航空航天港

 找回密码
 注册会员

QQ登录

只需一步,快速开始

查看: 67454|回复: 900
收起左侧

[战略战术导弹] 俄罗斯空天防御导弹武器系统研发专题

[复制链接]
JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-15 22:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

对本站感兴趣的话,马上注册成为会员吧,我们将为你提供更专业的资讯和服务,欢迎您的加入!

您需要 登录 才可以下载或查看,没有帐号?注册会员

x
本帖最后由 kktt 于 2012-10-17 11:35 编辑

=====

http://www.ria.ru/interview/20110815/417675459.html


--


首先由俄罗斯金刚石-安泰集团的前总裁-总设计师于2011-8-15刊登的专访开始。


专访中, 就俄罗斯新一代的超近,近程,中程,远程以及近太空防御系统的研发以及各个系统的技术特性予以了介绍。


关于40N6弹的技术状况给予了充分的解释。 证实了以前的一些说法需要修正。


具体看内容:



==

Future defense of the Russian Federation will be based on land and in the air - Designer


--
ubject to a Russian Aerospace Defense (ASD) is this year, perhaps the most discussed and at the same time enigmatic and mysterious.  All are about, what should do this or a new genus, new species, or the Armed Forces.  It is known that such a structure should be established by December 1, 2011.  But this is all over, and the specifics will be made 漠渀氀礀 ones thinking and assumptions.  
Special correspondent wording of law enforcement agencies RIA Novosti, Sergei Safronov, met in non-departmental co-chair of the Expert Council on ASD Ashurbeyli Igor, who until 2011 led the development of 10 years of advanced air defense systems, missile defense GSKB "Almaz-Antaeus."


- Igor Raufovich what ASD?  What is the difference between ASD and AMD?


- The term ASD finally succumbed in 2010.  Then he was officially employed in the new military doctrine, and in the Security Council decision, and in his annual message to the president.  And before many years there was controversy, there is a need for such a system.  There was also a rejection of the term.  We have done much to introduce this concept.


Prior to that standard terms were "air defense" (up to 30 km altitude), "Missile Defense", which is limited to A-35 system near Moscow under a contract with the United States, 1972, etc.
So you can not tell the difference between ASD and missile defense.  We can say that missile defense is part of the EBA, which also includes a system of missile warning, space surveillance system, a single space system, air-defense system and, finally, a missile defense system as a component of the ASD.


- In what state is now in zone defense around Moscow?


- This system is somewhat outdated, as is natural in view of the timing of its creation.  There are two types of missiles, one of which, taking into account long-term use is not quite boegotov.  As to the second type of missiles, warheads they are kept separate from the rocket itself.


This was decided during the Yeltsin for security purposes.  Accordingly, the time of military equipment of these missiles are not always adequately reaching is the time of the attack potential enemy.


Therefore, in addition to modernization of the A-35, and was assigned the task of creating a system of S-500 as a mobile missile defense system.  To be able to nominate her, not only to defend Moscow, but also in any other direction Threatened - Kaliningrad, the Far East ... where there may be a threat.


- That is created in the Russian S-500 system - a future missile defense system in Russia?


- When is a system of S-500 will solve the problem of a mobile or even mobile (portable) missile.


- When will it adopt?


- We set a date - 2015.  This is spelled out in contractual obligations to the Ministry of Defence.  Now completed preliminary design, technical design is.


With regard to the protection of air borders of Moscow, there are "trehsotki" ( S-300 - Ed) and has already "chetyrehsotki" ( C-400 - Ed.)  And while all this is enough.  But the problem is that in the next year or two, all the S-300PS to be scrapped, because all terms have been operating.  And at this point would be a significant failure in the defense of Moscow, if by that time will not be created "Hero".


- And when will "Hero"?


- The emergence of "Vityaz" can be expected in 2014-15, respectively.  Delays are possible in connection with the new missile.


- Same problem as with long-range missile system S-400?







The anti-aircraft missile system S-400 ("Triumph")




- Never any problems with long-range missile for S-400 was not.  It was made, there were no technical problems.  This is only the financing, production patterns and availability of targets.
In order to fire on all "point" in public trials, should be the appropriate number of experienced missiles.  As they manufacture and we were shooting.  But whereas, in the good old days, stood on one target dozens of missiles, now at two targets - three missiles.  The problem is also that old target, and part of the landfill was on the territory of Kazakhstan.  Money for new targets complexes have not been allocated a number of years already.  So the situation is the more ...


Therefore, I anticipate that there may also be problems with the time trials for the rocket "Vityaz".


- In the "Vityaz", as in the C-400 will also be used for several types of missiles depending on the distance and altitude goals?


- No, the "Vityaz" will be a basic rocket, not as a C-400.  His goal - to take on the challenges that today carry S-300PS.  There are also S-300 PM, which will last for years 7-10.  But we are not so many - dozens of them.  And the most "fresh" were made as long ago as 1994.  At the term of their service in 25 years.  Since that time, we do not produce.  True, most of us were upgraded to "Favorite" in recent years.  But the "tuning" is no substitute for a new model.  So for ten years in Russia should be made a number of "Knights" to completely replace the S-300PS and, as regards the characteristics, - S-300PM.


And then we get a fully built above ground fire weapons systems SAI Russia: S-500 - PRO-400 - long-range, "Hero" - and the middle of the "Morpheus" - short-range and ultra distance.


- If the pro-400 and C-500 was written quite a lot, something about "Morpheus" exactly the opposite ...


- A set of "Morpheus" is a set of super-low range, which will be on the last line of defense in depth - to finish off cruise missiles, precision weapons, and thus provide protection, including the very C-500.


- What is the "Morpheus" is the next competitor is entering the Russian Army missile and gun complexes "Armour", which produces the Tula KBP?


- This is not a competitor. "carapace" and "Thor" work in the same range - small.  "Hero" - is the average range.
  "Morpheus" - midget.
Conventionally, can be schematically represented as follows: "Hero" from the top, and "Morpheus" from the bottom, cover the area "Pantsir" and "Thor."


Thus, the "Hero" from "Morpheus" solve as their main objectives and tasks in class between them.


In the "Morphine" is an element of uniqueness, though there are many who doubt the correctness of the choices made in its implementation.  But if he gets in shape, which was conceived, it will be a unique weapon.


- What, in fact, unique?


- If it simply, the uniqueness of the selected type of radar, in its configuration.  Latitude will be in the shape of the dome, it will vserakursnym.  We've learned that radar is spinning, but this is not spinning.  Currently stands and stands.


- These four systems - is all that is necessary for Russia to protect the sky and space?


- If you remove the brackets space, which we sort of demilitarized, then yes, these four systems, "Morpheus", "Hero", C-400 and C-500 completely cover the range of artillery ground-based ASD.  More essentially nothing.  And that's enough for technological advance in years 20-25.


"Hero" and "Morpheus" - they just straight from the tin - still in development.


The development of "Morpheus" is parallel to "Vityaz" and C-500.  These systems were all given the same time.  It happened in 2007 when we went to the Military-Industrial Commission and offered his vision of a unified system of antiaircraft missile air defense missile, the fifth generation.  This was approved.  Defined "diamond" as a leading developer.  And they were given appropriate development activities.  They all started at the same time in 2007.  But, of course, more complicated system of S-500 will take longer to be developed.




评分

参与人数 1火箭 +2 收起 理由
mir-2 + 2 欢迎这样的毛弹跟踪贴

查看全部评分

 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-15 22:15 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 JSTCVW09CD 于 2011-12-17 00:06 编辑

文中对近程系统墨菲斯进行的介绍主要反映了其拱形雷达系统的特点,对于盘泽尔-S和Buk-M2的补充。

对于替换S-300的Vitayz也做了概述。

S-400的40N6导弹的技术做了比较详实的描述。 这个信息可以作为对于其他一些信息的修正。


S-500实际上就是包含了某些A-35大改移动版功能的一个新一代防御系统。


=========


- You are now looking into tomorrow AD-PRO-ASD?


- And what is there to look.  I think that currently in the development of range of ground fire means exhaustive ASD.  In addition to these funds and their subsequent upgrades, and other on earth will be gone.


- That is ...?


- That is, these funds will not fire ground-and air.  The following systems, which appear after the C-500 will be airborne.


Some of them are also already in development and undergoing testing.


- Are there any international standards to create a temporary air-defense systems, missile defense?  How long does it take to draft a paper has been implemented in the metal?


- In general, according to foreign standards development of such weapons is the level of 10-12 years.  And such deeds, which requires us to the Russian Defense Ministry - 5-6 years - does not happen.
That's why directors of defense enterprises are to sign some contracts, knowing that will not have time.  But if you do not sign, then nothing at all will not start.


.- Return to the C-300.  If I understand you correctly, then the past 15 years we have produced the famous S-300 only for export?


- Only.  But so, and continued cooperation.  The last shipment was recently in one country.  There will be another one.  And then ...


The problem is that we stop taking new foreign orders for C-300.  And on "chetyrehsotku" forbidden to take orders from foreign countries, because by such a system is needed and said they will increase orders for Russia.  So in the end the order for C-400 did not increase quite as well for export did not give any C-300 or C-400.  Therefore, I predict the failure load factory cooperative in 2013.  Even in the second half of 2012.


- Perhaps more orders will be?


- It can not be, because the cycle of the product (system S-400) 24 months.  So if today is not proavansirovali, then in 2013, nothing will.  That is, everyone will be in recession.  Because this year is no additional contract for C-400 is not signed.  And at the C-300.  With that load plants today is far from complete and no further contracts will not allow to update equipment and technology.  It should be understood that the C-400 is manufactured on the same hardware as the C-300.


- A co-operation for the production of air defense systems "Thor" and "Book" does not help?


- Cooperation, which is involved in the manufacture of "Tor" and "letter" is not involved in the production of S-400.


- For a vision of the problem you have?


- The vision is, and it was, inter alia, that every single customer products appeared in the Defense ASD, the urgent need to create a unified and performer in the industry, because it should be a mirror system - principal-agent.  The military authority customer ASD formed.  But the group ASD, such as Concern PVO "Almaz-Antei", not yet.  But such an integrated structure to be born.  In any form, on the basis of any business is a question that requires an accelerated learning, because, ideally, up to 2012 should be the head of the performer.  Do not forget that the military by December 1 to form the structure of EBA.


-
But not in all species and genera of the Armed Forces has its own holdings or concerns.  Why necessarily need to create a concern ASD?


- Almost all.  Take the case of United Aircraft Corporation, Yeah, it's not called Air Force concern, but in fact it is.  There is a United Shipbuilding Corporation - is essentially the concern of the Navy.  Must have a corporation and EKR, because there are a number of weapons designers, which are not part of the Concern PVO "Almaz-Antaeus."  They are the ones who solve the problems it EKR.
What form of integration of these companies will be chosen - we'll see.  In autumn, I will offer the country's leadership vision to address this issue, including a vision of building a system of EKO future.


- There is much talk about the negative approach of NATO, particularly the U.S., Russia to participate in the project EUROPRO.  What, in your opinion, the reason for this negativity?


- Firstly, I would like to note the high role in solving this problem, the Russian ambassador to NATO, authorized by the ABM issue, Dmitry Rogozin, which we fully support.  But in order to participate in international projects, Russia needs to have something that is actively and their offer.  I think that's why Americans are not interested in our participation in the creation of "planetary" essentially a missile defense system.  They believe that we have nothing to offer.


And in fact - we have something to offer.  For example, the same system S-500, which they do not.


- But it is we ourselves do not?


- She's in a stage where its creation is inevitable, unless force majeure.  She is in a stage where we can confidently say that it definitely will.  We can offer it as our contribution to EUROPRO.


Otherwise, we can offer as a contribution to our territory, only to place their facilities.  This all goes so far and ...


- Have you recently defended his doctoral thesis on the problems of ASD.  It is well-known reasons "closed" and yet is it possible to voice some of the key provisions?


- Thesis is devoted to a very simple theme.  It concerns the fact that super-modern military hardware ASD, where not developed monoprodukt - tank, plane, ship, - and developed a set of interrelated systems operating in different environments, requires new ways of development.  That work is devoted to special methods and means of automation design as a vehicle for the creation of ASD

 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-15 22:25 | 显示全部楼层
lxf11711 发表于 2011-10-16 15:25 | 显示全部楼层
JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-15 22:15
文中对近程系统墨菲斯进行的介绍主要反映了其拱形雷达系统的特点,对于盘泽尔-S和Buk-M2的补充。

对于替 ...

40N6的列装怎么说啊?
g6-52l 发表于 2011-10-16 19:40 | 显示全部楼层
JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-15 22:15
文中对近程系统墨菲斯进行的介绍主要反映了其拱形雷达系统的特点,对于盘泽尔-S和Buk-M2的补充。

对于替 ...

但凡有点脑子,也不会将毛子现代的战略防御系统和A35这个庞大的远古核恐龙挂上关系。
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-16 20:01 | 显示全部楼层
g6-52l 发表于 2011-10-16 19:40
但凡有点脑子,也不会将毛子现代的战略防御系统和A35这个庞大的远古核恐龙挂上关系。

45T6 大改版, 怎么就没关系了?
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-17 23:14 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 JSTCVW09CD 于 2011-10-18 15:36 编辑

http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20111017/167774318.html

-

新一代雷达完成测试


Russia develops new long-range mobile radar


-
Russian scientists have developed and tested a new mobile radar which will soon become part of the country’s aerospace defenses.

The new radar, dubbed 55Zh6ME, is capable of detecting targets at the distance of up to 1,800 kilometers and an altitude of up to 1,200 km.

“The radar has been developed for the Russian Armed Forces, especially for aerospace defenses,” a spokesman for the Nizhniy Novgorod Research Institute of Radio Engineering (NNIIRT) said on Monday.

“The deliveries of the first batch of new radars to the [Russian] military are expected soon,” the official said, adding that the product has strong export potential.

Russia is planning to set up a unified strategic aerospace defense command that would integrate existing air defense and missile defense networks, early warning systems and aerospace monitoring systems.

点评

如果是米波,那性能比AN/TPY-2差远了  发表于 2011-10-18 16:42
估计是米波  发表于 2011-10-18 15:54
什么频段?  发表于 2011-10-18 12:10
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-18 09:32 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 JSTCVW09CD 于 2011-10-18 09:34 编辑
lxf11711 发表于 2011-10-16 15:25
40N6的列装怎么说啊?

40N6的测试刚刚完成。  2012年装备。( 总算完成了)


9M96中程弹的测试估计2012年完成吧。


明年装备两个团, 也就是4个营。


--


头像被屏蔽
haojiang77 发表于 2011-10-18 10:37 | 显示全部楼层
提示: 作者被禁止或删除 内容自动屏蔽
lxf11711 发表于 2011-10-18 11:48 | 显示全部楼层
JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-18 09:32
40N6的测试刚刚完成。  2012年装备。( 总算完成了)

40N6的射高真有165KM?实验应该是拦截中程弹道导弹吧,而且不懂以前军方为什么不满意,而这次又完成测试了,不过总算有动能弹了。。。
lxf11711 发表于 2011-10-18 11:50 | 显示全部楼层
JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-18 09:32
40N6的测试刚刚完成。  2012年装备。( 总算完成了)

9M96测试的是300KM的E3型吧。。。勇士专用弹
lxf11711 发表于 2011-10-18 11:54 | 显示全部楼层
JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-17 23:14
http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20111017/167774318.html

-

这机动雷达性能NB啊,看来我上次把这个和S-500的雷达弄混了。。。
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-18 15:24 | 显示全部楼层
haojiang77 发表于 2011-10-18 10:37
明茨研究所的MARS-E展区预警和指导雷达还发展不了?这个在05年莫斯科展出过的东西就没有消息了!

也在查相关的消息。 不过配备S-500的肯定是移动性的。
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-18 15:25 | 显示全部楼层
lxf11711 发表于 2011-10-18 11:50
9M96测试的是300KM的E3型吧。。。勇士专用弹

勇士的进度要快些。
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-18 15:26 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 JSTCVW09CD 于 2011-10-18 16:02 编辑
lxf11711 发表于 2011-10-18 11:54
这机动雷达性能NB啊,看来我上次把这个和S-500的雷达弄混了。。。

--


现在BAZ的平台是四处开花。


这个三个雷达, 右上角的肯定是米波预警雷达, 这个身板能否有这个探测距离值得怀疑。



左边这两个觉得体积是不是小了点。 而且不是米波雷达。 觉得也不是。



官方消息的配图, 看来也没有拿出真实的图片出来配图。  





http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20111017/167774318.html

-
Russia develops new long-range mobile radar


本帖子中包含更多资源

您需要 登录 才可以下载或查看,没有帐号?注册会员

x
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-18 15:56 | 显示全部楼层
JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-17 23:14
http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20111017/167774318.html

-

http://news.10181.com/guoji/201110/185212.shtml

--

中文版,看着清楚。

-
俄罗斯研制新型远程机动雷达

-

俄罗斯科学家已开发并测试一种新的移动雷达,即将成为该国航空航天防御的一部分。

        这种新型雷达被称为55Zh6ME,能够探测水平距离1800公里,海拔高度1200公里内的目标。

        “这种雷达工艺已经成熟,将为俄罗斯武装部队部署,特别是进行航空航天防御,”一名诺夫哥罗德无线电工程研究协会(NNIIRT)发言人周一表示。

        “首批俄罗斯军事新雷达预计在不久后交付,”这位官员表示,该产品具有较强的出口潜力。

        俄罗斯正计划成立一个统一的战略航空航天防御司令部,将整合现有的防空和导弹防御网络,早期预警系统和航天测控系统。
lxf11711 发表于 2011-10-18 16:00 | 显示全部楼层
JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-18 15:26
--

别拉斯通用性强嘛,S-500的平台老美说就是10X10的全驱,1200KM的探控高度应该有电源车吧,我也倾向于是左上角但感觉是S-400雷达的改进型
lxf11711 发表于 2011-10-18 16:02 | 显示全部楼层
JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-18 15:25
勇士的进度要快些。

2013年勇士和摩尔费都要量产或服役,40KM的基础型9M96已经上舰了
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-18 16:06 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 JSTCVW09CD 于 2011-10-18 16:07 编辑
lxf11711 发表于 2011-10-18 16:00
别拉斯通用性强嘛,S-500的平台老美说就是10X10的全驱,1200KM的探控高度应该有电源车吧,我也倾向于是左 ...

不是Belaz, 那个是白俄罗斯的矿业车辆。


是BAZ.


雷达不在图上面, 官方配图没有给真图。



S-500的载车之一。

-


本帖子中包含更多资源

您需要 登录 才可以下载或查看,没有帐号?注册会员

x
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-10-18 16:09 | 显示全部楼层
lxf11711 发表于 2011-10-18 16:02
2013年勇士和摩尔费都要量产或服役,40KM的基础型9M96已经上舰了

嗯,通用化,包括弹, 包括平台是基本要求。
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册会员

本版积分规则

QQ|申请友链|旗下论坛|小黑屋|手机版|航空航天港 ( 豫ICP备12024513号 )

GMT+8, 2017-11-20 23:36 , Processed in 0.343181 second(s), 20 queries , Gzip On.

Powered by Discuz! X3.2

© 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表