯森在给奥巴马总统的一封信中说,有关这次访问的情况应该首先向国会介绍。他提出了美国华盛顿时报去年发表的一篇报导。报导援引中国一名空军司令员有关军事扩张和太空竞争的讲话。克伯森称这类言论“令人震惊”。

美国航空航天局局长博尔登定于这个星期晚些时候前往中国,和中国官员就美中在载人空间任务上进行合作举行会谈。
rottenweed 发表于 2010-10-13 17:10 | 显示全部楼层
美国那个螺丝钉限制法案都不取消的话,谈何合作。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-10-21 18:45 | 显示全部楼层

美国国家航空航天局局长率团访华

2010年10月21日

  新华网北京10月21日电(李清华、张利文)应中国载人航天工程办公室邀请,18日至21日,美国国家航空航天局局长查尔斯·博尔登率团来华进行了友好访问。

  访问期间,中国载人航天工程办公室相关负责人与查尔斯·博尔登一行进行了工作会谈,双方介绍了本国载人航天发展基本情况,并就在载人航天领域开展国际合作有关问题交换了看法。

  查尔斯·博尔登一行还参观了我国载人航天相关设施,并与国家航天局有关负责人进行了会谈


  应查尔斯·博尔登邀请,中国载人航天工程代表团将于今年适当时候访问美国。
ssizz 发表于 2010-10-21 19:03 | 显示全部楼层
这么快就回访
看来这事儿挺紧的
他看了什么设施,可能要等美国媒体来报道了
ssizz 发表于 2010-10-21 19:16 | 显示全部楼层
唔,这话说偏了
http://www.cmse.gov.cn/news/show.php?itemid=1092
这里就有比较详细的
hkhtg090201 发表于 2010-10-21 20:04 | 显示全部楼层

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ssizz 发表于 2010-10-21 20:16 | 显示全部楼层
我不大记得住人
楼上给提示一下
hkhtg090201 发表于 2010-10-21 20:36 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 hkhtg090201 于 2010-10-21 20:37 编辑

中间女的,佩吉.惠特森,ISS第16探险队队长,经常在NasaTV出境.
Astronaut Peggy A. Whitson, Expedition 16 commander

http://spaceflight1.nasa.gov/gal ... ew-16/ndxpage1.html
hkhtg090201 发表于 2010-10-21 20:42 | 显示全部楼层
右边的老头,也经常在宇航员出征、归来时(包括Soyuz TMA)迎送,好象主管美国航天的载人部分。
zhang 发表于 2010-10-21 22:16 | 显示全部楼层


William H. Gerstenmaier 现在是 Associate Administrator, 以前是 ISS Program Manager
zhang 发表于 2010-10-21 22:21 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 zhang 于 2010-10-21 22:23 编辑



Peggy Whitson 现在是 NASA Chief Astronaut, 女性宇航员最长 EVA 累计时间纪录保持者,俗称 Queen of EVA
hkhtg090201 发表于 2010-10-21 22:28 | 显示全部楼层
原来这2者职务都升迁了,难怪成为访问随员。
zhang 发表于 2010-10-21 22:36 | 显示全部楼层


Michael F. O'Brien

Associate Administrator for International and Interagency Relations
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-11-1 09:24 | 显示全部楼层

中国正在掀开本国宇航史的新一页

30.10.2010, 14:39

        中国正在掀开本国宇航史的新一页。在北京业已正式宣布开始创建有人生活的空间站工作,这个空间站应于2020年以前建成。
       7年前,对航空计划投入数十亿美元资金的中国,成了继俄罗斯和美国之后的第三个独自往外层空间发送人的国家。从那时起,中国又实现了2次载人的宇宙航行,其中包括出舱、进入开旷宇宙空间,并往近月飞行轨道上发射2个探测器。在2012年,中国计划把自己的月球车发射到地球上的卫星上,而在2017年实现载人的月球飞行,这将是中国颇为自负的宇航计划的顶峰。

       中国的宇航计划倚靠俄国的经验和工艺。在中国人们从未讳言这一点,虽然力求不特别宣扬这件事。俄国的专家,“俄国兵器出口公司”的总专家巴索夫指出了这一点,他提示说,还在1957年莫斯科当局就把苏联学者研制的2枚成批生产的P-2式弹道火箭交给了中国“小弟弟”。在1963年,在苏联,在切洛梅伊院士领导下创制了用于作战的“YP-200式”火箭;过了四十年,这种火箭的设计在很大程度上重现在把中国公民送进外层空间的“长征”火箭上。

       巴索夫说,中国至今仍向我们求助,不论是在训练宇航员方面或者在创制宇航器的问题上,其中包括创制宇航服,创制普通的宇宙服和出舱进入开矿宇宙空间时所穿的宇宙服。例如,为了在开旷宇宙空间里工作。取用俄国的“海鹰-M”宇宙服做基础,而“神州”飞船的设计基础,则是俄国的“联盟TM”飞船,中国购买了“联盟TM”式飞船,然后改进了它使之更为完善

        俄国不反对这种抄袭、借用。并准备不仅把自己的工艺传授给中国,而且同中国一起进行宇宙考察。而且在题目上没有任何限制,据俄国的这位专家说,目前,俄中两国正在宇宙考察的21个方向合作。正在实现以中国利用俄国学者的研制成果为基础的13项共同计划,例如,这里指的是自动通信卫星,远程通信卫星,以及火箭发动机的某些部件。这些合作项目都带着长期性质

       俄国并非世界上唯一的宇航大国,但西方与俄国不同,根本不想帮助中国实现它的宇航计划。第一,这是由于现有的政治限制,其次,由于不愿在外层空间有多余的竞争者。中国理解这一点,并公开地声称,它对同俄国合作感兴趣,兴趣是相互的,考虑到中国在火箭和宇航方面很大的预算,在这方面同东方的这个邻国合作能给俄国带来不错的利润。
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 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-11-2 17:03 | 显示全部楼层

俄航天署:中国方面未提出过参与ISS项目合作的正式建议

Roscosmos to Discuss Future Joint Space Initiatives with China

:: 01.11.2010


There was no official proposal from the Chinese party on their partnership in the International Space Station program, Head of Roscosmos Human Spaceflight Directorate, ISS Program Manager Alexey Krasnov stated during the press conference devoted to the 10th anniversary of the International Space Station’s human space mission today, on Nov. 1.

The conference hosted by Bauman Moscow State Technical University was also attended by Roscosmos Press Secretary Alexander Vorobiev, ISS-1 crew member, GCTC Chief Sergey Krikalev, ISS RS Flight Director Vladimir Soloviev, cosmonaut Oleg Kotov, NASA Representative in Russia Patric Buzzard, NASA Human Spaceflight Program Director in Russia Joel Montalbano Moscow office.

Answering the question about possible Chinese participation in the ISS program, Krasnov said that China was planning to develop their own human spaceflight program, in line with their national priorities.

“While I an answering the question, Roscosmos delegation led by the Head Anatoly Perminov, is over there in China, holding negotiations on future joint space initiatives. However human space missions are not in the agenda”, Krasnov said.
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