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[专题专项] NASA的人事/预算/决策专题(更新:National Space Council重新组建)

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 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2017-3-22 18:41 | 显示全部楼层
简单说明一下,特朗普签署的这个是NASA Transition Authorization Act of 2017,也就是所谓的NASA过渡法案,法案的内容是奥巴马执政期间制定的,只是让特朗普重新确认一下。事实上每次政府换届都会出台一个NASA过渡法案,而新总统出于NASA在过渡时期平稳运转的考虑,通常都不会进行大的改动,但这个法案也同样代表不了新总统的态度,即将要递交国会的FY2018 NASA预算案才真正表明新政府在航天事务上的态度。

因此,总统、副总统和在场的关键议员在签署法案时的表态更能反映新政府的航天政策。从下面这两篇文章的描述看,出于削减预算的考虑,特朗普政府将更多依赖商业航天和公私合营的模式。

http://www.theverge.com/2017/3/2 ... cial-space-industry

http://spacenews.com/pence-confi ... onal-space-council/

站长 发表于 2017-3-22 21:14 | 显示全部楼层
3431 发表于 2017-3-23 11:25 来自航空航天港手机版! | 显示全部楼层
黑与白 发表于 2017-3-22 12:49
特朗普签署2017财年预算,orion和SLS继续健康发展,得到支持,特朗普重申继续支持商业太空,但是依然会支持 ...

这不是转了一圈回去了吗……
黑与白 发表于 2017-3-23 12:04 | 显示全部楼层
3431 发表于 2017-3-23 11:25
这不是转了一圈回去了吗……

这是必然的 SLS和猎户座是NASA未来核心资产,岂是说砍就砍的
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2017-3-23 12:10 | 显示全部楼层
参议院航天事务委员会主席Ted Cruz将起草新的商业航天发射法案
“In this coming Congress, I hope to take up another commercial space launch piece of legislation, and a longer-term NASA authorization,” he said.

The NASA Transition Authorization Act of 2017, introduced by Cruz in the Senate in February and signed into law by the president March 21, is intended to be an interim bill that provides stability for NASA during the transition to the new administration, based largely on current programs and authorizing funding only for fiscal year 2017. “Now, in a new year, we have the chance to think bigger and bolder,” he said.

- See more at: http://spacenews.com/cruz-plans- ... thash.COnqcTYH.dpuf

hkhtg090201 发表于 2017-3-23 21:20 | 显示全部楼层
cmj9808 发表于 2017-3-22 18:41
简单说明一下,特朗普签署的这个是NASA Transition Authorization Act of 2017,也就是所谓的NASA过渡法案 ...

Musk作为特朗普的顾问,肯定对之吹枕头风,看看明年怎么改吧。
完全砍掉SLS/Orion太不现实了,但这个项目在SpaceX的映衬下,显得太耗费预算了,估计特朗普也是耿耿于怀吧?
  


特朗普批预算195亿美元欲上火星 SpaceX创始人不买账
Re/code中文站Re/code中文站2017-03-23 11:31
http://tech.qq.com/a/20170323/020925.htm

...  ...
... 略 ...

   不过,特朗普对NASA的这一慷慨之举似乎依旧没能得到SpaceX太空探索技术公司创始人埃隆-马斯克(Elon Musk)的认可。因为在他看来,特朗普的这一法案丝毫不会帮助SpaceX或者其他太空探索企业在更短时间内登陆火星。

马斯克在Twitter上回应科技记者卡拉-斯韦什(Kara Swisher)问询时表示:“这项法案几乎没有对NASA目前所做的事情做出任何改变,现有项目将依旧保留,所以该法案其实并没有为火星探索增加资金支持。或许,特朗普会在今后为火星项目签署一些新的、行之有效的法案,但这份法案绝对不在其列。”

应该说,此番马斯克和特朗普之间的互怼非常引人注目。因为马斯克此前一直同特朗普以及副总统麦克-彭斯(Mike Pence)保持着固定的联系,马斯克也拒绝对此发表置评。

然而,虽然马斯克并不看好这一法案对人类登陆火星起到的推动作用,但美国国会议员们显然不这么看。其中,佛罗里达州参议员比尔-尼尔森(Bill Nelson)就表示:“如今我们有商业公司负责为国际空间站运送物资,同时还有NASA致力于探索未知宇宙,我认为我们必将成功登陆火星。”

德克萨斯州共和党议员约翰-库尔波森(John Culberson)也对特朗普签署上述法案的行动表示赞赏,甚至把它看成是一项重要的总统成就,他表示:“您今天签署了这个法案,您的远见卓识和领导力将会让后人记得,唐纳德-特朗普总统也将被称为‘星际高速公路之父’。”

与此同时,特朗普总统则在签署法案时表示,“我很高兴签署这项法案,因为已经很久没有签署像这样的法案了,这重申了我们对美国国家航空航天局核心使命的国家承诺。现在,这个国家已经准备好再次在太空领域领先一步,并朝着美国太空飞行的新未来进发。”(编译/汤姆)返回腾讯网首页>>
  
hkhtg090201 发表于 2017-3-23 21:31 | 显示全部楼层
hkhtg090201 发表于 2017-3-17 20:06
PS: 一目了然,中文:0
           -----------------

当然,明年(2018)的预算 早就提出了,SLS/Orion还是花费不小。

Orion 飞船和 Space Launch System 项目得到了 37 亿美元的研发资金
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2017-3-24 12:05 | 显示全部楼层
hkhtg090201 发表于 2017-3-23 21:20
Musk作为特朗普的顾问,肯定对之吹枕头风,看看明年怎么改吧。
完全砍掉SLS/Orion太不现实了,但这个项 ...

特朗普对于太空政策既不了解也不热衷,他更希望能省出钱来投入到基建和国防事务中。NASA过渡授权法案签字时有一个小插曲,众议员Culberson称赞特朗普“将作为“太空高速公路之父”而被载入史册(Trump will one day be known as the “father of the interplanetary highway system)”,特朗普却说“听起来一颗赛艇,不过我们还是先把(美国的)高速公路修好吧(first we want to fix our highways)”。再加上特朗普签字当天特别挑出了NASA的commercial crew项目加以表扬,所以媒体普遍认为特朗普将会更多依赖商业航天来帮NASA节省开支。

Spacenews的报到并未对签字过程过多着墨,而将重点放在了副总统Pence和众议员Bridenstine的一举一动。因为分别作为National Space Council的主席和NASA局长候选人,Pence和Bridenstine将决定NASA在未来十年的方向。

 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2017-5-4 11:39 | 显示全部楼层
NASA发布RFI,向工业界征求月球着陆器方案。
The requirement is to provide a commercial launch and landing service on existing or forthcoming FAA licensed commercial missions to the lunar surface for NASA primary payloads, NASA secondary payloads, or NASA hosted payloads, with the potential to also procure data from any commercial lunar surface missions and/or return payloads or samples to the Earth.
Services will include:
(1) Physical and analytical integration of the NASA payloads or instruments onto the existing or forthcoming commercial mission;
(2) Transportation to the Moon for the NASA payloads or instruments, to include landing and surface access to agreed-upon locations on the Lunar surface; and
(3) Provision of "utilities" such as power, communications, thermal control, etc., during launch integration, launch and cruise phase, and perhaps for a limited period of time after landing.


Services could also include:
(1) The purchase of science or engineering data provided by contractor payloads; and
(2) The return of payload and/or samples to the Earth.
https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&tab=core&id=970ad3020c0f35f26bc0621fbf8f3b64
hkhtg090201 发表于 2017-5-24 11:24 | 显示全部楼层
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2017-5-24 14:25 | 显示全部楼层
FY2018预算草案终止5项地球观测项目;小行星载人探索ARM取消,太阳能电推保留;不启动Europa lander;科普性质的Education office关闭。其他改动不大。

https://spaceflightnow.com/2017/ ... s-education-office/
ceres 发表于 2017-6-11 17:18 | 显示全部楼层
House 的SST委员会好像propose了一个Commerce Free Enterprise Act,内容:
Create a single authority for U.S. authorization and supervision of nongovernmental space activities located at the Department of Commerce Office of Space Commerce
Establish a transparent certification process in the least burdensome manner possible
Provide greater certainty to assure nongovernmental space activities conform to the United States’ Outer Space Treaty obligations
Address concerns that certified activities may pose a safety risk to existing federal government space systems
Reform the space-based remote sensing regulatory process
Preserve ability to condition remote sensing operations to protect national security
Enhance national security by ensuring insight into operations and capabilities by creating a competitive environment that discourages offshoring

ceres 发表于 2017-6-11 17:23 | 显示全部楼层
对2018 budget开了个听证会:
House members criticize proposed NASA education and Earth science cuts:

In back-to-back hearings June 8 by the space subcommittee of the House Science Committee and the commerce, justice and science (CJS) subcommittee of the House Appropriations Committee, members expressed general support for the agency’s $19.1 billion proposed budget.

However, members of both parties opposed the proposal to defund the Office of Education, which received $100 million in the fiscal year 2017 appropriations bill. The office would receive $37.3 million in 2018 to close out its operations.

http://spacenews.com/house-members-criticize-proposed-nasa-education-and-earth-science-cuts
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2017-7-1 13:01 | 显示全部楼层
特朗普签署总统令,正式重组国家太空委员会(National Space Council)

https://spaceflightnow.com/2017/ ... onal-space-council/
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2017-7-7 16:40 | 显示全部楼层
副总统彭斯周四到访KSC,在对NASA员工发表讲话时重申美国将重返月球并最终登上火星。彭斯将领导重新组建的国家太空委员会(National Space Council),规划NASA的探索方向。
Vice President Mike Pence, chairman of the recently re-established National Space Council, toured the Kennedy Space Center Thursday and vowed to renew American leadership on the high frontier, telling spaceport workers “our nation will return to the moon, and we will put American boots on the face of Mars.”

https://spaceflightnow.com/2017/ ... n-space-leadership/
hkhtg090201 发表于 2017-7-8 07:00 | 显示全部楼层
当年小布什和奥巴马交接一年后, 公开的路线讨论 在网络上 持续了好长时间, 最终是星座计划的 很多东西 ,削的削,改的改.  这次是不是又有热闹看了.
   
Oops! Pence Touches Untouchable Space Hardware

  Mike Pence’s disregard for ‘Do Not Touch’ signs launched a hilariously endless Photoshop battle

   https://t.co/SpuUBgniBg — TIME (@TIME) July 7, 2017

Lsquirrel 发表于 2017-7-8 10:47 | 显示全部楼层
cmj9808 发表于 2017-7-7 16:40
副总统彭斯周四到访KSC,在对NASA员工发表讲话时重申美国将重返月球并最终登上火星。彭斯将领导重新组建的 ...


GLEX2017上波音的ppt,EM-5任务就想打登月舱,这样EM-6任务就能首次载人登月
我很怀疑EM-6标为2024年就是献给Trump的礼物,如果Trump连任,那么2024年下台前正好重返月球成功,MAGA!

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 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2017-7-8 11:06 | 显示全部楼层
Lsquirrel 发表于 2017-7-8 10:47
GLEX2017上波音的ppt,EM-5任务就想打登月舱,这样EM-6任务就能首次载人登月
我很怀疑EM-6标为2024年 ...

这是波音自己的计划,迎合川普也是为了投其所好而获得拨款,毕竟载人航天完全受政治意愿左右。
NASA目前的预算只满足每年一次SLS任务,而且需要合作伙伴出资,所以除非NASA的预算大增,波音的计划并不可行,JAXA的2030登月更现实。
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2017-7-17 18:32 | 显示全部楼层
华盛顿大学太空政策学院的院长Scott Pace被任命为国家太空委员会的执行秘书长,Pace将负责领导该委员会的具体工作。

http://spacenews.com/space-commu ... onal-space-council/
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