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[民用核能] 俄罗斯核电(以及俄国家原子能公司)发展和扩张专题

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 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-12 21:48 | 显示全部楼层
http://www.rusnews.cn/eguoxinwen ... 11212/43249401.html

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普京启动加里宁核电站四号机组

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俄新网RUSNEWS.CN乌多姆利亚(特维尔州)12月12日电 特维尔州加里宁核电站四号机组启用额定功率的50%。俄罗斯总理普京出席了新机组启用仪式。

加里宁核电站四号机组功率为1000兆瓦,2007年开始建设。该机组实际上于2011年10月20日启动,核电站已经进行了两次将新机组接入网络的试验。

加里宁核电站位于特维尔州北部,距离莫斯科350公里,是俄罗斯中部最大的发电站。这个核电站分为两个部分。1号机组和2号机组的功率各为1000兆瓦,采用VVER- 1000型反应堆,分别建于1984年和1986年。3号机组2004年投入使用。

新机组的总承建商是下诺夫哥罗德的“核电工程公司”。
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-16 23:02 | 显示全部楼层
http://www.rusnews.cn/eguoxinwen ... 11216/43257447.html

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印度计划在两周内启用库丹库拉姆核电站

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俄新网RUSNEWS.CN莫斯科12月16日电 正在莫斯科访问的印度总理辛格表示,印度政府计划在近期内与阻挠库丹库拉姆核电站施工的抗议者达成协议,并在两周内启用核电站一号机组,二号机组将在半年后启用。

辛格说:“我们期望,实施与俄罗斯商定的核能合作路线图,库丹库拉姆核电站1号2号机组已经处于收尾阶段,但出现一些问题,当地居民担心核能的安全问题。我深信,我们能够消除人们的忧虑。至于安全问题其实不用担心。”

他还说:“一二周后将有可能启动一号机组,6个月内启动二号机组。”
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-16 23:04 | 显示全部楼层
http://www.rusnews.cn/eguoxinwen ... 11216/43257221.html

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消息人士:由于居民抗议俄印推迟签署核电站扩建合同

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俄新网RUSNEWS.CN莫斯科12月16日电 参加俄罗斯印度高层谈判的一名消息人士透露,由于印度当地居民抗议并封锁工地,双方推迟了签署印度库丹库拉姆核电站二期工程合同的日期。

原计划在16日俄印峰会期间,双方签署修建库丹库拉姆核电站第三和第四发电机组的二期工程合同,但最终双方未能签署。

这名消息人士说,“所有文件都已经准备完毕,一些问题也已经敲定”,但印度方面请求稍微推迟,以便向当地居民解释并证明核电站的安全性,以最终解决当地居民抗议问题。

在俄罗斯的帮助下,印度几乎完成了该国南部的库丹库拉姆核电站前两台发电机组的修建。由于当地居民抗议反对核能,核电站没有启动运转。抗议者封锁了所有前往核电站的道路并不让工人进入工地施工。

俄原子能公司总裁基里延科对记者说,俄罗斯计划为修建核电站第三、四号机组向印度提供贷款,条件是所有设备购买俄罗斯产设备。

基里延科以商业秘密为由拒绝透露具体的贷款额度,他指出这笔贷款数额在数十亿美元左右。
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-16 23:55 | 显示全部楼层
OKB Gidropress signed a contract to develop VVER-600-based N-plant project

16.12.2011
                                                               
OKB Gidropress has signed a contract with the Design and Engineering Branch of Rosenergoatom for R&D related to development of a nuclear power plant project with VVER-600 reactor, OKB Gidropress said on December 16
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-22 22:48 | 显示全部楼层
Techsnabexport doesn’t exclude building one more enrichment plant in the PRC

22.12.2011
                                                               
Techsnabexport doesn’t exclude a possibility of building another gaseous centrifuge plant in China, company’s director general Alexey Grigoriev said at a briefing in Moscow on December 21. According to Grigoriev, the Chinese expressed “such interest” at the negotiations, however, Techsnabexport is “very cautious” about the issue
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2011-12-26 23:03 | 显示全部楼层
UMP signed a term contract for supply of fuel pellets to China

26.12.2011
                                                               
The Ulba Metallurgical Plant (UMP) has signed a long-term fuel pellet supply contract with the Chinese companies CGNPC Uranium Resources Co., China Nuclear Fuel South Company (CNFSC) and China Nuclear Energy Industry Corporation (CNEIC). According to a UMP statement of December 22, the contract with the Chinese companies was concluded already in November。
lxf11711 发表于 2011-12-28 16:15 | 显示全部楼层
20%浓缩铀产量不足,问毛子进口?

点评

自己研读呗。  发表于 2011-12-28 18:05
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2012-1-7 12:39 | 显示全部楼层
http://www.rosatom.ru/wps/wcm/co ... c5b82b9e3a85f0fb497

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ROSATOM. Review of 2011

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In November 2011 the first power program was completed at Kalinin NPP Unit 4 (Tver Region), which is the largest investment project in the region and one of key emerging nuclear power facilities.

In December 2011 Chairman of the Government of Russia V. Putin took part in the ceremony of power build up to 50% of nominal at Kalinin NPP Unit 4. Achievement of 100% power and commissioning of the unit for commercial operation is planned for April 2012.

The commissioning of Unit 4 means additional 1,000 MW of power supplied to the grid of the most industrially developed Central and North-West Regions of Russia. There is a certain shortage of electricity and Unit 4 will help to bridge this gap. Besides, it is a part of a large-scale nuclear capacity build up program under which work goes on 6 construction sites. The commissioning of Kalinin NPP Unit 4 confirms that ROSATOM has finally shifted to a series construction of power units.

It is important to note that Kalinin NPP Unit 4 was built not only ahead of schedule but also featured a substantial saving of 7 billion rubles (about 10% of the construction cost estimates). This became possible owing to the program of cost reduction program, optimization and improvement of procurement transparency, as well as de-monopolization of the market of large-size vessel equipment.

Kalinin NPP Unit 4 is not just the 33-rd nuclear power unit in Russia but also additional 7.5 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity annually.
  

In 2011 Russian nuclear specialists completed the first power program at Bushehr NPP in Iran, started the experimental fast neutron reactor CEFR and gaseous centrifuge plant in China.

In Iran Bushehr NPP was connected to the national grid. The plant construction was started by German specialists and lasted more than 30 years. The plant was built under full control by the IAEA. The plant commissioning is a confirmation that Russian nuclear specialists are capable of solving issues of any technological complexity; they integrated process equipment of the Russian design with building structures designed by the Germans, more than 12,000 tons of German equipment was integrated with the Russian project. Ten world countries were suppliers of the Iranian plant. Bushehr NPP was connected to the grid on September 3 with the plant releasing 60 MW of power. In December 2011 the pant reached 50% power.

In China the Chinese Experimental Fast Reactor (CEFR) was commissioned to make China the fourth country after Russia, France and Japan which now has the fast neutron reactor technology. The Chinese reactor is cooled with sodium; its thermal power is 65 MW (25 MW electric); it was built with active participation of Russian specialists.

Besides, Phase Four of the gaseous centrifuge plant in China was put on line 9 months ahead of schedule. Now, a total capacity of enrichment plants built in the PRC with the Russian technical assistance is already 1.5 million SWUs.

The construction of a nuclear power plant in India (Kudankulam) has been completed; date when the plant will be started up depends on a decision of local authorities. Kudankulam meets all “post-Fukushima” safety requirements. Passive safety systems installed at the plant will ensure absolute safety of the plant in case of an accident without water, electricity and personnel.

ROSATOM’s successes in the international market reconfirm high competitiveness of Russian nuclear technologies, given requirements for safety of nuclear facilities have become more stringent after the accident at Fukushima-Daiichi plant.

  
ROSATOM has nearly doubled a number of NPP construction projects abroad. Currently, it has contracts for construction of 21 new power units (in 2010 the contracts were signed for construction of 12 power units.

Intergovernmental agreements were signed on nuclear construction projects in the territory of the Republic of Belarus, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Republic of Bangladesh. In furtherance of these agreements on the 11-th of October an agreement was signed between Atomstroyexport (a ROSATOM company) and MD Directorate for Construction of the nuclear Power Plant (the Republic of Belarus) concerning construction of Units 1 and 2 of a NPP in Belarus. As regard the contract to build the plant in Vietnam, in November 2011 at the meeting of co-chairmen of the Russian-Vietnamese intergovernmental commission of ministries of finance of the two countries an agreement was signed concerning provision of a loan for construction of Vietnam’s first NPP. Preparatory works have been started on the site.

A growth of number of ROSATOM’s orders abroad is evidence of trust of foreign partners in Russian technologies. Designs, which Russian nuclear specialists are implementing both in Russia and abroad, pertain to generation III+ and include both active and passive safety systems. Power units being built abroad have double reactor containment, passive heat removal system, hydrogen recombiners, core melt trap and other systems. They fully meet the “post-Fukushima” safety requirements.

  
In 2011 Techsnabexport signed new contracts to substantially strengthen its positions on the enriched uranium supply market.

In September 2011 at the 36-th Symposium of the World Nuclear Association (WNA) in London TENEX (a ROSATOM company) and the U.S. largest nuclear operator Exelon Generation Company LLC signed another long-term contract for enrichment services.

This was the thirteenth contract concluded by TENEX with the U.S. companies under the Amendment to the Suspension Agreement signed in February 2008. This amendment paved the way for direct commercial deliveries of uranium product to the USA market.

Earlier, in the frames of the International Forum ATOMEXPO 2011 in Moscow in June 2011 a mid-term contract for deliveries of low enriched uranium to the USA was signed by ROSATOM’s TENEX and the U.S. utility PSEG Nuclear LLC. The deal was done in the presence of ROSATOM Director General S. Kirienko and U.S. Secretary of Energy S. Chu.
  

ROSATOM’s uranium mining division – Uranium Holding ARMZ – became the world’s second in the mineral resources base.

In 2011, a natural uranium mining outcome in Russia and abroad amounted to more than 7,000 tons (up 35.7% against 2010). As of January 1, 2012, a volume of the mineral resources base (resources plus reserves) will amount to 755,000 tons (of which 513,000 tons in Russia). With that, an amount of controlled uranium resources with a prime cost of mining of less than US$80 per kg is 184,000 tons (up 22.6% against the similar indicator of 2010).

According to the 2011 results, a value of international orders portfolio of Uranium Holding ARMZ for 10 years, including its affiliate, Uranium One Inc., was US$2.6 billion (in current prices). The company is capable of meeting in full requirements of the Russian nuclear industry as regards production of completed, more advanced process stage products for export. The acquisition of the controlling block of stock of Uranium One Inc. and the Australian firm Mantra Resources Limited with uranium assets in Africa made possible for ROSATOM to secure fuel supplies not only to already existing nuclear power plants in Russia and abroad but also those which will be built in the coming years.

ROSATOM spent about US$2 billion for development of its resource base in the recent years. The coming of Russian shareholders in Uranium One Inc. turned out to be beneficial for the company’s business and seriously raised its financial indicators. This is a great reputational success of ROSATOM in the international market.
  

In 2011 the governmental defense order was 100% fulfilled by ROSATOM’s nuclear weapons complex enterprises.

In his traditional address to nuclear industry workers S. Kirienko commented: “We have what is to be proud of this year. The governmental defense order has been fulfilled 100%. We say these words each year and at times start perceiving them as a self-evident thing. But such situation is not in typical for all industries; therefore, the 100% fulfillment of the governmental defense order is a great and important victory.”

ROSATOM’s nuclear weapons complex (NWC) supports the nuclear deterrence policy this country is pursuing. It operates together with enterprises of the defense industry complex of Russia.
  

In the area of nuclear and radiation safety, one of the most important events of 2011 was the commissioning of the dry storage facility for spent nuclear fuel at MCC.

In the area of nuclear and radiation safety, one of the most important events of 2011 was the commissioning of the dry storage facility for spent nuclear fuel (SNF SF) at MCC. On the 19-th of
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2012-1-7 12:40 | 显示全部楼层
December ROSATOM Director General Sergey Kirienko approved a SNF SF availability record. This means that one of the largest projects of ROSATOM in the field of SNF management has been successfully implemented.

The dry (air-cooled) storage facility is designed to host SNF from Russia-designed RBMK-1000 and VVER-1000 reactors. It is a unique structure which does not have world analogues in terms of its size, safety level and engineering solutions. The facility construction started in 2004. The successful implementation of the project is another step towards establishing a technological complex for closing the nuclear fuel cycle at the Mining and Chemical Combine.

The dry storage facility design was reviewed by international experts. “All IAEA requirements are observed. The facility is very seismically sound and meets all regulatory requirements,” MCC Director General Petr Gavrilov noted.
  

In February 2011, an indigenous petaflop-class supercomputer was commissioned to bring Russia to the top ten world leaders in supercomputer capacity.

By the end of 2011 capacity of supercomputers designed by RFNC VNIIEF was brought to 1.7 petaflops and made accessible for more than 1,000 users in 36 organizations. The supercomputer resources are used 98-99% with round-the-clock operation.

The development of indigenous supercomputers is a key direction of modernization of the country’s economy. The development of such high technology project allows reducing dependence on international producers. Such projects are very important for retaining and advancing the country’s scientific potential, because they provide a work load for research institutes which not only keep them up but also supports their development.
  

During the navigation season of 2011 Rosatomflot’s nuclear icebreakers supported 34 transit trips of ships via the Northern Sea Route; this is by 8.5 times more than in the previous year.

During the navigation season of 2011 Rosatomflot’s nuclear icebreakers supported 34 transit trips of ships via the Northern Sea Route. Ships steered by nuclear icebreakers transported 820,789 tons of liquid and bulk cargoes, with 10 ships sailed in ballast. For comparison, in 2010 four transit trips were performed to carry 110,000 tons of cargoes, with 2 ships sailed in ballast.

On the whole, 567 ship steering operations, transit trips exclusive, took place on the Northern Sea Route in 2011. In February-April in the White Sea (Vitino Seaport) 67 ships were steered. In the Gulf of Finland, the Vaigach nuclear icebreaker did 258 steering operations from February till April.

Also, in 2011 a speed record of passing the route was broken. On the 30-th of August the Sovkomflot’s suezmax tanker Vladimir Tikhomirov finished a trip via the Northern Sea Route. It took her just 7.4 days at an average speed of 14 knots to cover the route. She was steered by Rosatomflot’s nuclear icebreakers 50 Let Pobedy and Yamal. The record was set owing to well-concerted and professional actions of crews of all ships involved in the operation.

These records demonstrate that steering via the Northern Sea Route is more economically effective for Russian and international companies because they take less time than trips via the Suez Channel and much safer since there are no pirates. Advancement of operations at this Arctic route strengthens profile of Rosatomflot among large commercial companies and lays account with further commercialization of this area. In long term, more active operations on the Northern Sea Route will secure geopolitical and economic leadership of Russia in the Arctic.
  

On the 18-th of December Phase One of Mo-99 production line was commissioned in frames of ROSATOM’s project of development of molybdenum-99 production at NIIAR.

The project to set up Mo-99 production at NIIAR has been implemented by ROSATOM in accordance with the project launched by the Commission for Modernization of Russian Economy under the President of Russia. The project active phase started in mid-2010 and on the 18-th of December Phase One of the production was commissioned.

A total cost of the project is about RUB1 billion. Commissioning of Phase Two of the molybdenum-99 production in the Research Institute of Atomic Reactors in Dimitrovgrad will take place in 2012 as planned. With commissioning of Phase Two, Mo-99 output should reach 800 Curies per week. ROSATOM is faced by a task of a sizable increase in the Mo-99 export potential and next year it is planned to start selling this isotope across the world.

The commissioning of new Mo-99 production capacities in 2011 allowed replacing reactors in Obninsk-based IPPE shut down for a scheduled outage and meet the market needs.
  

The Standard & Poor’s rating agency raised the term rating of Atomenergoprom from ВВВ- up to ВВВ with the “Stable” forecast.

In December 2011 the Standard & Poor’s rating service raised the long-term credit rating of the Russian state-owned holding Atomenergoprom from ВВВ- up to ВВВ. At the same time, the short-term rating А-3 and national rating ruAAA were confirmed. The rating forecast is “Stable.”

Atomenergoprom for the first time prepared an audited financial statement as per IAS for 2010. Standard & Poor’s believe this conditioned a better transparency of the company and lower information risk.

The Standard & Poor’s report notes that the vertically integrated business model and secured monopoly in the area of the civil nuclear industry in the Russian Federation positively influence business solvency of the company. Ratings of Atomenergoprom reflect a very high probability for the company to receive timely and sufficiently prompt support from the Russian Government in case of a financial stress. Besides, Atomenergoprom has strong positions in the world market in segments such as uranium mining, conversion and enrichment, and in fabrication of fuel rods.

A rating assigned by leading international rating agencies is the most important indicator which influences the cost of credit financing attracted by a company. An increase in the rating with stable forecast will allow Atomenergoprom to borrow money at a lower rate from a broader circle of investors.
  

In December at the Nuclear Industry Suppliers’ Forum ATOMEX 2011, the head ROSATOM S. Kirienko noted that according to the 2011 results, an economic effect of optimization of procurement procedures would amount to RUB23 billion.

S. Kirienko also said that priorities of the procurement system were reliability, safety and quality; and only under these terms price was reduced. “An outcome of the 9-month work in 2011 is RUB17.4 billion that is comparable with results of 2010. A number of open tenders have nearly doubled as compared to the last year: from 24,000 in 2010 up to 46,000 this year. Purchases made through open tenders only were RUB370 billion just for 9 months of 2011,” Kirienko emphasized.

“The next year we plan for 45,000 open procurement procedures worth more than RUB390 billion,” the ROSATOM Director General said, adding that after refining the latest data from enterprises “these numbers will slightly grow.”
         

Rosenergoatom was granted a construction license for Baltic NPP.

In November 2011 Rosenergoatom Concern was granted a Rostechnadzor license for construction of Unit 1 of Baltic NPP (Neman District, Kaliningrad Region).

 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2012-1-7 12:40 | 显示全部楼层
According to provisions of the Convention on Nuclear Safety and the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention), ROSATOM sent materials of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of Baltic NPP to all bordering states. By date, official consultations on the EIA have been held in Sweden, Latvia, Poland, Estonia, Belarus, Germany, Denmark, Finland and Norway.

“ROSATOM has always expressed readiness to provide the necessary information on Baltic NPP at the first request from foreign colleagues, and in future we are ready to give additional explanations. We believe that provision of information in such public-sensitive sphere as nuclear power is absolutely necessary. Our consultations in the spirit of the Espoo Convention are one of manifestations of the openness policy ROSATOM is implementing both in Russia and abroad,” S. Boyarkin, Program Director of the Capital Projects Office of ROSATOM, points out.
  

In January 2011 the agreement between Russia and the USA concerning the cooperation in the peaceful use of atomic energy came into force.

The agreement which allows the U.S. companies to cooperate with Russia in the peaceful uses of atomic energy came into force after an exchange in diplomatic notes between the two countries in Moscow.

The document will facilitate the joint work on design of reactors which reduce a risk of nuclear proliferation. It creates conditions for research and development in frames of which the American national laboratories and industry, in a partnership with Russian colleagues, will explore areas such as fuel fabrication, innovative types of fuel and advanced reactor designs.

The agreement supports American and Russian commercial interests by simplifying the process of establishment of joint ventures and permitting sales of nuclear materials and equipment to each other. Experts estimate that this will put relations between Russia and the USA in the nuclear sphere on a more sound footing. The American and Russian companies will be able to jointly develop state-of-the-art nuclear reactors, approaches to the nuclear fuel cycle and advanced technologies which are safe and reliable.

Russia and the USA will be able to cooperate in joint development of technologies that facilitate arms control and nonproliferation, create a legal framework for joint studies into conversion of research reactors from highly enriched to low enriched uranium.

The 123 Agreement will facilitate the cooperation in nuclear forensic, preventing nuclear materials from getting in hands of terrorists and providing conditions for broadening the technical cooperation in the joint development of international security measures of the next generation.

  
In December the Japanese Parliament ratified the Agreement on the Cooperation in the Peaceful Use of Atomic Energy between Russia and Japan.

On the whole, the bilateral agreement on the cooperation in the peaceful use of atomic energy is aimed at creating new opportunities for producers in Russia and Japan. In this country, it means a perspective of broadening the business of ROSATOM’s companies, such as Techsnabexport, NIAEP, Atomenergomash, Uranium Holding ARMZ and other. Political constraints are lifted and now the two countries can start implementing specific mutually beneficial projects.

Russia and Japan signed the agreement on the cooperation in the peaceful use of atomic energy in 2009, and the Russian Parliament ratified it in the end of 2010.

  
ROSATOM is building up investments in research and developments (R&D). As compared to 2006 they have growth by seven times.

ROSATOM is actively developing innovative technologies and mastering production of new materials.

In particular, the development of standard optimized large power water-water reactors VVER-TOI (standard optimized informatized reactor) is nearing the end; this will allow reducing construction costs by 20% and expediting the construction process up to 40 months. The design is expected to submit for licensing as planned in December 2012.

Also, the development of a design of the small lead-bismuth-cooled power reactor SVBR-100, which is carried out jointly with EuroSibEnergo, is nearing completion. According to a presidential decree, in October 2011 AKME-engineering was given the status of a full-fledged participant of Russia’s nuclear market and entered the community of 36 national legal entities which have the right to own nuclear materials and installations.

The project of development and construction of a pilot power unit with the SVBR-100 reactor is implemented through the public-private partnership by AKME-engineering in the framework of the federal target program “Nuclear Power Technologies of the New Generation in 2010-2015 and until 2020” and is on the list of projects of the Commission for Modernization and Technological Development of Russia under the President of Russia in the area “New Technological Platform: closed nuclear cycle and fast neutron reactors.” Construction of the pilot commercial power unit with a SVBR-100 reactor is planned for 2013-2017; its first criticality and first power are set for the second half of 2017. The pilot power unit should become the prototype of series-built nuclear facilities for regional and local energy systems.

In 2011 the Russian producer of superconductors for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project – Chepetsky Mechanical Plant (CMP) – reached its design capacity. Planned output of superconductors is 50 tons of strands (superconducting complex-structure wire of copper and niobium-tantalum shapes) per year. After completion of the ITER order, the plant plans to supply superconducting materials for medicine and industry applications. In particular, it is planned that superconductors will be actively used in manufacture of domestic tomographs.
  

In December, in Smolensk on the premises of the Smolensk State University the 14-th Nuclear Information Center was inaugurated.

The inauguration ceremony was attended by representatives of the Smolensk regional and city administrations, ROSATOM, Smolensk nuclear power plant, as well as representatives of the scientific and pedagogical community.

It is the 14-th center in the country. Similar centers already operate in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Vladimir, Yekaterinburg, Ulyanovsk, Voronezh, Kaliningrad, Murmansk, Nizhniy Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Rostov-on-Don, Tomsk, and Chelyabinsk.

Each information center is a state-of-the-art multimedia cinema which combines a panoramic 3D projection, computer graphics and animation, stereo sound, interactive consoles and personal displays. The technologies in use “immerse” a spectator in the virtual reality. The basic product of the information center is a 45-minute multimedia show staged as a virtual performance “The World of Atomic Energy.” The show program is universal and designed for an unprepared audience of 2-11-grade schoolchildren (though the demonstrated programs are interesting for adults as well).
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2012-1-7 20:06 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 JSTCVW09CD 于 2012-1-7 20:09 编辑

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http://www.rosatom.ru/wps/wcm/co ... b6c8e25dfa86ec73327

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手把手..........

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TENEX expects record breaking proceeds in 2011


02.12.2011 12:53  |   RIA Novosti

Russian company “Techsnabexport”(TENEX), the world’s largest supplier of uranium products, intends to grasp in the upcoming years a significant share of the US uranium market and expand its presence on the global market. TENEX General Director Alexey Grigoriev tells about the Company’s record breaking results in 2011 and unique commissioning of the fourth line of the uranium enrichment plant in China, as well as about ambitious plans for the future and projected uranium prices. His vis-a-vis is Andrei Reznichenko, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific and Environmental News department, RIA Novosti news agency.

- You have recently returned from China where you attended start-up of the fourth line of uranium enrichment plant constructed with Russian technical assistance. This is really a unique commissioning – the facility was ready nine months ahead of the scheduled date. It happened for the first time in the history of Russian nuclear industry and in the history of Soviet nuclear industry also. What impressed you most?

- Firstly, by commissioning of this plant we actually fulfilled Russian obligations before China under the Intergovernmental Agreement on construction of this enrichment complex. The plant is located in the city of Hanzhong, where the first and second lines are located also. From the outside the difference between the lines may not seem so striking, while the interior differs substantially. The equipment is arranged in a different way and cascades are positioned differently. Everything looks so beautiful, and the equipment operates faultlessly. During my thirty-year work experience I visited practically all separation plants in the world, but the fourth line in China is a model one – the plant has a compact size, is aesthetically designed and, what is most important –  it is a reliable and cost-efficient facility. The plant’s commissioning long ahead of the scheduled date has shown the efficiency of cooperation between TENEX and our Chinese partner – the Chinese Nuclear Energy Industry Company (CNEIC), and became an important landmark in overseas construction of nuclear facilities based on the Russian technology. It is commonly known that timing of construction of the sophisticated industrial facilities often lag behind schedule. We know a lot of examples on the subject. For instance, nearly all NPPs recently constructed worldwide were commissioned lagging behind the initial schedule. As for TENEX we have managed to complete design, construction and start-up of a facility with capacity of 500 separative work units per year (SWU is a unit for measuring energy consumed for uranium enrichment) within a record-breaking period of 27 months. I can’t remember any other example of the kind.

- What equipment was supplied to China under the contract?

- The contract included supplies of the entire basic (gaseous centrifuges) and auxiliary equipment, technical assistance in designing, assembly, start-up and training of Chinese specialists. In this context it should be noted that the Russian technical personnel worked permanently at the Hanzhong site with the total number occasionally reaching 100 specialists. Nearly one hundred nuclear industry and invited enterprises and companies were involved in the project throughout its implementation. The core entity was the designer of gaseous centrifuge plants JSC VNIIPIET Head Institute, and, certainly, the key facilities of the Rosatoms’ Fuel Company – JSC TVEL, such as JSC VPA Tochmash, JSC Kovrov Mechanical Plant (KVMZ), JSC Electrochemical Plant (ECP), JSC Urals Electrochemical Integrated Plant (UEIP) and JSC Angarsk Electrolysis Chemical Combine (AECC) – the latter became the training site for the Chinese specialists. I want to stress one more important thing also – not only the optimum design and technological conditions have been streamlined during the implementation of this contract by the joint efforts of our specialists, but also the principles of efficient collaboration with our Chinese partners have been tuned up. All this served a solid foundation for implementing of our possible new joint projects. A lot of Chinese-made equipment was used in power supply, ventilation and other engineering networks. However, as far as the plant’s basic and auxiliary equipment of the separation cascades is concerned – everything was manufactured in Russia. In case new similar projects of the kind emerge in future, the share of Chinese equipment that is notable for its high quality could significantly increase.

- What is the current situation in Russia concerning the upgrade of our park of centrifuges for uranium enrichment?

- Today generation VIII centrifuges for uranium enrichment are operated in Russia. I would like to underline that the machines working in China are different ones. New Russian machine has a higher output and is more cost-efficient. But, of course, the work for development of the new models is underway. These will be principally different, much more cost-efficient machines.

- What are your predictions of TENEX financial results in 2011? What would be the output of commercial export of uranium products in 2011, how different it would be as compared to 2010?

- Certainly, we can talk about preliminary results only, but I can say, that the current year results will be better than in the previous years. I cannot exclude a possibility that we shall break a record for the last five years, as we expect 2011 export proceeds to be not less than USD 3.3 billion. Considering our results in a five-year retrospective, our trade turnover has increased over USD 1 billion or almost one third. Meanwhile the most important thing is that commercial export grew at an advanced rate against the background of stable implementation of the HEU-LEU Agreement (supplies to the USA of Russian uranium downblended from high enriched uranium extracted from dismantled nuclear warheads), the amount of which grows insignificantly, because similar quantities of products are supplied under the Agreement every year. Last year implementation of the HEU-LEU Agreement yielded about USD 900 million.

- Do you have any financial forecasts for 2012? Could you disclose any forecast indicators for the next 5 to 10 years?

- Certainly, we are preparing both the 2012 budget and financial forecasts for 2012 as well as forecasts for a mid- and long-term perspective. But one should take into account the specific features of uranium market that is characterized by a relatively high volatility. Under the current conditions when the market has become extremely susceptible to any statement done by a large player, (and TENEX is a large player, of course),  giving the long-term forecasts, particularly expressed in figures, is a dangerous thing. Let us say, our forecast is moderately optimistic. Our optimism is based on a positively growing dynamics of TENEX long-term contracts portfolio that in 2011 exceeded USD 22 billion with the supplies horizon up to 2030.

- TENEX had uranium supply contracts with Japanese utilities. How does cooperation with Japan develop after the Fukushima accident?

- The accident became a severe trial for the nuclear power worldwide. For understandable reasons, currently the Japanese utilities are not in the best situation. Today we are negotiating with them about the postponement of delivery dates, since being a long-standing partner we understand the complexity of their position. And this is our deliberate position. We are confident that in such a situation we must lend them our shoulder and help Japanese utilities to overcome difficulties, because it meets our mutual interests. I am sure that they will appreciate our position in a proper way. Simultaneously we are seeking for optimum ways to compensate the Company’s drop-out incomes due to postponement of uranium products deliveries to Japanese utilities, primarily having in mind energizing our activities on other regional markets. This is not an easy task, but we are making enough efforts, so that our centrifuges would not rotate in vain.

- In other words, Japanese do not plan to terminate uranium contracts?

- Certainly, not. Moreover, Japanese utilities have not stopped new contracting. It is a continuous process that cannot be halted: operating NPPs should receive fuel without interruption and on the terms acceptable for them, and we can reliably ensure this. Without going into the details, I can say that following Fukushima events we have signed a new contract with a Japanese utility.

- What is your forecast of uranium market prices for 2012 and the short-term perspective – for five years? Will prices continue to fall or shall we see them eventually growing?

- I would say that the prices for uranium enrichment are more important for TENEX rather than prices for natural uranium, because they directly influence our revenues from operations on the world uranium market. Today they demonstrate stability, and no sharp fluctuations of SWU prices are expected. The global NPP fleet is growing. For example, construction of new units is underway in India and China. In this context, I am confident that no sharp fluctuations in uranium enrichment services emerge in the immediate perspective. It is important for us because it ensures the workload of the Russian enrichment industry. Future market prices will depend on a variety of factors, for example, performance of laser enrichment currently developed in the USA and based on Australian technology.

 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2012-1-7 20:10 | 显示全部楼层
As for natural uranium that is mined from the bowels of the earth and supplied to the market upon initial treatment, usually in the form of U3O8, the situation in this area is slightly different. Before the Fukushima accident uranium prices were slowly growing, and many experts talked about it as if it were a stable trend. Immediately after the accident the prices has significantly fallen, and for the time being they are, using the stock trading terms, in the “side corridor”. Obviously, there exist certain downward factors, for example, temporary decline of interest in uranium shown by speculative investors that previously significantly “heated” the market. The end users, I mean utilities, are also not very active on the market today because their requirements for the near-time perspective are fully contracted, and they have no reason to hurry. In the long-term perspective the decisive role will be played by fundamental factors, primarily – by the growing reactor demand connected with construction of new power units. Considering these fundamental factors, a positive forecast could be made: prices for natural uranium will grow, yet slower than it was previously expected.

- You worked with great success during the last three years, having signed a number of contracts in the USA. The Company’s target is to achieve a 25 per cent market share of uranium enrichment for Western design reactors by 2020, and creating  prerequisites for achieving a 30 per cent share by 2030. How are your direct relations with US utilities developing? What utilities do you plan to sign contracts with in 2012?

- Rosatom State Corporation has placed an ambitious target before TENEX: to satisfy in 2030 not less than 30 per cent demand for uranium enrichment services for non-Russian design reactors. We are moving towards this goal with great confidence. I shall not go into details of negotiating process, because I follow the rule that nor intentions neither prospective projects should be reported about for we should inform about the achieved results only. So, I would like to name just one figure – today we have signed direct contracts with the US utilities worth in total about USD 6 billion, and only three years passed since this opportunity has emerged (in February 2008 an Amendment was signed to the Agreement on Suspension of Anti-dumping Investigation concerning Russian Uranium that opened the US market for us). It means that today we have not yet contracted about half volume of the US market available under this Amendment. We consider it as a good backlog for fulfilling the task of replacing supplies under the HEU-LEU Contract that expires in 2013. We have two years ahead for uranium supplies under the HEU-LEU Contract to be used for active work on the market. I cannot guarantee that we shall utilize 100 per cent of the supplies volume granted to us, but I can guarantee that we shall make every effort and do even more to achieve it. I am absolutely aware of the complexity of this task, given that Urenco has constructed its new plant in the USA; given that AREVА has obtained a license for plant construction in Idaho, USA; and given that USEC is engaging contracts under its American Centrifuge Project.

- Are these all the complexities of the US market for you? Whom is your American “daughter” negotiating with?

- Practically all large US companies engaged in nuclear power are embraced by us. Certainly, the US market is enormous, and numerous small-scale companies are operating on it. In general most of them are extremely conservative and prefer dealing with “domestic” suppliers only. That is why in such a situation we greatly rely on our American “daughter” – TENAM Corporation. The company is completely shaped and staffed with highly skilled employees including US citizens. According to our American colleagues, TENAM  is an “effective dоmestic sales force” as we joke. I am confident that TENAM jointly with TENEX commercial units and in close partnership with various international uranium traders will reach out to every potential user of uranium products in the USA and Latin American countries as they say.

- How do you evaluate prospects for your Company entering the South-East Asia and Persian Gulf markets?

- Today it is the most promising segment of the world nuclear market. As for South-East Asia, you know that Rosatom will construct the first NPP in Vietnam and the first NPP in Bangladesh; there remain opportunities for entering markets in other countries of Asian-Pacific region and Middle East. TENEX is already negotiating with a number of interested users of uranium products in these regions, because construction of Western-design NPPs is also underway in these countries. We seek to make our proposals more attractive due to flexible price approaches and customer-friendly logistics of supplies. Specifically, we are working on a possibility of opening up a new transport corridor for uranium products supplies to Asian-Pacific countries through Russian Far Eastern seaports, particularly using the existing industry infrastructure in the regions (the RosRAO’s facilities – the subsidiary of Rosatom State Corporation). Interest in using these routs has been displayed by our largest Asian customers: utilities in Japan and in the Republic of Korea. Obviously, uranium products supplies through Russian Far Eastern seaports will also be attractive to other Asian-Pacific countries. Generally TENEX’s prospects along the southern and eastern directions seem promising, since intensive nuclear power development is expected in these regions.
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2012-1-10 12:25 | 显示全部楼层
http://www.itar-tass.com/c188/308648.html

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The Russian nuclear industry has made a convincing step forward

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Improved safety of existing and construction of new nuclear power plants, the positive economic indicators, the development of the nuclear fleet - these areas of the state corporation "Rosatom" experts call among the most successful in 2011.

"As was shown in 2011, the Russian nuclear industry has managed to withstand the blow of the global nuclear industry accident at a Japanese nuclear power plant" Fukushima ". Confirmation of the competitiveness of Russian nuclear technology was the official opening of the nuclear power plant in Iran, the construction of which was brought to an end, despite all the political and technical difficulties "- Itar-Tass said a member of the Federation Council Committee on Budget and Financial Markets Bato-Zhargal Zhambalnimbuev.

He stressed that "over the past year," Rosatom "concluded almost twice as many contracts to build nuclear power plants abroad than last year / in 2010 were ordered 11 units, is now 21 /, has contracts to build nuclear power plants in India, Bulgaria Turkey, Armenia, Vietnam, Bangladesh and China. " The parliamentarian stressed that "the events in Japan, none of the partners did not raise the issue of changing the Russian NPP projects." "This means that customers are satisfied with the security of Russian nuclear technology," - said Zhambalnimbuev. Federation Council member added that "the corporation is active not only in the Asian market, although today it is the most promising direction, and in 2011 entered into an agreement to build the first NPP in Belarus."

Director of the Institute of Nuclear Safety / IBRAE / RAS, RAS Corresponding Member Leonid Bolshov suggests that "the Russian nuclear industry has shown a very high resistance after the" Fukushima "and at the technical and political levels." "We have not lost any either internal or external contract. This means that the confidence of customers in different countries to the Russian atomic energy was high enough. And this is not politics or dumping. These are the results of 25 years of work after the Chernobyl disaster to improve safety in the different levels, improve designs, offering customers a complete package, including training, assistance in building infrastructure, financing of construction in different formats, "- said the scientist. According to him, "the Russian atomic energy was stable enough self-confidence and was able to prove it on the world stage."

"We're after the Chernobyl disaster have been really big way - and in the technical and informational, and financial sense. Therefore, the stability of the Russian nuclear industry is based on very solid foundations. However, in the first six months after the accident, "Fukushima" were held not only the stress tests, but the purchase of additional pumps and diesel generators for each nuclear power plant. On the one hand, there is pride in the achievements, to show the world this year. On the other hand, there is an understanding that security - it's what must always work ", - said Large.

Experts also note the stability in the domestic nuclear industry. Thus, the head of analytical department of CJSC IC "Energocapital" Alexander Ignatyuk believes that conducted in 2011, "the commissioning of the fourth unit of Kalinin NPP, planned modernization and extension of the operation of the three reactors, the transition to the next stage of the construction of five more reactors in Russia - a key to successful forming a base for further increasing the share of nuclear energy in the energy balance of Russia. "

A leading expert of the Criminal Code "Finam Management" Dmitry Baranov also said the increased in 2011, the number of overseas orders, "Rosatom", which, in his view, "says the recognition in the world championship of Russia in the nuclear industry and supported by the fact that we are a technology leader, NPP is the most effective and most importantly - safe. " The expert said that Russia was the first after the accident at the nuclear power plant in Japan, has received new orders for nuclear power plants abroad.

"Along with the home countries after the" Fukushima "developed" nuclear "phobia, there were countries where the attitude to the situation in the Japanese nuclear power plant with the understanding concern and sympathy, but did not draw hasty conclusions. This is, first of all, leading players in the nuclear industry - Russia, USA, France, China, are developing nuclear power for decades and have learned to separate the wheat from the chaff, are able to, without compromising safety in order to introduce new plants and decommission old " - said Baranov. According to him, these states in 2011 have continued to develop nuclear power, continued development of new nuclear technologies, prepared by qualified personnel, and much more. "But even among this group of countries, Russia stands out, because the outcome of the nuclear industry in this country in 2011 were the best, even among the rest of the" nuclear Quartet "- said the expert.

He also pointed out that in 2011, "Rosatom" increased electricity production by 0.8 percent and reduced the amount of revenue from electricity sales, reflecting the low cost of nuclear energy compared with energy from conventional energy sources.

Baranov added that "Rosatom" in addition to the already created single point of procurement and there is a single industry-standard procurement introduced e-procurement system that allows you to participate in the supply of a greater number of companies and reduce the price of orders. "According to preliminary calculations, the savings from the use of competitive procedures in 2011 will exceed 23 billion rubles", - said the expert.

The head of "Rosatom" Sergey Kiriyenko said earlier that the corporation intends to increase total revenue by 2030, five times - up to $ 75 billion.

Baranov drew attention to the fact that "Rosatom" in 2011, has fully complied with the state defense order, which "indicates a successful, highly skilled and stable work of the entire nuclear weapons complex."

All the interviewed experts of success "Rosatom" in 2011, called signed in September a cooperation agreement with one of the world's leading engineering - a group of companies "Rolls-Royce". "This agreement will not only strengthen the competitive position of" Rosatom "in the market, but also increase the loyalty of foreign customers for its projects, will receive new orders, enter new markets", - said Baranov. "With this alliance corporation may rely on the strengthening its position in Europe ", - considers Zhambalnimbuev. According to the Director of IBRAE Bolshova, such cooperation will bring to Russia a new technological culture." The higher the level of technology, so it is more efficient and better for security. This is a good tandem, beneficial to both parties, " - said the scientist.

According to experts, another achievement of "Rosatom" in 2011 was the development of the nuclear fleet and the Northern Sea Route / MSP /. "After a few convoys of ships along the Northern Sea Route, including carrying out a unique wiring. The interest of foreign shipowners to this track is growing, becoming more willing to allow more to capitalize on this in the future, so this activity is necessary to actively develop "- said Baranov. Agrees with him and Zhambalnimbuev "Transit on the NSR as a business - this is a very promising direction, which is important to develop." "Entering into 2008," Rosatomflota "in the" Rosatom "he went on welfare. It can be seen in her eyes, as is being developed - nuclear-powered icebreakers are increasing loading, the decision to build new ones. The work of the Northern Sea Route is also reflected in the economy. The offshore part of the "Rosatom" obviously pleased with this year. And it is clear that there is a prospect for the future ", - stressed the.

According to him, "gaining momentum" and nuclear medicine. "As the worldwide radiation medicine - this a good business, I hope that next year it will bring good dividends and Russia", - said the director IBRAE.

Scientists believe that the nuclear industry a top priority for the future will improve safety. "This year," Fukushima "was a test for the nuclear industry of Russia and the world. And even more serious than Chernobyl. From these lessons we have learned the most important - the safety must be taken seriously ", - said the expert. He said that after the "Fukushima" revealed "the absence of sufficient systematic work to improve the competence of emergency centers, and the possibility of rapid analysis of the situation - above all this has to work. You can develop the capacity rosatomovskih businesses in this area "- wish great.
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2012-1-11 08:18 | 显示全部楼层
2011年ROSATOM总结。


Results of 2011: Rosatom

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1. In 2011, started block number 4 of Kalinin NPP with water-cooled power reactors VVER-1000 reactors of 1000 MW.

2. In 2011, the Russian nuclear scientists have carried out  start-up of overseas power plant "Bushehr" in Iran, the experimental fast reactor CEFR and gas centrifuge plant in China.

3. Rosatom almost doubled the number of contracts for the construction of NPPs abroad: agreements on the construction of 21 new power unit.

4. In 2011, JSC "TENEX" signed new contracts significantly strengthen its position in the international market of supply of enriched uranium.

5. Rosatom's Uranium division - Uranium Holding ARMZ - came in second place worldwide in terms of mineral resources.

6. State defense order in 2011, is made 漠昀 the nuclear weapons complex Corporation "Rosatom" at 100%.

7. Sections 2011 to the Northern Sea Route by posting icebreakers Rosatomflota holds 34 transit flights - 8.5 times more than a year earlier.

8. Commissioning of the domestic supercomputer petaflopsnogo class, which allowed Russia to enter the top ten world leaders in performance supercomputers.

9. Japan Parliament ratified the Agreement on cooperation in peaceful uses of nuclear energy between Japan and Russia.

10. Rosatom growing investments in research and development (R & D). Compared to 2006, they increased by seven times.


 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2012-1-17 00:09 | 显示全部楼层

JNPC studies Russian nuclear construction management system

16.01.2012
                                                       
The Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corporation (JNPC) is interested in learning and introducing the Russian system of nuclear power plant construction management, said JNPC’s deputy director general Liu Zhaohua during his NN AEP visit. NN AEP January 16 said the Chinese specialists familiarized with innovative technologies the Russian company uses in design and construction of facilities, i.e. Multi-D, common information space of design and construction, and life cycle management of complex engineering facilities
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2012-1-24 00:40 | 显示全部楼层
===

整的还挺利索。

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Standard VVER-TOI project to enter world market in 2013

23.01.2012
                                                       
The development of the standard VVER-TOI project (standard optimized and informatized large power unit with a water-water reactor) is planned to complete by the end of 2012 that will make it possible to present it in the world nuclear power market in 2013, a statement of Atomenergoproekt, which is the architect general, of January 23 says. The project is developed by design and engineering branch of Rosenergoatom, VNIIAES, OKB Gidropress, NRC Kurchatov Institute
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2012-1-27 17:28 | 显示全部楼层
罗戈津:俄核工业设施应该转为使用俄国产设备和零部件而不是进口设备零部件。

就核电站和核电装备而言, 俄国内产商基本提供了97%的设备零部件)

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Rosatom facilities should use domestic equipment components, Rogozin
25.01.2012







To ensure cyber security, nuclear industry facilities should be converted to domestically made equipment components instead of imported ones, deputy chairman of Russia’s government Dmitry Rogozin told journalists during his visit to the N.L. Dukhov All-Russia Research Institute of Automatics (VNIIA) on January 25

 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2012-1-27 17:33 | 显示全部楼层
明年BN-800都要完工了。 是不是出图这个进度有点慢?

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SPb AEP to finish writing BN-800 design documentation this year

26.01.2012

SPb AEP is planning to finish wring design documentation for construction of Beloyarsk-4 with a BN-800 reactor in 2012, the company said January 26. According to Vladimir Yershov, SPb AEP deputy director for BN design, this year the company will hand over the documents on the reactor island, turbine island, power unit diesel generator installation etc
lxf11711 发表于 2012-1-27 18:01 | 显示全部楼层

J大能不能把堆型罗列一下,想知道哪些是快堆,以及铅铋冷却还是钠冷却
 楼主| JSTCVW09CD 发表于 2012-1-27 18:20 | 显示全部楼层
lxf11711 发表于 2012-1-27 18:01
J大能不能把堆型罗列一下,想知道哪些是快堆,以及铅铋冷却还是钠冷却

BN-系列, 包括BN-800, 1200都是钠冷堆。

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铅铋冷却堆明年才准备开造, 小功率的。

点评

谢谢~~  发表于 2012-1-27 18:26
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