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[专题专项] 俄罗斯新一代载人飞船——Federatsiya/federation/联邦

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 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-2-21 15:21 | 显示全部楼层

2016年俄罗斯将发射新的载人飞船ACTS

OFFICIAL: 2016 launch of pure-Russian ACTS


By Rob Coppinger on January 26, 2009

cstsW445.jpg
credit Energia / caption: First seen at Farnborough air show 2008, will this design change?

A prime contractor is to be picked for Russia's Advanced Crew Transportation System (ACTS) following a meeting of the Russian Federal Space Agency's (Roscosmo) scientific and engineering boards. The maiden flight is expected around 2016 and its development schedule and design will be ready next year, according to the head of Roscosmos Anatoly Perminov
ACTS is Russia's name for what the European Space Agency (ESA) referred to as Crew Space Transportation System aka CSTS. Hyperbola understands that tensions between the two arose over ESA's interest in capsule technologies. And Russia's insistence that it only wanted western European electronics for the vehicle and the service module was where ESA should focus its work. The Russian demand that only a new Russian rocket launch ACTS/CSTS was apparently another stumbling block

Under its new three-year budget ESA has some
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-2-22 11:20 | 显示全部楼层
欧洲研究载人飞船?技术来自哪里?何时才能成功?
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-3-11 09:09 | 显示全部楼层

俄航天署计划新一代载人飞船于2015年进行首次飞行试验,2018年投入运行

Roskosmos has announced a tender for the creation of a new space ship


2009/03/05
  
Federal Space Agency announced a tender for the creation of a new Russian space shuttle. About Interfax reports with reference to the head of the management of manned programs Roscosmos Alexei Krasnov.

According Krasnova, sketch a draft should be ready in 2010, and flight testing is scheduled to begin in 2015. In 2018 due to start operation of the spacecraft.

Roscosmos representative said that the Government fully supported the decision and provided additional funding for the project. According Krasnova if the operation of the International Space Station is extended until the year 2020, the new spacecraft will be used to deliver crews to orbit.

原文链接:http://lenta.ru/news/2009/03/05/ship1/
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-3-11 09:13 | 显示全部楼层
The new Russian space shuttle must be set up for 2 years


18:18 05/03/2009

MOSCOW, March 5 - RIA Novosti. The tender for the creation of a new manned space vehicle will be held in 2009, the ship should be established for two years, told reporters on Thursday, head of manned programs Roscosmos Alexei Krasnov.

"The tender is announced, we will hold it this year, promising a ship should be established and this year, or by the end of 2010, - he said.

According to him, in 2015, the ship must undergo flight tests, but by 2017 it is planned to be operational for flights to the International Space Station.

Russia now uses the spacecraft "Soyuz".

"Funding provided to us. It is better than two or three years ago when we first took up this project", - said Krasnov.

This will be the second tender, as submitted by the first draft did not satisfy the requirements Roscosmos.

Previously, it was reported that a new manned spacecraft, and will require a new launch vehicle to launch a mass of not less than 23 tons. Launches to be carried out already with the new Russian cosmodrome "East."

Producer of the new ship will be the Russian Rocket and Space Corporation Energia.

The manned transportation system includes the creation of a new manned and transport ships to deliver goods. The project may be created by RSC Energia new reusable manned spacecraft, which earlier had the working title "Clipper".

The new ship will be able to go into space and return immediately, six people - is now the number of seats in the cabs of all "Union" is limited to three seats.

This is particularly important because this year the ISS crew to increase from three to six people.

In addition, the space shuttle, in contrast to the "Union", will be reusable.

The new space system may be used for flights to the Moon and Mars.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-3-11 09:23 | 显示全部楼层

“能源”(Energia)公司和M.V.Hrunicheva公司参与竞标俄新一代载人飞船

Two Russian companies will take part in the tender Roscosmos to create a manned space vehicle of new generation - A. Perminov


2009/3/9
  
      Two Russian companies will take part in the tender Roscosmos to create a manned space ship a new generation. It was reported today, the head of the Federal Space Agency / Roskosmos / Anatoly Perminov, after open-class youth selects space ", ITAR-TASS.

      "Tender virtually declared, and everyone will be in it" - he said. Chapter Roscosmos, however, that the wish of all the two - Rocket and Space Corporation Energia im.Koroleva and State Space Scientific Production Center im.Hrunicheva. The program of a new manned transport system included not only a new ship, but also a new launch vehicle, and a new launch site for this missile, recalled A. Perminov.

      "The creation of the ship would entail the creation of a new launcher and a new launch site. All this is included in the design and we must address these issues prior to 2011", - said A. Perminov. Now there is a "choice of a launch vehicle for the new ship." The main developer of a new manned vehicle system, the head of Roscosmos, will Samara company TSSKB "Progress", but may be involved, and the Center Khrunichev - for engines and chassis. "

      Previously, A. Perminov said that Russia is likely to develop a new manned spacecraft itself, and it appears to 2016 A. Perminov recalled that "The European Space Agency / ESA / ministerial member countries at the end of November in 2008 decided to establish gruzovozvraschaemoy capsules on the basis of a European cargo spacecraft ATV, followed by the possibility of a manned version. "We conducted a preliminary analysis of options for a future manned transport system to fly into Earth orbit and expeditions to the moon - he said. - It is likely that Russia will develop a new manned spacecraft independently.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-4-5 09:30 | 显示全部楼层

周一俄罗斯将披露新一代载人飞船计划

本帖最后由 jingyan66 于 2009-4-5 09:33 编辑

Russia to unveil spaceship plans


Page last updated at 09:17 GMT, Friday, 3 April 2009 10:17 UK
By Anatoly Zak
Science reporter
_45630214_f921faa8-7035-41fc-b7ca-68105cc5dee2.jpg
The new ship would be launched towards the end of the next decade


The Russian space agency is expected to unveil development plans for a next-generation manned spacecraft on Monday.

Roscosmos should name the ship's prime developer, which has competed to win government funds for the project.

The proposed new spacecraft should enter into service sometime towards the end of the next decade.

It will replace the venerable three-seat Soyuz capsule, which has carried Russian cosmonauts into orbit for more than four decades.

Although Roscosmos has remained tight-lipped about the upcoming presentation, the agency has quietly released its requirements for a future manned transport system to the Russian space industry.

In doing so, the agency has shed some light on the ship's likely design and its possible missions.

The spacecraft, currently known only by the Russian abbreviation PPTS, for Prospective Piloted Transport System, would be able to reach low-Earth orbit or to enter orbit around the Moon.

Several configurations

The Earth-orbiting version of the ship would have a mass of 12 tonnes, carry a crew of six, along with no less than 500kg of cargo; while its "lunar cousin" would weigh 16.5 tonnes, have four seats and be capable of delivering and bringing back 100kg of cargo.

The unmanned cargo version of the vehicle would be required to carry no less than 2,000kg to Earth orbit, and return at least 500kg back to the planet's surface.

Roscosmos has reserved the option of making the crew module of the spacecraft reusable, reckoning that a cone-shaped capsule could fly up to 10 missions during its 15-year lifespan.

In providing the technical specifications for the new spacecraft, the agency has also given a glimpse of its vision for the future of the Russian space programme.

Although the most capable version of the ship is meant to support expeditions to the Moon, "intermediate" configurations are intended for a variety of other tasks.

For example, the agency wants the future developer to evaluate the possibility of sending the ship into high-inclination orbits extending towards Earth's poles, usually frequented by Earth-observation and spy satellites.

While in Earth's orbit, the new spacecraft would have to be able to fly 30-day-long autonomous missions; or stay no less than a year in space when it is docked to the International Space Station, or to a possible future Russian space station. (Currently, Soyuz spacecraft, which serve as "lifeboats" for the International Space Station, have to be replaced roughly every six months due to potential deterioration of some of their systems, such as batteries and propellant).

Martian possibilities

In addition to docking to the station, the spacecraft would have to be able to conduct servicing of unmanned vehicles in space and even remove pieces of space junk from their orbits, as well as conduct unspecified military tasks.

The lunar version of the ship would be capable of flying no less than 200 days in space when docked to a space station in orbit around the Moon.

A number of Russian reports have described recent studies looking at the possibility of a lunar orbital station, LOS. Such an outpost would also serve as a hub for lunar modules, which would deliver crews from lunar orbit to the surface of the Moon.

The 200-day mission requirement probably provides some hint about Russian plans to eventually build a permanently occupied lunar outpost, similar to Nasa's lunar base developed under its Constellation programme.

In a recent interview with the ITAR-TASS news agency, Aleksei Krasnov, the head of the manned space flight directorate at Roscosmos, said that the future spacecraft could serve as the "core" technology for a future Martian mission.

This apparently referred to the role that the vehicle might play as a delivery and return craft for the large complex that would be needed to raise a manned assault on the Red Planet.

By the time the new Russian spacecraft could enter service around 2018, the Soyuz family will have logged more than half a century in service.

In recent years, Russia and Europe did look at the possibility of developing the next-generation vehicle together, but the two parties could not agree on the work share. Europe will now separately pursue the possibility of upgrading its robotic ATV space freighter to a manned ship, but still using some Russian technology.

Powerful launcher

As reported by BBC News last month, Roscosmos has already completed a tender for the new rocket that would carry the future manned vehicles into space.

Although the agency has delayed the announcement of the winner until at least 6 April, many unofficial sources in Russia maintain that TsSKB Progress, based in Samara, will lead the development of the new rocket.

It is believed that the launch vehicle will feature a three-booster first-stage, each booster equipped with powerful RD-180 engines, burning a mix of liquid oxygen and kerosene.

The engine was originally developed by Moscow-based NPO Energomash for the US Atlas 5 rocket and its performance to date has been impressive.

Ironically, Russian officials rejected a design of the yet-to-be flown Angara rocket that featured the RD-180. Now, the power plant, which has earned such a fine reputation across the Atlantic, could return vindicated to its native land

The second stage of the new manned rocket would probably sport a pair of RD-0124 engines, currently in use on the Soyuz-2 rocket. Thus, both stages of the future launcher would be equipped with the newest existing power plants, greatly reducing the cost and the risk to the overall project.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-4-5 09:53 | 显示全部楼层

英媒:俄下代空间站十年后建成 可入月球轨道

2009年4月4日   环球时报-环球网


  据英国BBC网站报道,俄罗斯航天局即将公布新一代载人空间站的设计方案。预料新空间站将于大约十年后投入服务。

  届时俄罗斯航天局将会公布空间站主体中标开发商。新空间站将会取代已经服役40多年,载送俄罗斯宇航员上太空的三座位联盟号空间站。

  英媒称,这个空间站暂时以俄罗斯缩写PTTS命名,除了可以飞抵地球低轨道,还可以进入月球轨道。环绕地球的空间站重12吨,载员六人,可以搭载不少于500公斤货物;月球型号重16.5吨,载员四人,可以搭载货物100公斤。空间站的船员仓可回收再用,圆锥形的船员仓可能在15年的寿命中进行10次飞行任务。
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-4-5 10:12 | 显示全部楼层
2009年4月4日   环球时报-环球网


  据英国BBC网站报道,俄罗斯航天局即将公布新一代载人空间站的设计方案。预料新空间站将于大约十年后投入服务。

  届时俄罗斯航天局将会公布空间站主体中标开发商。新空 ...
jingyan66 发表于 2009-4-5 09:53

俄罗斯下一代飞船吧?这记者水平也太成问题了。。。。
cmj9808 发表于 2009-4-5 11:05 | 显示全部楼层
火箭:Atlas V heavy +液氧煤油上面级(2 RD-0124)
飞船:ACTS derived,Orionski  
完全成熟技术,RD-191和Kliper都出局了?等待下周的细节
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-4-6 21:21 | 显示全部楼层
今天星期一
------------
另:
俄研制出飞船外壳“自我修复”新材料  
2009年04月06日 18:48:44  来源:新华网  
    新华网莫斯科4月6日电(记者聂云鹏)俄罗斯中央机器制造科学研究所6日说,该研究所专家已经研制出可“自我修复”的飞船外壳新材料。

    研发小组专家费尔德施泰因介绍说,这种新材料的“自我修复”能力与人体皮肤遭受轻微损伤时的自行修复功能类似。目前,这种材料尚处于试验的最初阶段,它将应用于未来的飞船和空间站,在飞船或空间站外壳因微小陨石或太空垃圾撞击而遭受轻微损坏时,它将能自动收缩修复至原来状态,从而恢复其密封性。

    太空垃圾或微小陨石是国际空间站面临的巨大威胁。2007年6月,空间站两名宇航员在进行太空行走时,就在空间站外壳发现了一个形似弹孔的小洞,有关专家认为可能是微小陨石撞击所致。

    目前,国际空间站外壳采用防护板来抵挡太空碎片或微小陨石的撞击,这使得空间站外壳被击穿的几率降为3%。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-4-7 12:44 | 显示全部楼层

俄罗斯新一代载人飞船方案竞标:能源公司胜出

Create a space ship will be the future of RSC Energia

19:33 06/04/2009

MOSCOW, April 6 - RIA Novosti. Rocket and Space Corporation (RSC) Energia has won the competition announced by the Federal Space Agency of Russia on the sketch design of a new manned space vehicle, told the RIA news management Roscosmos manned programs.

"The contest, which involved the two leading Russian space company RKK Energia and Khrunichev Center is completed. The winner is announced RSC Energia - said the agency interlocutor.

Head of the manned program Roscosmos Alexei Krasnov confirmed this, adding that on Tuesday the results of the tender will be published on the website of the Federal Space Agency.

Terms of the contract for the design sketch - from March 2009 to June 2010. Contract price - 800 million rubles.

This is the second tender for the creation of a spacecraft, as well as the first option presented by RSC Energia, Khrunichev Center and the NGO "Lightning" does not satisfy all the requests Roscosmos.

The manned transportation system includes the creation of a new manned and transport ships. It is possible that the project will have created RSC Energia reusable manned spacecraft, which earlier had the working title "Clipper".

It is anticipated that the new ship, which is projected capital multiple system will be able to go into orbit and to return immediately, six people - is now the number of places on ships such as "Soyuz-TMA" is limited to three seats. This is especially important, since 2009, ISS crew to increase from three to six people.

The new space system can be used for flights to the Moon.

In addition, already announced as the winner of the tender for the creation of a new rocket and space complex for the new Russian cosmodrome "East" in the Amur region, where in the long run will start and a new manned spacecraft.

Determined that the parent company in co-operation will Samara Design Bureau Federal State Unitary Enterprise "TSSKB-Progress", a famous designer of the launch vehicle "Soyuz". Currently Roscosmos finalized design contract with TSSKB-Progress "to develop a sketch project.

The construction of the cosmodrome "East" in the Amur region to begin in 2010. The first unmanned launch is scheduled in 2015 and since 2018 it will launch new ships with the cosmonauts.


链接:http://rian.ru/science/20090406/167279691.html
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-4-7 12:49 | 显示全部楼层

能源公司新一代载人飞船的方案设计工作应在2010年6月前完成,设计费用8亿卢布

In the space will be «Energy»


It became known, who will design the latest Russian space ship

In Monday, April 6 Competition Commission of the Federal Space Agency (Roskosmos) has chosen an organization that will perform sketch design of a new manned space vehicle. The applications filed by two companies - RAC «Energy» and GKNPTS behalf Khrunichev. By decision of the Commission, the project to realize the designers «Energy». In Roscosmos correspondent «Newspapers» reported that the sketch design of the ship should be completed by June 2010. At the design work provided a budget of 800 million rubles.

Earlier, Deputy General Designer of RSC «Energia» Valery Ryumin said «Gazeta», believes that this amount is not enough: according to the calculations of experts RAC, funds allocated to 30% less than required.

New manned spacecraft would be able to carry crew of six and returned goods up to 500 kg. According to Ryumina, technical capabilities enable it to ship to fly to the moon and even beyond. The unit will start with a new cosmodrome in the Amur Region of East, the construction of which is scheduled for 2010. The right to create a launcher for the new ship is literally a few days ago received a rocket-Samara Space Center «TSSKB Progress». «Rocket Space Complex middle class increased weight of new generation» Samarskiye professionals will create, together with colleagues from the RAC and JSC «GRTS Makeeva».

«Rockets, who now fly, create another Queen, and it took about 60 years - said« Gazeta »Representative« TSSKB Progress ». - We will have a new hardware, new control system, a new scheme of dividing the missiles ». According to a source, in September next year, the Center should create and submit a sketch to the protection of the project. In this work allocated 145 million rubles. According to the interlocutor «Gazeta», this is quite sufficient. Since 2015, the cosmodrome Vostochny first planned launch of space vehicles, and from 2018 will begin flying manned ships.

链接:http://gzt.ru/science/2009/04/06/223019.html
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-4-8 08:53 | 显示全部楼层
Soyuz successor contract awarded

last updated at 10:47 GMT, Tuesday, 7 April 2009 11:47 UK


                               
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The new ship would be launched towards the end of the next decade


RSC Energia has been selected to lead the development of a next-generation Russian manned spacecraft.  The company was selected by the federal space agency, Roscosmos, on Monday.

The new ship will be capable of taking six cosmonauts to low-Earth orbit, and a variant would also be required to reach the Moon.

The spacecraft will replace the venerable three-seat Soyuz capsule, which has carried Russian cosmonauts into orbit for more than four decades.

Energia produced the very first series of Soyuz capsules in the late 1960s.

The new spacecraft, currently known only by the Russian abbreviation PPTS, is likely to fly before the end of the next decade.

The Earth-orbiting version of the ship would probably have a mass of 12 tonnes, carry a crew of six, along with no less than 500kg of cargo; while its "lunar cousin" would weigh 16.5 tonnes, have four seats and be capable of delivering and bringing back 100kg of cargo.

An unmanned cargo version of the vehicle would be required to carry no less than 2,000kg to Earth orbit, and return at least 500kg back to the planet's surface.

The Russian effort parallels that of the US which is in the process of developing its own next-generation spacecraft, known as Orion.

The initial feasibility study runs until June next year and is funded to the value of 800m roubles (17m euros; $23m; £16m)

In recent years, Russia and Europe did look at the possibility of developing a vehicle together, but the two parties could not agree on the work share.

Europe will now separately pursue the possibility of upgrading its robotic ATV space freighter to a manned ship, but still using some Russian technology.

European member states approved a limited development fund for the project at their ministerial meeting in The Hague last November.
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-4-8 09:10 | 显示全部楼层
酷Cool !! 返回舱的形状比现今联盟有很大改变。
cmj9808 发表于 2009-4-8 11:03 | 显示全部楼层
这只是想象图,能源上次投标的方案是klipper。
shh 发表于 2009-4-8 15:45 | 显示全部楼层
Klipper 是不是就玩完了?
rottenweed 发表于 2009-4-8 16:43 | 显示全部楼层
Klipper自个还不能单独完成对接,还要靠太空拖船。
俄罗斯可能觉得同时上一批项目太花钱了?
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-4-8 17:13 | 显示全部楼层

俄罗斯航天局授出新飞船合同

2009-04-08

      [据BBC2009年4月7日报道] 能源公司(RSC Energia)4月6日被俄罗斯航天局选中来开发俄罗斯下一代载人飞船。能源公司在上世纪六十年代末制造出了第一批联盟飞船。

      新一代飞船将能够搭载六名宇航员飞往低地球轨道,它的变型体还可以用于登陆月球。该新型飞船将替代已经运行四十多年的三座联盟飞船。新飞船(俄罗斯简称为PPTS)可能在十年内起飞。

      “地球轨道型”的飞船可能重12吨,可携带六名宇航员和至少500公斤的货物。而“月球型”的飞船将重16.5吨,有四个座位,能够往返运输100公斤的货物。“非载人货船型”飞船的地球轨道运载能力不低于2000公斤,最少能运回500公斤的货物。

      初步的可行性研究将持续到2010年6月,投资约2300万美元。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-4-9 09:02 | 显示全部楼层

俄新一代载人飞船“罗斯”(RUS)将用于探月活动

本帖最后由 jingyan66 于 2009-4-9 09:22 编辑

2009年04月08日   新华网   


    新华网莫斯科4月8日电(记者聂云鹏)俄罗斯联邦航天署载人航天项目主管克拉斯诺夫8日透露说,俄罗斯将研制的新一代载人飞船名称暂定为“罗斯”,它将不仅用于近地轨道飞行,还将用于月球开发。

    克拉斯诺夫当天在一个新闻发布会上介绍说,这种新式载人飞船将能够同时把6名宇航员送至地球低轨道,或者把4名宇航员送至近月轨道。同时,飞船返回地面时货物装载能力也将有所加强,将能够携带500公斤的货物,而目前的俄“联盟”载人飞船返航时仅能携带250公斤的货物

    俄“能源”火箭航天企业总裁兼总设计师维塔利·洛波塔在发布会上表示,俄罗斯新一代载人飞船将采纳俄罗斯各大航天企业的最新科技,其外观将于2010年底对外公布。他透露说新飞船外观与美国正在研制当中的下一代载人航天器“奥赖恩”类似。

    谈到国际空间站退役后的问题,克拉斯诺夫表示,俄计划建造新轨道空间站替换退役后的国际空间站。他介绍说,新的轨道站将同国际空间站一样成为科学试验基地,此外它还将扮演“太空飞船组装车间”的角色,为星际旅行及探月做准备。

    克拉斯诺夫此前曾表示,俄航天署已经就建造新轨道空间站问题制定出相应规划。不过他强调,该计划尚处于讨论阶段,并未获得政府的批准。他并未说明俄罗斯是否计划与其他国家一起合作建造新轨道空间站。
songliang 发表于 2009-4-9 09:18 | 显示全部楼层
后部像是充气结构啊!!!
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