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[专题专项] NASA的人事/预算/决策专题(更新: Jim Bridenstine正式就职,成为第十三任NASA局长)

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 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2017-9-2 11:49 | 显示全部楼层
特朗普正式提名Jim Bridenstine为NASA局长,等待国会批准,但是与此同时并没有任命副局长。

http://spacenews.com/white-house ... nasa-administrator/
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2017-11-7 15:17 | 显示全部楼层
副总统Pence上个月在洛杉矶与Musk会面,征求关于national space council的建议。
Vice President Mike Pence discussed the National Space Council with entrepreneur and inventor Elon Musk during a trip to California last month, a source familiar with the meeting says.

The two powwowed at a Los Angeles hotel one evening while the vice president was in the state for a fundraising swing. The conversation focused on the council, which aims to streamline and coordinate national space policy. Pence leads the panel at President Donald Trump's direction.

http://edition.cnn.com/2017/11/0 ... -space-x/index.html
hkhtg090201 发表于 2017-12-12 06:20 | 显示全部楼层
特郎普政府将发布其上任以来的第一份"太空政策指令"SPD-1,指示NASA重返月球,然后火星。一一一一一  
PS:估计就是那个DSG(深空门廊)的政府层面的声明,没啥新鲜东西。  
http://spacenews.com/president-t ... y-directive-monday/






璇瑢子 发表于 2017-12-12 09:31 | 显示全部楼层
President Donald Trump is sending astronauts back to the Moon.

The president Monday signed at the White House Space Policy Directive 1, a change in national space policy that provides for a U.S.-led, integrated program with private sector partners for a human return to the Moon, followed by missions to Mars and beyond.

The policy calls for the NASA administrator to “lead an innovative and sustainable program of exploration with commercial and international partners to enable human expansion across the solar system and to bring back to Earth new knowledge and opportunities.” The effort will more effectively organize government, private industry, and international efforts toward returning humans on the Moon, and will lay the foundation that will eventually enable human exploration of Mars.

“The directive I am signing today will refocus America’s space program on human exploration and discovery,” said President Trump. “It marks a first step in returning American astronauts to the Moon for the first time since 1972, for long-term exploration and use. This time, we will not only plant our flag and leave our footprints -- we will establish a foundation for an eventual mission to Mars, and perhaps someday, to many worlds beyond.”

The policy grew from a unanimous recommendation by the new National Space Council, chaired by Vice President Mike Pence, after its first meeting Oct. 5. In addition to the direction to plan for human return to the Moon, the policy also ends NASA’s existing effort to send humans to an asteroid. The president revived the National Space Council in July to advise and help implement his space policy with exploration as a national priority.

"Under President Trump’s leadership, America will lead in space once again on all fronts,” said Vice President Pence. “As the President has said, space is the ‘next great American frontier’ – and it is our duty – and our destiny – to settle that frontier with American leadership, courage, and values. The signing of this new directive is yet another promise kept by President Trump.”

Among other dignitaries on hand for the signing, were NASA astronauts Sen. Harrison “Jack” Schmitt, Buzz Aldrin, Peggy Whitson and Christina Koch. Schmitt landed on the moon 45 years to the minute that the policy directive was signed as part of NASA’s Apollo 17 mission, and is the most recent living person to have set foot on our lunar neighbor. Aldrin was the second person to walk on the Moon during the Apollo 11 mission. Whitson spoke to the president from space in April aboard the International Space Station and while flying back home after breaking the record for most time in space by a U.S. astronaut in September. Koch is a member of NASA’s astronaut class of 2013.

Work toward the new directive will be reflected in NASA’s Fiscal Year 2019 budget request next year.

“NASA looks forward to supporting the president’s directive strategically aligning our work to return humans to the Moon, travel to Mars and opening the deeper solar system beyond,” said acting NASA Administrator Robert Lightfoot. “This work represents a national effort on many fronts, with America leading the way. We will engage the best and brightest across government and private industry and our partners across the world to reach new milestones in human achievement. Our workforce is committed to this effort, and even now we are developing a flexible deep space infrastructure to support a steady cadence of increasingly complex missions that strengthens American leadership in the boundless frontier of space. The next generation will dream even bigger and reach higher as we launch challenging new missions, and make new discoveries and technological breakthroughs on this dynamic path.”

A piece of Moon rock was brought to the White House as a reminder of the exploration history and American successes at the Moon on which the new policy will build. Lunar Sample 70215 was retrieved from the Moon’s surface and returned by Schmitt’s Apollo 17 crew. Apollo 17 was the last Apollo mission to land astronauts on the Moon and returned with the greatest amount of rock and soil samples for investigation.

The sample is a basaltic lava rock similar to lava found in Hawaii. It crystallized 3.84 billion years ago when lava flowed from the Camelot Crater. Sliced off a parent rock that originally weighed 8,110 grams, the sample weighs 14 grams, and is very fine grained, dense and tough. During the six Apollo surface excursions from 1969 to 1972, astronauts collected 2,196 rock and soil samples weighting 842 pounds. Scientific studies help us learn about the geologic history of the Moon, as well as Earth. They help us understand the mineral and chemical resources available to support future lunar exploration.

For information about NASA’s missions, programs and activities, visit:

https://www.nasa.gov

-end-
Jen Rae Wang
Headquarters, Washington
202-358-1600
jenrae.wang@nasa.gov


NASA官网的文章
璇瑢子 发表于 2018-2-13 08:39 | 显示全部楼层
19财年预算
总计198.92亿,18财年是195.19亿

减少地球科学经费,教育经费,砍掉WFIRST

预计25年终止ISS经费,
设定登月的目标,但是目前没有直接的经费
Flying_Pencil 发表于 2018-2-13 08:40 | 显示全部楼层
璇瑢子 发表于 2018-2-13 08:39
19财年预算
总计198.92亿,18财年是195.19亿

什么!?WFIRST已凉?
璇瑢子 发表于 2018-2-13 08:43 | 显示全部楼层
Flying_Pencil 发表于 2018-2-13 08:40
什么!?WFIRST已凉?

这个还是总统的预算。还要过国会。。

不过不是多大的事情,应该基本上凉了
璇瑢子 发表于 2018-2-13 09:07 | 显示全部楼层
https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/budget-fy2019.pdf
预算全文。。。


璇瑢子 发表于 2018-2-13 10:20 | 显示全部楼层
22亿经费给行星无人探测,
包括2020年的火星车,
5000万美元用于考虑火星地质标本返回任务
1.5亿用于小行星防御

满足超高音速飞机的研发和测试经费需求

地球科学18亿

砍掉WFIRST。但是会用节约下来的经费继续支持其他天体物理研究,包括预计于19年发射的韦伯太空望远镜

5000万美元的PPP项目用于太空制造和组装验证


9m96e2 发表于 2018-2-13 10:36 来自航空航天港手机版! | 显示全部楼层
璇瑢子 发表于 2018-2-13 10:20
22亿经费给行星无人探测,
包括2020年的火星车,
5000万美元用于考虑火星地质标本返回任务


“the commercial launch of a key power and propulsion space tug in 2022" 这个指的是什么?DSG的美国服务舱要在EM-2前用商业发射送上去么?
还是说只是试验项目?

另外SLS+Orion又给了37亿。。。
vulcan_good 发表于 2018-2-13 12:57 来自航空航天港手机版! | 显示全部楼层
9m96e2 发表于 2018-2-13 10:36
“the commercial launch of a key power and propulsion space tug in 2022" 这个指的是什么?DSG的美 ...

SLS和orion永远不用担心钱的问题 这就是国家队的优势 SLS也是目前进度最快的巨型火箭 10年之内难逢对手 这就是现实
9m96e2 发表于 2018-2-13 13:02 来自航空航天港手机版! | 显示全部楼层
vulcan_good 发表于 2018-2-13 12:57
SLS和orion永远不用担心钱的问题 这就是国家队的优势 SLS也是目前进度最快的巨型火箭 10年之内难逢对手  ...


如果我没理解错的话SLS已经少了半发订单了

另外我大概看出来你是谁了
vulcan_good 发表于 2018-2-13 13:06 | 显示全部楼层
9m96e2 发表于 2018-2-13 13:02
如果我没理解错的话SLS已经少了半发订单了

有DSG和载人登月SLS可以无忧无虑的活10年 私人公司谁能比的了
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2018-3-15 13:12 | 显示全部楼层
NASA代理局长Robert Lightfoot将于4月底退休。如果参议院届时仍未批准Jim Bridenstine的局长任命,特朗普会任命另一个代理局长接替Lightfoot的职位。由于NSC的存在,代理局长的更换不会对NASA的方向产生太大的变化。

http://spacenews.com/lightfoot-e ... ership-uncertainty/
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2018-3-23 10:24 | 显示全部楼层
参众两院最终协商的FY2018预算为207亿,比NASA申请的191亿多出16亿。特朗普政府建议取消的项目除已取消的Radiation Budget Instrument外全部予以保留,包括另外四项地球观测、WFIRST以及教育项目,而特朗普政府青睐的项目则追加拨款。


http://spacenews.com/nasa-receiv ... ppropriations-bill/

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snscm 发表于 2018-4-17 14:15 | 显示全部楼层
@华尔街日报中文网
【美国商务部长将在太空事务上拥有更大影响力】- 美国副总统彭斯周一表示,特朗普政府将委派美国商务部长罗斯负责美国的“首个全面太空交通管理政策”,此举将进一步提升罗斯的地位,他将是许多联邦太空政策的主要制定者,也将推动特朗普政府放松该行业管制、消除行政障碍及促进私人太空活动等工作。该任命正等待特朗普的批准。
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2018-4-20 11:22 | 显示全部楼层
参议院以50-49投票通过Jim Bridenstine的NASA局长任命

http://spacenews.com/senate-vote ... nasa-administrator/
hkhtg090201 发表于 2018-4-20 13:26 | 显示全部楼层
cmj9808 发表于 2018-4-20 11:22
参议院以50-49投票通过Jim Bridenstine的NASA局长任命

http://spacenews.com/senate-votes-to-confirm-b ...

特朗普都上任一年多了,这个局长啊。
难产 + 高争议, 最终极微弱多数通过。
 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2018-4-24 12:19 | 显示全部楼层
Jim Bridenstine正式就任第十三任NASA局长,成为首个众议员出身的NASA局长,也是继James Webb之后第二个非技术官员出身的NASA局长。Webb带领NASA赢得了月球竞赛的胜利,Bridenstine能否带领NASA成功完成商业航天时代的转型,我们将拭目以待。


http://spacenews.com/bridenstine-sworn-in-as-nasa-administrator/

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 楼主| cmj9808 发表于 2018-4-24 12:31 | 显示全部楼层
美国航天业界均对Jim Bridenstine的任命表示欢迎,包括美国航空航天学会AIAA,国家太空学会NSS,深空探索联盟DSE,商业航天联盟CSF,行星学会和火星学会。但是作为一个气候变化的怀疑论者,Bridenstine的任命意味着那些关注气候变化的学者们的苦日子要来了,这也是参议院民主党团一致反对Bridenstine任命的主要原因。
http://spacenews.com/space-indus ... tines-confirmation/
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