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[核武器] 美俄核裁军专题

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 楼主| kktt 发表于 2010-5-4 16:22 | 显示全部楼层
中新社华盛顿5月3日电 (记者 吴庆才)美国国防部3日公布了美国核武库核弹头库存状况,称美国现有5113枚核弹头和数千枚等待拆除的退役核武器。

  这是五角大楼首次正式披露其核武器数量,该数字半个多世纪以来一直被视为美国的最高机密。

  美国国防部当天发表声明说,截止2009年9月30日,美国核武库现有5113枚核弹头,核武库现有储备已将库存“非作战状态”核弹头计入。这一核武器数量已较1967年冷战期间的31225枚削减了84%,较1989年柏林墙倒塌之后的库存减少了75%。

  国防部发布这一数据时恰逢美国国务卿希拉里·克林顿在纽约出席联合国《不扩散核武器条约》审议大会,希拉里在会上发言时表示,公布核武器数量,旨在提升美国核武器状况的透明度,激励其他有核国家效仿并遵从,也有助于增进国家间的相互信任。

  是否公开核武器储备在美国政府高层已争论数月。相关军事和情报机构反对解密核武器数据,认为美国政府此举将对国家安全提出妥协,一些恐怖组织和敌对国家将利用这些数据,推算出制造一枚核弹头所需要钚或者铀的数量;支持者则认为,公开这些数据可以向世界展示美国核裁军成果。

  根据4月8日美俄两国元首在捷克首都布拉格签署的削减和限制进攻性战略武器签署的新协议,美俄各自部署的核弹头数量上限不能超过1550枚。

U.S. Declassifies Nuclear Stockpile Details to Promote Transparency

By Donna Miles
American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, May 3, 2010 – The United States released newly declassified details about its nuclear stockpile today, including significant progress made in dismantling warheads, in an effort to promote transparency and help stem nuclear proliferation.

The United States had 5,113 warheads in its nuclear weapons stockpile as of Sept. 30, a senior defense official told reporters today on background.

That represents an 84 percent reduction from the end of fiscal 1967, when the U.S. nuclear arsenal was its largest, with 31,255 warheads, the official said. The current stockpile is 75 percent lower than when the Berlin Wall fell in late 1989, and the United States had 22,217 warheads.

The United States is making continued progress in dismantling nuclear warheads: with 8,748 dismantled between fiscal years 1994 and 2009 and several thousand more currently retired and awaiting dismantlement, the official noted. Meanwhile, the number of non-strategic nuclear weapons in the U.S. arsenal dropped about 90 percent from Sept. 30, 1991, to Sept. 30, 2009.

“For those who doubt that the United States will do its part on disarmament, this is our record, these are our commitments,” Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton told the U.N. conference on the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty today in New York. “And they send a clear, unmistakable message.”
A senior defense official expressed hope that it would set a standard for the rest of the world, including China, to be more transparent about their nuclear weapons programs.

Clinton said the new Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty with Russia, once approved, will further limit the number of strategic nuclear weapons deployed by both countries to levels not seen since the 1950s.

Clinton also noted that the new Nuclear Posture Review, released in April, rules out the development of new U.S. nuclear weapons and new missions and capabilities for existing weapons. It also prohibits the use of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear weapons states that are parties to the NPT and comply with its nonproliferation obligations.

President Barack Obama has made reducing the threat posed by nuclear weapons and nuclear materials a central mission of U.S. foreign policy, Clinton told the conference.

“I represent a president and a country committed to a vision of a world without nuclear weapons, and to taking the concrete steps necessary that will help us get there,” she said. “And, along with my delegation, I come to this conference with sincere and serous proposals to advance the fundamental aims of the NPT and strengthen the global nonproliferation regime.”

Although most nations live up to their nonproliferation responsibilities, Clinton said Iran’s nuclear weapons ambitions put the entire world at risk and urged the international community to hold it accountable.

She called out Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad for spewing “the same tired, false and sometimes wild accusations” against the United States and other nations during his address to the assembly earlier today. “Iran will do whatever it can to divert attention away from its own record and … attempt to evade accountability,” she said.

Clinton urged Iran to join with other countries represented at the conference to “fulfill our international obligations and work toward the goal of a safer world.”

“When President Obama came into office, he recognized that the greatest potential danger facing the United States comes from a terrorist group like al-Qaida obtaining a crude nuclear device, not from a global nuclear war,” she said. “The threats of the 21st century cannot be addressed with a massive nuclear stockpile. So we are taking irreversible, transparent, verifiable steps to reduce the number of nuclear weapons in our arsenal.”

But in the meantime, Clinton emphasized that the United States won’t eliminate all its nuclear weapons until it’s safe to do so. “The United States will maintain a nuclear deterrent for as long as nuclear weapons exist, one that can protect our country and our allies,” she said.

The U.S. nuclear stockpile includes both active and inactive warheads, defense officials explained. Active warheads include strategic and non-strategic weapons maintained in an operational, ready-for-use configuration, warheads that must be ready for possible deployment within a short timeframe, and logistics spares.

Inactive warheads are maintained in a non-operational status at depots, and have their tritium bottles removed.
 楼主| kktt 发表于 2010-5-4 17:19 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 kktt 于 2010-5-4 17:42 编辑

http://www.defense.gov/npr/docs/ ... y__FINAL_w_Date.pdf

May 3, 2010
Fact Sheet
Increasing Transparency in the U.S. Nuclear Weapons Stockpile

The United States is releasing newly declassified information on the U.S. nuclear weapons
stockpile.  Increasing the transparency of global nuclear stockpiles is important to non-
proliferation efforts, and to pursuing follow-on reductions after the ratification and entry into
force of the New START Treaty that cover all nuclear weapons: deployed and non-deployed,
strategic and non-strategic.
Stockpile.  As of September 30, 2009, the U.S. stockpile of nuclear weapons consisted of 5,113
warheads.  This number represents an 84 percent reduction from the stockpile’s maximum
(31,255) at the end of fiscal year 1967, and over a 75 percent reduction from its level (22,217)
when the Berlin Wall fell in late 1989.  The below figure shows the U.S. nuclear stockpile from
1945 through September 30, 2009.  
Warhead Dismantlement.  From fiscal years 1994 through 2009, the United States dismantled
8,748 nuclear warheads.  Several thousand additional nuclear weapons are currently retired and
awaiting dismantlement.
Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons.  The number of U.S. non-strategic nuclear weapons declined
by approximately 90 percent from September 30, 1991 to September 30, 2009.



Definitions  
*The nuclear stockpile includes both active and inactive warheads.  Active warheads include strategic and non-strategic weapons maintained in an operational, ready-for-use configuration, warheads that must be ready for possible deployment within a short timeframe, and logistics spares. They have tritium bottles and other Limited Life Components installed.  Inactive warheads are maintained at a depot in a non-operational status, and have their
tritium bottles removed.  
*A retired warhead is removed from its delivery platform, is not functional, and is not considered part of the nuclear stockpile.  It is put in the queue for dismantlement.
*A dismantled warhead is a warhead that has been reduced to its component parts.

http://www.fas.org/blog/ssp/2010/05/stockpilenumber.php
Estimated U.S. Nuclear Weapons Inventories, 2010
 楼主| kktt 发表于 2010-5-4 17:32 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 kktt 于 2010-5-4 17:37 编辑

美国只需要311枚核弹头就足够核威慑?
100枚单弹头MM3+192枚单弹头D5(8艘Ohio)+19架B-2(这里对ALCM的计数按照START3的规定每架飞机只算一枚弹头。)

Col. B. Chance Saltzman, chief of the Air Force’s Strategic Plans and Policy Division, has argued that “the United States could address military utility concerns with only 311 nuclear weapons in its nuclear force structure while maintaining a stable deterrence.”

http://www.au.af.mil/au/ssq/2010/spring/forsythsaltzmanschaub.pdf

In fact, the United States could address military utility concerns with only 311 nuclear weapons in its nuclear force structure while maintaining a stable deterrence. These 311 weapons should include missiles that are integral to a stable deterrence because they cannot be moved, are easily detected, and can hold enemy forces at bay with pinpoint accuracy. One hundred single-warhead ICBMs, such as the Minuteman III systems currently in service, provide a disbursed, ready force that may be more politically palatable than more severe reductions. The sea leg of the triad can be constituted by 192 de-MIRVed Trident D-5 SLBMs on 12 Ohio class submarines, each capable of holding 24 missiles. This would allow two patrols of four boats each at any given time. These missiles are highly survivable as they can be moved, cannot be easily detected, and, with pinpoint accuracy, can hold
hardened targets at risk if necessary. Furthermore, British and French nuclear capabilities remain available to assure European allies, if any perceive weakness based on this force reduction in the Atlantic. Finally, air-launched cruise missiles (ALCM) from 19 B-2s will continue to contribute standoff capability and flexibility to the triad. This is more than enough weapons to use aircraft for nuclear escalation control and political signaling while allowing all B-52Hs to convert and focus on a their conventional role. As with the SLBM force, ALCMs can be shuttled from wing to wing for operational security or intermixed with conventional munitions—a solution first proposed by Brodie.
东方红 发表于 2010-5-5 20:40 | 显示全部楼层
美国只需要311枚核弹头就足够核威慑?
100枚单弹头MM3+192枚单弹头D5(8艘Ohio)+19架B-2(这里对ALCM的计数 ...
kktt 发表于 2010-5-4 17:32

这位牛仔喝高了吧?吹的太离谱了。在可预见的将来,美国的作战部署战略核弹头不会低于1500枚,才能保持对俄罗斯的有效核威慑。爱好和平的人们自然希望减少到没有,但这是不可能的。
JK-SETI 发表于 2010-5-5 23:45 | 显示全部楼层
倡议战略弹头数SLBM弹头数战略投送工具总数(轰炸机, 洲际弹道导弹, 弹道导弹核潜艇)
阿利·伯克‘有限威慑’(1960-1961 720[400枚弹头战略值勤]
麦克纳马拉1964‘确保摧毁’,1986400(百万吨当量弹头)
卡特19771月(苏联弹头裁减至同一水平) 200-250
深度削减(1977)(苏联弹头裁减至同一水平) 1500-2000
里根1986雷克雅未克峰会(于1991年实现,削减50%7472 966
里根雷克雅未克峰会(于1996年实现,再削减50%0 0
目前美国部署量1968[20091231日数量] 1189
布拉格START后续条约1550 800[部署700]


“从有限威慑到全球双零点:冷战时期美国核力量水平的备选方案”


略有改动, 来源:http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/nukevault/ebb311/index.htm
东方红 发表于 2010-5-14 19:43 | 显示全部楼层
美国参议院将启动美俄新核裁军条约批准程序  
2010年05月14日 06:18:24  来源: 新华网  

  新华网华盛顿5月13日电(记者冉维 蒋国鹏)美国参议院13日收到奥巴马政府和俄罗斯政府在4月签署的新核裁军条约文本,参议院将很快启动对该条约的批准程序。
  当天早些时候,奥巴马将旨在代替美俄已经到期的《削减和限制进攻性战略武器条约》的新核裁军条约递交给参议院审议批准。
  根据新条约,两国部署的核弹头数量在未来10年内将分别减少到1550枚,比上一条约的上限减少了30%。但即便如此,美俄两国的核弹头数量仍将占全世界总量的90%以上。
  新条约在生效前均需得到两国议会的批准。奥巴马需要获得至少67位参议员的支持才能使该条约在参议院获得通过。
  参议院外交委员会主席约翰·克里当天表示,参议院将对新条约进行全面、仔细的考虑。他认为,一旦条约得到全面审查,参议院两党将会达成共识。
  参议院外交委员会将于18日就新的核裁军条约举行听证会。届时,美国国务卿希拉里、国防部长盖茨和美军参谋长联席会议主席迈克·马伦将到场作证。
东方红 发表于 2010-5-14 21:03 | 显示全部楼层
美俄核裁军互玩猫腻:俄夸大核武数量美国相反
来源:新华网 2010年05月14日

  美国公布核武器数量后,俄外长12日表示俄罗斯也考虑公布拥有的核武器数量。但美国核专家克里斯滕森11日在美国科学家联合会网站上披露,俄罗斯此前在不扩散核武器条约审核会议上提交的核武器数量不准确。他通过研究后发现出人意料的结果:俄罗斯不是隐藏了部分核弹头,而是夸大了自己的核武器数量,而美国的做法则正好相反。
  克里斯滕森说,他获得了一份说明俄联邦核武器削减计划的材料,包括一张关于俄罗斯同意削减三军管理的战略核武器的图表,意在表明俄罗斯的行动符合不扩散核武器条约第4阶段的规定。这张图表标明从1991年到2017年以5年为一阶段的战略核弹头库存数量,其中最重要的数据是“实际核武器数量”。但他研究后发现,这些核武器的“实际数量”并非此前莫斯科与华盛顿就已到期的战略武器削减条约达成的谅解备忘录中所说的“核武器总数”。俄罗斯提供的这些数字中包括那些到2012年实际已超过服役期的“幽灵武器”。克里斯滕森解释说,俄罗斯宣称的核武器数字是根据拥有运载平台总数统计得出的,而不是按照实际部署的武器数量。俄罗斯的材料还表明其削减了战术核武器,强调战术核武器规模已经比1991年削减3/4。
  报道称,美国上周公布拥有5113枚核弹头,同时还公布自2006年以来弹道导弹以及重型轰炸机部署核弹头的数量。但克里斯滕森认为,美国的这个数字也是不准确的。他说,美国通过将部分核弹头转为储备状态的方法,使它们不被列入统计范围之内,他估计美国核武器的实际数量至少超过9000枚。相比之下核武器沉重的维护费用对俄罗斯而言更是难以承受,所以俄罗斯的核弹头数量可能比纸面上的要少。如果俄罗斯公布战略核武器实际部署的数字,将会发现其削减力度比预期的更大。克里斯滕森估计,俄罗斯现在实际核武器部署数量约为2600枚,远小于此前材料中公布的3900枚。
东方红 发表于 2010-5-16 14:09 | 显示全部楼层
俄罗斯称计划公布该国核武器数量 提高透明度  
2010年05月12日中新社
    俄罗斯外交部发言人涅斯捷连科12日在新闻发布会上表示,俄罗斯正在考虑公布自己核武器状况的问题。
    在回答记者提问俄方对美方公布核武器数量做何评价及俄罗斯是否会效仿美方时,涅斯捷连科表示,莫斯科认为,华盛顿做出的上述举动将提高核武器状况的透明度,并将有利于巩固有核国家与无核国家之间的信任。
    涅斯捷连科说,在削减进攻性战略武器新条约签字生效后,“俄罗斯同样能够从实际层面上考虑公开俄现有战略核力量运载工具以及与之相对应的核弹头数量的问题”。
    俄美两国总统于今年4月8日在布拉格签署削减进攻性战略武器新条约。新条约规定,美俄各自部署的核弹头数量上限为1550枚;各自部署的洲际弹道导弹、潜射弹道导弹以及重型轰炸机数量上限为700件;各自部署和未部署的核武器发射架数量上限为800件。
    本月3日,美国国防部公布了美核武库核弹头库存状况,称美方现有5113枚核弹头和数千枚等待拆除的退役核武器。这是五角大楼首次正式披露其核武器数量。美国国务卿希拉里·克林顿表示,公布核武器数量,旨在提升美国核武器状况的透明度,激励其他有核国家效仿并遵从,也有助于增进国家间的相互信任。
 楼主| kktt 发表于 2010-8-23 02:14 | 显示全部楼层
http://guests.armscontrolwonk.co ... ller-nuclear-forces


Toward Smaller Nuclear Forces

By david | 22 August 2010

There’s a serious new study by a group of authors in the United States and Russia being published in the coming days that calls for deeper cuts in nuclear weapons—well beyond those envisioned in the New Start treaty pending before the Senate.

The new study is based on extensive computer modeling of a nuclear war, and it suggests strongly that both the United States and Russia could preserve deterrence with fewer warheads and launchers than under New Start. The current treaty calls for 1,550 warheads and 700 active launchers on each side. But the computer modeling showed that further reductions to 1,000 warheads and 500 launchers—or, even lower levels—would not weaken security on either side.

The new study also shows that de-alerting would not erode deterrence. It offers a useful counterpoint to some in the Pentagon, who have argued that a rush to re-alerting in a crisis would create dangerous and destabilizing incentives to strike first.

No doubt the outlook is cloudy, at best, for further nuclear arms reductions by the United States and Russia. Sticking points abound: the asymmetry in arsenals of tactical nuclear weapons; Russian objections to U.S. missile defense plans; and U.S. reserves of non-deployed strategic warheads. On top of that, the political situation in both countries may not be conducive to deeper cuts in the next few years. But this new study ought to inspire the policy-makers and negotiators on both sides to get back to the table. There is clearly room to do more. The authors also call for other countries to begin to ponder lower levels of nuclear weapons along with the United States and Russia.

The conclusions are laid out in an essay in the forthcoming issue of Foreign Affairs.

I think the piece is a welcome reminder, yet again, that Russia and the United States remain locked in a Cold War mindset long after that confrontation expired. They each maintain far larger nuclear arsenals than they need for deterrence. For another perspective which also suggested that the United States could rely on lower levels of weapons, see the article in Strategic Studies Quarterly earlier this year, in which three Air Force thinkers, James Wood Forsyth Jr., Col. B. Chance Saltzman (chief of the Air Force Strategic Plans and Policy Division) and Gary Schaub Jr. concluded that “America’s security can rest easily” on a comparatively small nuclear force. The United States, they wrote, could “draw down its nuclear arsenal to a relatively small number of survivable, reliable weapons dispersed among missile silos, submarines, and airplanes.” They said such a force might number only 311 nuclear weapons.

What’s interesting about the new study in Foreign Affairs is that three of the authors are Russians with extensive experience in Soviet and Russian nuclear forces. Not everyone in the Russian establishment is enthusiastic about deeper cuts; these are voices to be taken seriously.

The three are: Victor Esin, a retired Colonel General, former chief of staff of the Strategic Rocket Forces, and professor at the Institute of the United States and Canada; Valery Yarynich, a retired Colonel who served at the Center for Operational and Strategic Studies of the Russian General Staff, and is now a fellow at the Institute of the United States and Canada; and Pavel Zolotarev, a retired Major General, former section head of the Russian Defense Council, who is deputy director of the Institute of the United States and Canada. The U.S. authors are Bruce Blair, President of the World Security Institute and Co-coordinator of Global Zero, and Matthew McKinzie, a senior scientist at the Natural Resources Defense Council. All the authors are members of the research arm of Global Zero.

The study was supported by the Hewlett Foundation and the Fullerton Family Foundation.

In running their computer models, the authors say they used public estimates of U.S. and Russian forces. For the different scenarios, they ran more than 100 computer simulations of each, in an effort to get the best possible sense of what might happen in a real conflict. They are posting a detailed technical appendix here.

The authors conclude:

    Once the New Start agreement is approved by the U.S. Senate, the arms control process between the United States and Russia needs to continue moving  forward. Washington and Moscow could easily reduce their nuclear forces to just 1,000 warheads apiece without any adverse consequences.

    They could also de-alert their nuclear forces, diminishing the risk of an accidental or unauthorized launch. Eventually, in concert with other nuclear states and after progress has been made on missile defense cooperation, they should be able to reduce their arsenals to 500 weapons each. Even after these deep cuts, hundreds of cities would still remain at risk of catastrophic destruction in the event of a nuclear war.

    Such changes to the nuclear relationship between the United States and Russia should be accompanied by a change in attitude as well as forces: both countries must be more open in assessing nuclear threats and the requirements of deterrence.

    Secrecy about safeguards against unauthorized or mistaken launches and about estimates of first- and second strike attacks hamper informed public debate and instill mutual suspicion. Open analysis can help inform the public and policymakers on the best way forward for nuclear policy, elevating the debate above the fray of politics, ideology, and secrecy to a higher plane of objective and transparent analysis. This openness could pave the way toward a safer and more stable world with fewer, and eventually zero, nuclear weapons.
JK-SETI 发表于 2010-9-17 12:24 | 显示全部楼层
9月16日:
美国参议院外交关系委员会通过《新START条约》,票数14比4,交参议院全体会议表决;委员会主席克里称11月中期选举后,参议院将进行投票。

http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/2010 ... vote_20100916174007
东方红 发表于 2010-9-28 19:39 | 显示全部楼层
研究表明,美国削减后的核武库仍然具有足够威慑力。
不光打击俄罗斯,竟然还要打击368个中国城市……

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JK-SETI 发表于 2010-9-28 22:13 | 显示全部楼层
这是NRDC完成于2001年6月的报告《The U.S. Nuclear War Plan A Time for Change》。当时计算用了1289枚核弹头对俄罗斯进行“打击军事目标(counterforce)”,就2010年原子科学家公报的《U.S. nuclear forces, 2010》来看,目前的W87弹头是不够用的(目前估计是有250枚,NRDC在2001年估计要用500枚)。

还有就是NRDC当年的报告中没有考虑SS-25(当时机动版SS-27还没有装备)疏散的情况,所以美国只用攻击SS-25的营地,只需要100枚W76弹头。而且NRDC的报告中没有使用空基核力量(因为要用ICBM、SLBM核突袭)

至于“竟然还要打击368个中国城市”,只是NRDC按照麦克纳马拉标准(杀伤25%人口)计算得出的,目的是体现NRDC的观点:“最小威慑只需要很少数量的弹头”。

考虑到“美国削减后的核武库”,拿2001年的NRDC报告(1289+368就已经超过了“1500件”的新下限,当然这没有考虑美国使用空基核力量的情况)似乎不如KKTT说的这篇:
http://www.globalzero.org/files/FA_appendix.pdf
当然,在这里就没有后备核力量的概念,也就是说“美俄所有的战略核弹头都会使用”,没有剩下对付中国的。
东方红 发表于 2010-9-29 07:25 | 显示全部楼层
要仔细体味的的不是美国人的研究结论,而是美国人的研究方法。
目前俄罗斯战略核武库已缩水过半,要打击它们自然用不到过去那么多核弹头了,所以说按照新条约裁减后的美国核武库仍然具备足够威慑力。
东方红 发表于 2010-10-16 19:55 | 显示全部楼层
美军销毁威力最大热核炸弹B-53 被导弹替代
来源:重庆晚报 2010年10月16日

  据俄罗斯《生意人报》10月15日报道,美国政府近日宣布,威力最大的B-53热核炸弹销毁项目开始启动。俄专家认为,美国拥有世界上最强大的军队和独一无二的高精武器,现在已经不需要B-53式明显落伍的武器。
  拆卸工作已展开
  美国能源部国家核安全局新闻处10月14日宣布,美国开始销毁本国威力最大的B-53热核炸弹,具体拆卸工作将在得克萨斯州阿马里洛附近的潘太克斯核工厂内进行。但是没有明确指出此次应当销毁的B-53炸弹的具体数量,据美国独立专家的统计,美国国防部现有50枚B-53热核炸弹。
  俄专家称热核炸弹已落伍
  俄罗斯军事专家、《国防》杂志总编科罗特琴科指出,苏联类似核弹是从上世纪80年代末90年代初开始退役的,现在美国决定销毁B-53热核炸弹,主要是因为这种自由落体式核弹已经不符合现代战争的实际需要,现在可以使用其他方式,特别是导弹,大幅提高核弹命中精度,在此情况下类似B-53的自由落体式航空炸弹显然已经落伍。
  用于袭击苏联领导层
  B-53热核炸弹于1959年由洛斯阿拉莫斯国家实验室研制成功,最初代号MK53。当时处于美苏冷战最为尖锐的阶段,美国国家实验室研究中心接到的任务是研制出能彻底摧毁苏联领导层在核战争爆发时使用的非常坚固的地下掩体的弹药,于是B-53热核炸弹横空出世。
  B-53的威力高达9兆吨,长3.8米,直径近1.3米,重4吨,其中由5个降落伞组成的伞降系统就重达400公斤,主要应由B-58、B-47、B-52战略轰炸机运送到目标上空投掷,能够绝对摧毁方圆6公里以内的所有建筑物,有效杀伤区直径15公里。从1962年至1965年6月共生产了340枚,一直服役到上世纪80年代,之后被更为紧凑的核弹替代,开始退出战斗编成,部分销毁,部分储存在仓库中作为核弹储备,必要时可以迅速重新部署,直到1997年最终全部退役。
 楼主| kktt 发表于 2010-10-16 20:12 | 显示全部楼层
B53已被B61mod11代替
 楼主| kktt 发表于 2010-12-12 09:25 | 显示全部楼层
美国白宫发言人吉布斯(Robert Gibbs)10日表示,美国总统奥巴马准备延后休假,直到参院通过美俄新“战略武器裁减条约”(NewSTART)为止。

    奥巴马预定圣诞节期间,与家人一起赴夏威夷度假。

    奥巴马与俄罗斯总统梅德韦杰夫于今年4月签署New START,内容为两国在7年内裁减30%核武弹头,使总数低于1550枚,并裁减发射运载工具至700具以下。

    奥巴马多次呼吁参院在“跛脚会期”结束前批准New START,但共和党不愿配合,借故拖延。

    参院共和党党鞭季尔(Jon Kyl)曾公开表示,“跛脚会期”年底结束前,还有许多议案待审,NewSTART是复杂的条约,不宜列入本会期讨论。

    New START属国际条约,需获2/3以上参议员支持,即至少67票才能通过。目前民主党在参院拥有57席,另有2席无党籍议员配合民主党团运作,民主党尚需至少8位共和党议员跨党义助。

    如果本会期无法通过,从1月3日开始的新会期,民主党席位将减为53席,条约通过的机会将更小。(中新网12月11日电)
 楼主| kktt 发表于 2010-12-18 15:22 | 显示全部楼层
新华网莫斯科12月17日电(记者魏大方)俄罗斯战略导弹部队司令卡拉卡耶夫17日说,鉴于目前核威慑力依然有效,俄罗斯将继续保持已经拥有的核威慑地位。

    卡拉卡耶夫说,考虑到目前核武器在国际关系发展和变化中仍具威慑力,以及现有科技进步发展的水平,俄罗斯的核力量在可预见的未来仍具现实影响力。俄近期仍将以核威慑力为支撑,确保俄武装力量形成自己的整体规模,并使其质量得以进一步提升。

    卡拉卡耶夫强调,俄罗斯的核威慑优势不仅体现在导弹数量上,同时也体现在核弹头数量上。此外,俄罗斯的核威慑力还表现在机动性、持久性以及战时操作的稳定性等方面。
 楼主| kktt 发表于 2010-12-19 10:36 | 显示全部楼层
Russia to keep Satan ballistic missiles in service until 2026

20:43 17/12/2010 MOSCOW, December 17 (RIA Novosti) - Russia will continue to deploy SS-18 Satan heavy intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM) as part of the country's nuclear arsenal until at least 2026, the commander of Strategic Missile Forces (SMF) said Friday.

"The extension of the service life of the systems equipped with RS-20V [SS-18 Satan] missiles will allow us to keep these most powerful missiles in the world until 2026," Lt. Gen. Sergei Karakayev said.

Introduced almost 33 years ago, the missile is routinely tested and has proved to be a very reliable weapon.

"At this point, there are no serious technical restrictions to continue extending the missile's service life," the general said.

The missile is armed with a warhead containing 10 multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRVs) with a yield of 550 to 750 kilotons each. It has a maximum range of 11,000 km (6,800 miles) with a launch mass of over 210 tons and a payload of 8.8 tons.

According to publicly available sources, Russia currently has 88 SS-18 missile silo launchers, most of them deployed at the Dombarovsky missile base in the Orenburg Region.
东方红 发表于 2010-12-19 11:56 | 显示全部楼层
SS-18V寿命能延长至2016年就不错了,驻奥伦堡的第31导弹集团军很快就要撤销。
 楼主| kktt 发表于 2010-12-19 12:23 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 kktt 于 2010-12-19 17:56 编辑

替代SS-18的液体重型弹从去年开始研制,最快也要8年,如果缺钱的话需要10-15年。说来说去,俄国还是没钱。

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