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[专题专项] NASA的人事/预算/决策专题(更新:National Space Council重新组建)

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cmj9808 发表于 2009-1-7 11:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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NASA: Mike Griffin out, Charlie Bolden in?(格里芬下台,查理.博尔顿接替?)

When Barrack Obama takes the Oath of Office on January 20, NASA Administrator Mike Griffin will be clearing out the last of his possessions from his office and heading off to a new career in either academia or the aerospace business.
At least, that’s the word circulating in the halls of power in Washington and among some of the better-connected space industry poobahs. And though there's no official confirmation from either Griffin or Obama's transition team, that hasn't stopped folks from insisting that it's so.
According to these sources, Griffin’s resignation will be accepted on January 20, along with those of other Bush presidential appointees. He will be replaced as acting administrator by Chris Scolese, currently NASA's associate administrator and former chief engineer, until a new administrator is named.
Griffin's press secretary, David Mould, said Griffin stepping down for Scolese "would likely be the case if he is not asked to stay beyond the 20th.  But there has been no official discussion so far."  
Other agency insiders, however, say that Griffin has been operating under the assumption for the last several weeks that he will be leaving on January 20, and has already started taking stuff out of his office back to his house.  In fact, Griffin sent an e-mail to friends just after Christmas with a new private e-mail address. A copy of the e-mail, obtained by the Orlando Sentinel, reads, simply:  “All – In the event that I am not asked to remain at NASA after 20 Jan 09, and should the need to reach me arise, the above e-mail address will always work. Mike”
Some of Griffin's closest friends and supporters, including his wife, Rebecca, and former astronaut Scot Horowitz, launched a campaign to try to convince the incoming administration to keep Griffin, a veteran rocket scientist. The sometimes heavy-handed effort ranged from soliciting members of Congress during the last space shuttle launch at Kennedy Space Center, to a much-publicized on-line petition and even an e-mail from Rebecca urging that her husband be retained.
But Beltway insiders say the effort backfired and even some of Griffin’s most ardent supporters on the Hill, like Florida’s senior senator, Democrat Bill Nelson, saw the lobbying as craven.
Griffin's last day at NASA headquarters could be Friday, January 16.
So who is going to replace Griffin? Again, there's lots of chatter -- but there's no word from anyone who speaks directly to the currently most-famous occupant of the Hay-Adams Hotel.
Still, there are several names out there, and one has been getting mentioned in the last few days more than the rest: former astronaut Charlie Bolden.
Maj. Gen. Charles Frank "Charlie" Bolden, Jr. is a 63-year-old retired U.S. Marine Corps officer who served from 1981 to 1994 as an astronaut. A 1968 graduate of the United States Naval Academy, he became a Marine aviator and test pilot. After his time with NASA, he became deputy commandant of midshipmen at the naval academy.
An African American, he is perhaps best known by millions as the virtual host of the Shuttle Launch Experience attraction at Kennedy Space Center.
Bolden was asked during an online chat this afternoon organized by the Conrad Foundation about reports that he might be Obama's pick to head NASA. Bolden replied that while he's "incredibly honored" that his name has been attached to the reports, he has not been approached by the transition team about the job.
Bolden's name, however, has been shopped around by Obama transition team members to various space industry leaders in recent days to gauge their reaction. He is also reportedly being championed by Sen. Nelson. Nelson could not be reached for comment, though a spokesman said that the senator regards him as a "top notch" individual.
Other names that the Obama team has been mulling over include, Scott Hubbard of Stanford University, a member of the Columbia Accident Investigation Board and leader of the re-examination of the Vision for Space Exploration; Wesley Huntress at the Geophysical Laboratory at the Carnegie Institute; Dr. Sally Ride, America's first female astronaut; and Dr. Alan Stern, a planetary scientist who once worked at NASA running robotic missions to other planets.
The current head of Obama’s transition team, Lori Garver, is hoping to be deputy administrator.
jingyan66 发表于 2009-1-8 12:36 | 显示全部楼层

NASA局长格里芬下台了,1月20日离任

NASA Chief to Step Down



By Todd Halvorson
FLORIDA TODAY
posted: 7 January 2009
8:29 am ET


NASA Administrator Mike Griffin is planning to leave office on Jan. 20, and a short list of potential replacements is starting to emerge as the incoming Obama administration moves toward Inauguration Day.

Griffin, a veteran rocket scientist who always has said he serves at the pleasure of the president, does not expect to be offered an opportunity to stay on after President-elect Barack Obama takes office.

He and all other political appointees from the Bush administration have submitted their letters of resignation as a matter of course. All are effective Jan. 20, a Tuesday. Monday, Jan. 19, is a federal holiday, so that means the preceding Friday would be Griffin's last day in his ninth-floor office at NASA headquarters in Washington, D.C.

Friends and family are campaigning and petitioning for Obama to keep Griffin on board, but all indications are that a new NASA administrator will be nominated along with a new NASA deputy administrator sooner rather than later.

The Government Accountability Office rated the impending retirement of NASA's shuttle orbiter fleet as one of the top 13 issues the new president will have to deal with in short order. The administration is expected to nominate new NASA leadership before making any significant decisions regarding U.S. space policy and the future of the human spaceflight program.

According to congressional sources, a former astronaut who would be the first black NASA administrator leads the list of potential candidates.

Charlie Bolden flew four times on the space shuttle, including the mission to deploy NASA's flagship Hubble Space Telescope and the historic first joint U.S.-Russian shuttle mission.

He also flew on a 1986 mission with then-congressman Bill Nelson, who now is the senior U.S. senator from Florida.

Nelson likely will be a key figure in the selection process. He runs the Senate committee that oversees NASA and has been advising Obama on the future of the nation's space agency.

Nelson declined comment on the possibility of Bolden heading NASA. But his spokesman, Dan McLaughlin, said, "The senator views him as a top-notch individual."

Bolden told FLORIDA TODAY he has not been contacted by representatives of the incoming Obama administration or its transition team.

He added, though, that he would be open to having a conversation about the future of NASA.

Other potential candidates might include:

Sally Ride, who became the first American woman to fly in space in 1983. Ride, who served on the commissions that investigated both the Challenger and Columbia accidents, wrote an editorial in support of Obama during the presidential election.

Alan Stern. The principal investigator of a mission to Pluto, Stern served a short term as associate administrator for the Science Mission Directorate at NASA headquarters. After he left, Stern criticized NASA for ongoing cost overruns in space and planetary science missions.

Wesley Huntress. A former NASA space science chief, Huntress played a key role in the deployment of a series of vitally important planetary science missions after the 1986 Challenger accident, including the Magellan Venus Radar Mapper, the Hubble Space Telescope and the Galileo Jupiter probe.

Scott Hubbard. Known for turning around NASA's Mars program after back-to-back failures in the late 1990s, Hubbard was a key member of the Columbia Accident Investigation Board. He went on to serve as a director of NASA's Ames Research Center before leaving the agency for academia.

[ 本帖最后由 jingyan66 于 2009-1-8 12:51 编辑 ]
jingyan66 发表于 2009-1-8 13:18 | 显示全部楼层
格里芬离职后,NASA现有的几个大项目,象“星座”,不知会有何变数
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2009-1-8 21:55 | 显示全部楼层
原帖由 jingyan66 于 2009-1-8 13:18 发表
格里芬离职后,NASA现有的几个大项目,象“星座”,不知会有何变数

Charlie Bolden是前宇航员、星座计划的支持者,如果真是Bolden接任的话,对NASA的载人航天计划是个好消息 。
liudao 发表于 2009-1-10 08:16 | 显示全部楼层
上个月,格里芬还在国会哭穷,怎么仍然免不了下台?是哭得太晚了?
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-2-24 15:33 | 显示全部楼层
新闻分析:美国宇航局新局长为何难产?  
2009年02月24日 12:05:40  来源:新华网  

    新华网休斯敦2月23日电 新闻分析:美国宇航局新局长为何难产?

    新华社记者陈如为

    美国宇航局前局长迈克尔·格里芬已经离任1个多月了,但奇怪的是,其留下的空缺至今无人填补。据来自首都华盛顿和休斯敦航天城的消息说,接替格里芬的人选主要有3位,但美国总统奥巴马为什么仍然犹豫不决呢?

    表面上看,这是奥巴马政府的人事安排问题,但是,据了解内情的人士说,这是经济利益和政治利益在幕后较量的结果。接替格里芬的3位人选分别是前宇航员、海军陆战队退役少将查尔斯·博尔登、空军退役少将斯科特·格雷申以及空军退役将军莱斯特·莱尔斯,他们分别得到不同政治家和企业家的支持,谁最终胜出可能关系到用什么火箭发射下一代载人航天器。

    美国宇航局已经决定让航天飞机在2010年退役,并从2015年开始由目前正在研制中的“奥赖恩”载人飞船接替航天飞机执行任务。格里芬在担任局长时期做出的决定是,由洛克希德-马丁公司研制“奥赖恩”飞船,由ATK发射系统集团研制“战神”火箭来发射“奥赖恩”飞船。

    但是,由波音公司和洛克希德-马丁公司组建的合资企业联合发射联盟却不认可格里芬的上述方案,它主张用其“宇宙神”火箭和波音生产的“德尔塔”IV火箭发射下一代载人航天器。联合发射联盟的理由是,五角大楼现在就是用这两种火箭发射军用卫星,相信它们可以把下一代载人航天器送入预定轨道。

    对此,格里芬坚决反对。他在离开宇航局前曾多次强调:“要完成不同的使命,必须拥有不同的手段。‘宇宙神’火箭和‘德尔塔’火箭完成了自己的使命。现在要在吸收航天飞机发动机和曾经把‘阿波罗’飞船送上月球的‘土星’火箭的优点基础上,研制更加理想的‘战神’火箭。美国宇航局现在有这个能力,可以进行这样的选择的时候,为什么不往前看,却向后看?”

    乔治·华盛顿大学航天政策研究所前所长、“哥伦比亚”号航天飞机事故调查委员会委员约翰·洛格斯登说:“波音公司和洛克希德-马丁公司认为,这次宇航局局长换人对它们是一个机会。它们希望奥巴马政府改弦更张,甚至希望新政府和新局长就位后,从全新的视角来看待美国宇航局未来的航天计划,以及在这个计划下选择现有的运载火箭。”

    使问题更为复杂的是,两种方案各自得到地方利益集团的支持,而且有关地方利益集团在国会山都有自己的政治利益代言人。比如,按照前局长格里芬的方案,正在研制的“战神”火箭要吸收航天飞机发动机的优点,理应继续使用佛罗里达州肯尼迪航天中心现有的航天飞机发射设施。这个方案因此得到肯尼迪航天中心的拥护和支持,因为它可以保证雇员在金融危机不见底的情况下不丢饭碗,这个方案也得到佛罗里达州地方政府的拥护和支持,因为此举可以为当地创造就业机会,带动当地的经济发展。代表佛罗里达州的民主党参议员比尔·内尔松坚定支持格里芬方案,他甚至敦促奥巴马留任格里芬。

    各方切身利益特别是承包商和政治家的利益交织在一起,使得奥巴马政府投鼠忌器,迟迟未能公布美国宇航局局长的最终提名人选。这样久拖不决的局面引起一些美国人不满。他们认为美国宇航局局长应当具备以下素质:热爱航天事业;与承包商没有任何瓜葛;不是官僚,也不必是什么将军而应是精明能干的行政管理人员;在航天事业上有建树的,如前宇航员优先。他们建议由前宇航员和航天专家组成一个美国宇航局局长选拔委员会,根据上述条件选拔新的宇航局局长。委员会将把选拔结果直接上报奥巴马总统批准,从而彻底排除承包商和政客们的干扰。
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2009-2-25 20:32 | 显示全部楼层
凡事都要讲轻重缓急,NASA局长人选的确定肯定要等到商务部长的确定之后。
HaleBoppComet 发表于 2009-2-25 20:51 | 显示全部楼层
希望星座计划能够很好的得到延续下去,说句心理话,个人感觉没有NASA,世界其他国家目前也没有这个能力把人类送往月球.而这会影响全人类的文明进程.
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2009-2-26 12:34 | 显示全部楼层
《航空周刊》:“奥巴马将继续布什的登月计划”
奥巴马提出的NASA 2010财年预算 $18.7 billion ,比布什多了 $0.7 billion 。
奥巴马提出的几项优先目标包括:CxP,用于深空探索的机器人探测器,太空望远镜,监控全球变暖(估计会有新的OSC),下一代基于卫星的空中管制系统(这也是为减少温室气体排放服务的)

"Obama Will Stick with Bush Moon Plan"
by Frank Morring,Feb 25, 2009
The fiscal 2010 NASA budget outline to be released by the Obama Administration Feb. 26 adds almost $700 million to the out-year figure proposed in the fiscal 2009 budget request submitted by former President Bush, and sticks with the goal of returning humans to the moon by 2020.

The $18.7 billion that Obama will request for NASA - up from $18.026 billion for fiscal 2010 in the last Bush budget request - does not include the $1 billion NASA will receive in the $787 billion stimulus package that President Barack Obama signed Feb. 16.

Aviation Week has learned that in addition to the human-lunar return, Obama wants to continue robotic exploration with probes to Mars and other Solar System destinations, as well as a space telescope to probe deeper into the universe.

He will request increases in Earth Science, in keeping with his call Feb. 24 for action on global warming. And he will ask for additional funds for the NextGen satellite-based air traffic control modernization effort within NASA's aeronautics request.

In addition to those newly requested funds, under the stimulus package the space agency will receive $400 million for back-to-the-moon exploration work; $400 million for science directed at climate-change space missions and the supercomputing capability needed for climate modeling; $150 million for aeronautics, including NextGen, and $50 million for repairs to hurricane damage suffered in 2008.
HaleBoppComet 发表于 2009-2-26 12:44 | 显示全部楼层
总感觉奥巴马的太空政策不是很乐观
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2009-2-26 13:16 | 显示全部楼层
最新的民意调查显示宇宙探索仍是美国人关心的话题之一

88%的美国人支持NASA的航天计划,在了解了NASA所取得的进展之后,这一比例升至96%;87%的美国人认为美国应保持在航天领域的领先优势,其中58%认为必须保持;56%的人高估了NASA的预算,63%的人得知NASA的预算不足联邦预算的1%后表示惊讶。

Nearly 9 out of 10 Americans See Value in America's Space Program

Date Released: Tuesday, February 24, 2009
Source:
Coalition for Space Exploration

New Survey Proves Space Exploration Still Important to U.S. Citizens

Despite the tough economic climate in the U.S., almost 90 percent of Americans see value in the U.S. space program.
...
Before the basic facts were presented, respondents centered their value of the U.S. space program in three areas:
  • A source of technological innovation and advancement (77%)
  • Consumer product development based on technology used for space exploration (73%)
  • Inspiring students to consider careers in science, technology, engineering and math (69%)

However, upon learning basic facts about NASA and America's space program, the percentage of support jumped from 88 to 96 percent.

Some of the economic impact information shared with the survey respondents included:
  • The aerospace industry employs 500,000 people across the nation.
  • Aerospace industry sales in 2008 increased over the previous year to more than $204 billion and account for nearly 2% of the U.S. gross domestic product.

CSE January 2009 Survey Results
  • In 2007, the U.S. aerospace industry had a foreign trade surplus of $61 billion - the largest trade surplus of any manufacturing sector.

After learning these facts, nearly 80 percent of the survey pool placed more value on the U.S. space program.
...

After learning that America's role as the world's space leader is being challenged by other nations, 87 percent of respondents said the U.S. should strive to maintain its leadership position. And, of that percentage, a solid majority (58 percent) thinks America "definitely should" strive to remain as the world's leader in exploring space.

The study also revealed, however, that Americans still lack a true understanding of the amount of the federal budget allotted to NASA. When asked to estimate NASA's budget, 56 percent overestimated the figure. When told NASA currently receives less than 1 percent of the federal budget, 63 percent were "surprised" to learn the funding was that low.
暗夜流星 发表于 2009-2-26 13:34 | 显示全部楼层
NextGen 项目和温室气体排放关系不大,就是现有空管系统的升级改造。

下一代基于卫星的空中管制系统(这也是为减少温室气体排放服务的)
cmj9808 发表于 2009-2-26 12:34
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2009-2-26 17:16 | 显示全部楼层
NextGen 项目和温室气体排放关系不大,就是现有空管系统的升级改造。


暗夜流星 发表于 2009-2-26 13:34

NextGen系统的目的是提高航空系统效率,减少燃油消耗,同时也减少温室气体排放。
http://caac.people.com.cn/GB/114105/7551287.html
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-2-27 21:54 | 显示全部楼层
美太空探索获更多预算支持  
2009年02月27日 12:57:36  来源:新华网  
    新华网华盛顿2月26日电(记者任海军)美国总统奥巴马26日向国会提交下一个财政年度(即2010年度)的联邦政府预算报告,美国航天局将从中获得更多预算用于太空探索和气候变化研究。

    预算报告显示,美航天局将在新财年内获得187亿美元的预算,如果将美国经济刺激计划中分配给美航天局的10亿美元资金包括在内,美航天局在新财年获得的资金将比2008财年增加24亿美元。

    预算报告支持美航天局实施人类重返月球项目以及发射机器人探索太阳系和宇宙,支持美国航天飞机在2010年年底前全部退役,但表示如有必要可在退役前增加一次飞行。与以往预算不同的是,这份预算报告特别强调,美航天局获得的预算资金将有相当大的一部分用于“部署全球气候研究和监测系统”。

    美国2010财年将从今年10月1日开始。这份预算报告有待美国国会批准。

    美国航天局代理局长斯科利斯当天发表声明说,这是一份“负责任”的预算报告,将确保美航天局继续在地球和太空研究领域保持领先地位。
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-3-4 11:39 | 显示全部楼层
美国政府问责署 (GAO)报告显示NASA项目拖延预算超支(表)
详见:
http://www.space.cetin.net.cn/in ... 000&recno=56211
jingyan66 发表于 2009-3-4 12:04 | 显示全部楼层

航天项目守不住节点是常态:美政府问责署(GAO)报告显示NASA项目拖延预算超支

2009-03-04

      [本站2009年3月3日综合报道] 2009年3月,美国政府问责(GAO)发布《NASA大型项目抽查报告》,报告显示,NASA大部分大型项目无法根据预算或按期完成。

      GAO共评估了18个NASA项目,其寿命周期成本高达500亿美元。13个已经进入执行阶段项目中的10个出现成本超支和进度推延问题。这10个项目的研发成本与两年或三年之前评估的成本标准相比平均超出13%,且平均推延时间达到了11个月。GAO评审的许多项目经历了研发新技术或再用旧技术的挑战,甚至是合同管理、了解风险和工作开始时遇到的挑战。

      在被调查的项目中,“战神”-1火箭超出预算3.04亿美元,首次载人发射时间从2014年推迟到2015年。“轨道碳观测”卫星超支3800万美元,在延期5个月后,于2009年2月24日发射,但该卫星未能进入轨道。

      虽然NASA的预算比联邦政府财政全权预算少2%,但航天局不断被要求扩大其投资以支持重要的科学任务,包括气象变化的研究。

      GAO发现NASA计划在未来几年中投资数十亿用于太空飞行科学和探索活动。NASA任务固有的科学技术复杂性对管理项目和控制成本设置了巨大的挑战。因此,尽可能有效地管理这些资源是极为必要的。
NASA处于执行阶段的项目的挑战评估
      注:表中涂黑表格表示有成本超支或项目拖延的情况出现,黑点代表项目不需考虑这项挑战,或者项目没有提供或公布数据。

(中国航天工程咨询中心 侯丹 陈菲)
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2009-3-4 12:40 | 显示全部楼层
表中未列出的其余五项是
AresI CLV
CEV“Orion”
Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Mission
JWST and
Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM)
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-4-4 15:41 | 显示全部楼层
美航天局高官众议中辞职  
2009年04月04日 07:11:23  来源:新华网  

    美国国家航空航天局总监察长罗伯特·科布不堪多方非议,于2日向白宫递交辞呈。航天局公告说,美国总统贝拉克·奥巴马已就此事签署批准,科布将于11日正式离职。

    美联社报道,两周前,3名参议员向奥巴马呼吁,要求科布“出局”。他们指责科布“多次压制调查,报复揭发者以及对航天局高管‘走后门’”。

    今年2月,美国众院科学委员会主席巴特·戈登向奥巴马提出,解除科布监督美国国家航空航天局170亿美元年度支出的职务。

    “航天局无法再接受这样一位没有发挥监督效能的总监察长,”戈登说。

    美国国会政府问责局也认为,科布办公室在其负责的航天局财政节流、高效等方面少有建树。

    两年前,总统廉洁和效率委员会在一份报告中还指责科布有滥用职权和徇私行为。当时曾有议员称科布向航天局高层谄媚,要求科布辞职,但这一请求当时没有得到重视。

    科布在辞呈中没有解释辞职原因。他说:“新任总监察长会接触到一群才华出众的职员,他们致力于肃清腐败、浪费和滥用职权。”(新华社专电)
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2009-4-23 23:10 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 cmj9808 于 2009-4-23 23:12 编辑

NSF上有消息说过渡团队的头Lori Garver将接任NASA Administrator,很快就会宣布。
奥巴马政府又要多一个女部长。。。

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hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-4-29 09:23 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 hkhtg090201 于 2009-4-29 09:26 编辑

议员成功赢得取消航天飞机强制退役期限(2010年9月30日)限制的法  
2009年4月28日(美国时间)-- NASA-2011财年赢得至少25亿美金的可用于航天飞机项目的预算

Today, Congresswoman Suzanne Kosmas (FL-24) announced that the House and Senate conference agreement on the budget resolution (S.Con.Res 13) reflects her request to include a provision that removes the hard deadline for Shuttle retirement. The final budget resolution provides an additional $2.5 billion in fiscal year 2011 for the Shuttle program, giving NASA the flexibility it needs to fly the current manifest beyond 2010.

目前STS-135(暂时只是作为STS-134的LON任务)任务暂定在2010年11月29日发射,已经超过了2010财年的截止日期:2010年9月30日

STS-134目前暂定在2010年9月16日发射,如果发射推迟2天以上并且飞行任务时间不缩短,其降落时间也将跨越9月30日而到2011财年
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