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[战略战术导弹] 俄罗斯空天防御导弹武器系统研发专题

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 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-22 22:25 | 显示全部楼层
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12月20号, 53T6M(?)发射过程

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发射成功

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 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-22 22:26 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 JSTCVW09CD 于 2011-12-22 23:35 编辑

================
12月20号, 53T6M(?)发射过程

=========

发射成功

======

视频的内容说明(原文整理):

In the Sary-Shagan testing site located in Kazakhstan,  a successful launch of the latest missile defense system was conducted . Start was at 12:01 Moscow time.    A fundamentally new development of domestic arms industry is capable of developing a record rate. Almost all the elements of the missile is  used for the first time.

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 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-23 15:03 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 JSTCVW09CD 于 2011-12-23 15:04 编辑

http://mil.huanqiu.com/world/2011-12/2292913.html
==========================

翻译比较准确的, 还是要转一下贴的。

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俄新一代反导系统A235(第一层?)拦截导弹将装核战斗部


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据俄罗斯《纽带》网12月22日报道,俄军方近日在位于哈萨克斯坦境内的萨雷沙甘靶场成功测试了一枚改进型的近程反导导弹。俄国防部发言人介绍称,此次测试的是一枚53T6型拦截导弹,目的是为了检验俄反导弹防御系统所用拦截导弹的技战术性能。


  有分析人士指出,虽然53T6型拦截导弹从1995年便开始服役,是俄A-135战略反导系统的重要组成部分,但此次试射的显然是经过改进的最新型号,只不过其项目代号并未发生改变,而且此次试验很可能是在升级莫斯科反导防御系统的计划的框架内实施的。

俄国防部网站公布的消息称,此次试射的53T6是俄军工系统研制的全新产品,具有极高的飞行速度,导弹的几乎所有组件都是新研发的,其中包括发动机和软件控制系统。
  专家们指出,目前用于保卫莫斯科地区的反导系统是研制于1971年的A-135。根据前苏联国防部的计划,该系统用于替换老式的A-35M。A-135反导系统将配备两种型号的拦截导弹——51T6和52T6,其中前者用于拦截高度100千米以内、距离不超过600千米的远距离目标,而后者则用于拦截距离相对较近的目标。
  而俄新一代反导系统A-235的研制工作则启动于1991年,预计将于2015年完成。新系统由“金刚石-安泰”公司研制。据悉,A-235将会装备“埃利布鲁斯-3M”型超级计算机。至于其拦截装置,将会由三层拦截导弹构成。其中,第一层由改进自51T6的远程拦截导弹构成,可摧毁1500千米高、800千米远的目标;而第二层则由58R6导弹构成,拦截高度为1000千米以内、距离120千米以内的目标。最内一层则由改进型的53T6或是由其发展而成的45T6构成,用于拦截高度350千米以内、距离40—50千米以内的目标。专家们认为,担负第一层拦截任务的导弹将会装备核战斗部。








 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-23 22:01 | 显示全部楼层
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靶场试验53T6 以及采用的Elbrus 芯片的Elbrus计算机

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A-135设计单位--现在已经皈依金刚石-安泰集团综合体

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 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-23 22:03 | 显示全部楼层
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靶场试验53T6 以及采用的Elbrus 芯片的Elbrus计算机

======================

安装试验弹




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 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-23 22:04 | 显示全部楼层
===============================

靶场试验53T6 以及采用的Elbrus 芯片的Elbrus计算机

======================

安装试验弹

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 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-23 22:05 | 显示全部楼层
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靶场试验53T6 以及采用的Elbrus 芯片的Elbrus计算机

======================


安装完毕, 准备发射----控制室的Elbrus 计算机

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 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-23 22:07 | 显示全部楼层
===============================

靶场试验53T6 以及采用的Elbrus 芯片的Elbrus计算机

======================

发射并击中目标


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 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-23 22:17 | 显示全部楼层
======================

http://lenta.ru/articles/2011/12/21/interceptor/

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谷歌翻译整理:

==
Umbrella of the suburbs

Russia has tested a modernized missile defense system

The Russian military conducted on the Kazakh test site Sary-Shagan test an advanced missile short-range missile defense system. Launch was a success; missile hit the conditional target on time. As announced Russian Ministry of Defense, the tests took place antimissile 53T6, which, according to an index, is in service since 1995. However, we can talk about a new tool to intercept, created under the modernization program of Moscow ABM system.

Launching missiles 53T6 place at 12:01 Moscow time on the Sary-Shagan test range in Kazakhstan. The purpose of the test was the confirmation of the tactical and technical characteristics of anti-missile missile defense system. Means to intercept the index 53T6 currently consists of a missile defense system in the A-135, entered service in 1995 and deployed around Moscow. Deputy Commander of the Aerospace Defense Sergei Lobov said that running anti-missile missile struck a conditional goal on time.Soon after reports of trials held at the site of the Ministry of Defence of Russia appeared short video about the launch of 53T6. In it, in particular, argues that the trial of anti-missile missile is a "fundamentally new development of domestic arms industry" capable of developing "top speed", and almost all the elements of rockets "are used for the first time." Presumably, we are talking about some of the structural elements of missile, new engines and upgrade software.

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Surprisingly, although the new missile is "a fundamentally new development", the index remained unchanged, as is commonly done in the case of upgrading existing or developing new weapons. In any case, many important details about the new missiles have not been announced, including belonging to a missile defense system and specifications. The predecessor of the new 53T6 - 53T6 old - with a length of ten meters, the diameter of one meter and weight of about ten tons is capable of hitting ballistic objects at a distance of 80 kilometers and at altitudes up to 30,000 meters.Tests of missiles at Sary-Shagan test range from the adoption of A-135 into service are held regularly. Over the past four years, the current test run was the third and sixth time ever alerting the A-135 ).The penultimate time amm 53T6 in Kazakhstan was launched in October 2010. Presumably, the purpose is to check the latest launches of various components of the improved part of a larger program to modernize the missile defense system to the A-235.Development of a missile defense system A-135 began in 1971. The new missile, which was to replace the obsolete A-35M, was supposed to include two types of missiles - 51T6 intended for trans-atmospheric intercept targets at altitudes of up to one hundred thousand meters and range up to 600 kilometers, and 53T6. The Council of Ministers of the USSR to begin construction of the A-135 was signed in 1978, it also contained an order to start developing a modernized missile defense system.It should be noted that the creation and construction of the A-135 was carried out already in the Soviet-American indefinite "ABM Treaty" signed in 1972. According to the document, each party has the right to build no more than two anti-missile systems equipped with each no more than a hundred fixed launchers. In 1974 terms and conditions have tightened - the parties are now allowed to have no more than one system. United States under a contract put your system at a military base Grand Forks, but a year later dismantled it. The Soviet Union decided to cover the Moscow ABM system. "ABM Treaty" is not valid from June 2002, when the U.S. withdrew from the agreement and began to develop its own missile defense system in Europe.Construction of the A-135 for the most part ended in the mid-1980s. During the creation of a series of successful tests, which confirmed the ability to intercept ballistic missiles purposes, including such complex, as cloven warheads of individual guidance. On duty firing complexes A-135, has a total of one hundred missiles, rose in 1995, after lengthy testing and refinement.In addition to missiles (51T6, according to unconfirmed reports, were fitted with nuclear warheads to increase the chances of destroying ballistic targets) in the A-135 came in and radar "Don-2NP," placed far from the Moscow region Sofrino. Radar is a truncated pyramid, the length and width are equal to one hundred meters, and height - 35 meters. This station is capable of controlling the space at a distance of two thousand kilometers (other sources - 3,7 thousand kilometers) and at an altitude of 40 thousand kilometers. The radar provides the supercomputer "Elbrus-2."Officially 51T6 missiles were removed from the set of A-135 in 2002-2003 due to end of life. However, according to unconfirmed reports, they are still in the mines and are on alert. In addition, it is considered that the modernized or 51T6 missiles, based on them, will become part of the modernized A-235. Contract for the last signed in 1991. Completion of works is scheduled for 2015.A development of 235 deals with the Russian company "Almaz-Antei", leading the work on several projects: RTC-181M (the same A-235) and "Airplane-M" (the creation of new warheads for missiles). Reliable information on the upgraded missile defense system there. We only know that in 2009, Concern "Radio and Information Systems" has completed the modernization of the radar receiver sections, "Don-2NP" and produced the upgraded kits transmitting station sections.Presumably, the computing power of the A-135 in the updated A-235 will be replaced, instead of the outdated "Elbrus-2" will set a new supercomputer "Elbrus-3M(实际上已经更换成Elbrus-3M计算机了)". In addition, A-235 will consist of three levels. The composition of long-range missiles will train on the basis of 51T6, capable of hitting targets at ranges up to 1.5 thousand kilometers and at altitudes of up to 800 thousand meters. For the middle tier will be created 58R6 firing complex, designed to engage targets at ranges of up to thousands of kilometers and at altitudes of up to 120 thousand meters.Finally, in passing train can be included missile 53T6M (probably one of them has been tested and December 20, 2011) or 45T6 (53T6 are based on). They can destroy targets at a distance of 350 kilometers and in height, according to various estimates, 40-50 thousand meters. Presumably, the long-range missile train will be equipped with nuclear warheads.Until now, work to create a modernized version of the A-135 were conducted in an atmosphere of silence - in the press leaked limited information on missile launches, the creation of advanced structural elements or the prospects of developing new types of missiles.

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It seems that the current hype around the trials held in Kazakhstan missile (deliberate eulogy of the principal military and novelty "record speed" and even the publication of video on the site run the Defense Ministry, which has never been done before) has become part of the current government policy response to the deployment of U.S. missile defense system in Europe. In the same way as they were, and deploying a new radar nadgorizontnoy in Kaliningrad, and many other steps that are actually quite effective, but excessively and awkwardly make an issue of political rhetoric in favor of the Russian government.Since 2008, Russia and the CIS creates a unified system of air and missile defense, designed to combine the management and exchange of information between different systems. In fact, within the framework of the combined system will be erased the line between tactical and strategic missile defense system in Russia. At the same time in Russia in December, nearly completed the formation of air and space defense - from December 1, 2011 to alert the troops barred ASD.The concept of the new unified system involves the creation of multilayered missile defense system. It will include short-range "Tunguska", "Tor-M2" and "Armour-C1" and medium-and long-range S-300, S-400 and from 2015 - C-500. Currently, all of these complexes form and object troop defense, but not formally belong to the tactical missile defense Russia. The upper "layer" of a single Russian missile defense, obviously, will be A-235.In January 2011, Russian General Staff chief Gen. Nikolai Makarov, said that the combined system will enable the country to get "umbrella," which closes it, "against ballistic missiles of intermediate range missiles, cruise missiles from various bases - air, sea, land - in including extremely low altitudes at any time, in any situation. "


tomluter 发表于 2011-12-23 23:45 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 tomluter 于 2011-12-23 23:47 编辑

很不了解俄罗斯新的反导发展,看起来发展的是一些实战装备,非验证试验。这里帖子零散,有没有一个清晰脉络的总结文?

点评

本来就是实战装备。  发表于 2011-12-24 00:25
yuhouwucaihong 发表于 2011-12-25 00:50 | 显示全部楼层
http://www.lenta.ru/news/2011/12/15/torm2/
白俄罗斯的道尔M2到货了,之前还以为这玩意儿会烂尾
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-25 01:02 | 显示全部楼层
yuhouwucaihong 发表于 2011-12-25 00:50
http://www.lenta.ru/news/2011/12/15/torm2/
白俄罗斯的道尔M2到货了,之前还以为这玩意儿会烂尾

据说买了10多套?
yuhouwucaihong 发表于 2011-12-25 01:11 | 显示全部楼层
JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-25 01:02
据说买了10多套?

对,可惜没图,不知道白毛以后会不会买S400
yuhouwucaihong 发表于 2011-12-25 01:13 | 显示全部楼层
铠甲的雷达,不知道是有源还是无源另外,J大,为什么会有两种底盘?还有,阿联酋的50部交完货没?

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 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-25 01:17 | 显示全部楼层
yuhouwucaihong 发表于 2011-12-25 01:13
铠甲的雷达,不知道是有源还是无源另外,J大,为什么会有两种底盘?还有,阿联酋的50部交完货没?

MAN的底盘只有一辆样车, 如此而已。

实际上就是给出口可以一个选择底盘的机会呗。
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-25 22:31 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 JSTCVW09CD 于 2011-12-25 22:34 编辑

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新服役的SKY-UE雷达( 改进型的)具体参数

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对付的目标很清楚。  

对不同目标RCS的监控能力。



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 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-27 21:10 | 显示全部楼层
yuhouwucaihong 发表于 2011-12-25 00:50
http://www.lenta.ru/news/2011/12/15/torm2/
白俄罗斯的道尔M2到货了,之前还以为这玩意儿会烂尾

俄罗斯也正式列装了新的道尔-M2U
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-27 23:58 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 JSTCVW09CD 于 2011-12-28 00:25 编辑

http://www.warandpeace.ru/ru/news/view/65156/

===============

道尔-M2U 在2011年10月份于卡斯普金武器试验场完成国家验收试验。  正式列装俄军


同时装备的还有改进型的Buk-M2, S-300V4等。

另外,还有新装备新的统一化指挥,控制和武器自动化管理平台,包括军区,旅级的自动化指挥控制系统Glade-D4M1以及更小单元的战术级自动化指挥控制系统Barnaul-T。

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This year, SAM "Tor-M2" has been accepted by the air defense troops of the army


Defense Forces (PVO) of the Land Forces (Army) celebrates 96th anniversary of the formation, reported in the Office of Press and Information Defense Ministry.


In 2011 academic year, more than 90 compounds, military units and air defense units firing CB performed more than 50% of them rated as "good" and "excellent", showing a willingness to perform tasks in all kinds of fighting, both independently and in collaboration with units of other services and arms Sun

As shown by practical actions of troops on the firing ranges, training soldiers and officers has grown significantly, particularly in practical terms. Analysis of the results of the last school year indicates that there is a tendency of increasing the intensity and quality of combat training from the previous year.

The basis of the weapons systems are army air defense anti-aircraft missile systems and complexes (SAM and SAM), S-300V3, "Buk-M2", "Tor-M1", "Osa-AKM", "Tunguska-M1" MANPADS "Igla". The main means of automatic control are complex automation (CSA) "Glade-D4M1", intended to equip command posts of the military districts, armies, air defense missile brigades in the mobile and stationary versions, and a single RCA "Barnaul-T" - to equip the units defense of separate motorized rifle (tank) teams.

By means of intelligence are mobile radar (SAR) standby, "Heaven-SV", "Sky-IED" and combat mode "Ginger", "Overview", "Dome", as well as portable radar "harmony." Are currently under R & D of next-generation air defense systems. The basic directions of the technological basis for such work are microelectronics, computer science and robotics.

After modernization, the S-300V has increased the range of aerodynamic destruction of aerial targets up to 400 miles, covered areas from impacts of operational-tactical and tactical missiles - in 3-4 times.

Currently, the Army Air Defense Forces entered the modified system "Buk-M2", which provides for maintaining the same number of combat means increasing the number of simultaneously engaged targets for the division of air from 6 to 24, the area covered up the troops and facilities - by 2.5 times, the possibility of defeat TR with a range of start-up to 150-200 km. Work is being completed on a new medium-range air defense missile systems, which range in defeat, while the number of the targeted goals and rate of destruction at times surpass its predecessor.

This year, the Army Air Defense Forces entered a new version of SAM "Tor-M2", which has now been on the characteristics of the simultaneous bombardment of a combat vehicle air four goals - only one in the world. Compared with the previous modification of it has a 1.5-fold increase in the parameter affected area for height, speed and course setting.

In the interests of management are working to create a new unified management systems for different levels of command and control and weapons. At the tactical level are scheduled equipment Brigadier sets of controls from the CSA's "Barnaul-T", which corresponds to the basic characteristics and maneuverability, security, interoperability management tools, time formulation of the problem means fighting over their foreign counterparts. The passage of teams (information) from the chief of air defense teams to combat vehicle SAM (SAM) is less than 1 sec.

Military formations of army air defense intended to cover the troops and facilities troop logistics, critical infrastructure of the state, located in the zone of responsibility combined arms commander. With rapid development of an aerospace attack foreign armies connection, military and air defense units have become an integral part of the combined arms formations from tactical to operational and strategic level.

 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-28 00:31 | 显示全部楼层
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新装备的统一管理平台--综合化战术级自动化指挥控制系统Barnaul-T。

装备车臣军区的一些训练使用图片

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 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-28 00:33 | 显示全部楼层
=================================================
新装备的统一管理平台--综合化战术级自动化指挥,控制和武器系统Barnaul-T。

装备车臣军区的一些训练使用图片

==========



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